Kigelia DC.

This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Tree with a rounded crown
Morphology Leaves
Leaves opposite or ternate, imparipinnate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Flowers in terminal lax pendulous panicles
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx campanulate to almost tubular, leathery, irregularly 2–5-lobed
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla large, widely campanulate, 2-lipped, upper lip shortly 2-lobed, lower lip deeply 3-lobed
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 4, 2 long and 2 short, adnate to the top of the cylindrical part of the corolla-tube; staminode 1
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disk large, ring-shaped
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary 1-celled, with 2 parietal much intruded placentas
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit large, cylindrical, indehiscent, pendulous from a long peduncle, with a thick wall enclosing a fibrous pulp in which the seeds are embedded
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds without wing.
Distribution
Genus of a single species in tropical Africa.

[FTEA]

Bignoniaceae, Sally Bidgood, Bernard Verdcourt, Kaj Vollesen. Cobaeaceae, Bernard Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2006

Morphology General Habit
Tree.
Morphology Branches
Young branches with gland fields often present at the nodes.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves opposite or ternate, imparipinnate.
Morphology Leaves Leaflets
Leaflets (2–)4–6(–7) pairs.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a pendulous raceme with spreading branches.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Pedicel
Pedicels bent upwards.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx tubular, 2-lipped.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla large, broadly campanulate, tube cylindrical at base, 5-lobed.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 4, in two unequal pairs, thecae free for most of their length, staminode present.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disk large, annular.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary terete, one-celled with 2 parietal placentas.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary Ovules
Ovules numerous, multiseriate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Stigma
Stigma bilobed.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit large, cylindrical (sausage-shaped), indehiscent with thick walls.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds numerous, inserted in a tough fibrous pulp, not winged.
Note
A single very variable species across tropical Africa. Widely cultivated elsewhere in the tropics.

[FZ]

Bignoniaceae, M. A. Diniz. Flora Zambesiaca 8:3. 1988

Morphology General Habit
Medium or large tree with a rounded crown.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves imparipinnate, opposite or ternate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a terminal, lax, pendulous panicle, longly pedunculate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx campanulate to almost tubular, irregularly lobed, coriaceous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla large, widely campanulate; limb bilabiate and 5-lobed; corolla tube cylindrical at the base, widening and uncurving upwards.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium
Stamens 4, didynamous, adnate to the top of the cylindrical part of the corolla tube; staminode 1, rather large.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disk annular, thick.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary terete, unilocular, placenta parietal 2, widely intruded; ovules numerous, pluriseriate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit large, cylindrical, pendulous, wood-walled, indehiscent, with a fibrous pulp.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds numerous, thick; wingless, testa coriaceous.

Native to:

Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Caprivi Strip, Central African Repu, Chad, Congo, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., Ivory Coast, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Liberia, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Ecuador, Mexico Southwest

Kigelia DC. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Keay [FHI37493], Cameroon 54274.000 No

First published in Biblioth. Universelle Genève, n.s., 17: 135 (1838)

Accepted by

  • Burger, W. & Gentry, A.H. (2000). Bignoniaceae Fieldiana Botany New Series, n.s., 41: 77-160. Field Museum of Natural History.
  • Diniz, M.A. (1988). 124. Bignoniaceae Flora Zambesiaca 8(3): 61-85. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Diniz, M.A. (1990). Bignoniaceae Flora de Moçambique 120: 1-35. Instituto de Investigaçao Científuca Tropical.
  • Fischer, E., Theisen, I. & Lohmann, L.G. in Kubitkzki, K. (ed.) (2004). Bignoniaceae The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants 7: 9-38. Springer.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Bibl. Univ. Genéve, n.s., 17: 135 (1838)
  • F.T.A. 4, 2: 533.

Flora Zambesiaca

  • in Bibl. Univ. Genève, Sér. 2, 17: 135 (1838).

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, (2000) Author: by M. Tardelli & L. Settesoldi [updated by M. Thulin 2008]
  • Innamorati in Webbia 25: 589–621 (1971).

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Ann. Sci. Nat. sér. 2 Bot. 11:297 (1839)
  • Bibl. Univ. Genève, sér. 2, 17: 135 (1838)

  • Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of Somalia

    Flora of Somalia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0