Pogonatherum paniceum (Lam.) Hack.

This species is accepted, and its native range is Arabian Peninsula, Afghanistan to Taiwan and Tropical Asia.

[GB]
Morphology General Habit
Perennial; mat forming. Culms prostrate; 15-60 cm long; wiry. Lateral branches fastigiate. Ligule a ciliolate membrane. Leaf-blades 2-6 cm long; 1-3 mm wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence composed of racemes; terminal and axillary. Axillary inflorescences present throughout the plant; similar to terminal. Peduncle flexuous. Racemes 1; single; straight, or arcuate; 2-4 cm long. Rhachis fragile at the nodes; subterete; villous on margins. Rhachis internodes linear. Spikelets in pairs. Fertile spikelets sessile and pedicelled; 2 in the cluster. Pedicels linear; villous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; laterally compressed; 2.5-3 mm long; falling entire; deciduous from the base and with accessory branch structures. Spikelet callus bearded; base obtuse; attached transversely. Spikelet callus hairs white; 0.5 length of spikelet.
Fertile
Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; laterally compressed; 2.5-3 mm long; falling entire; deciduous from the base and with accessory branch structures. Spikelet callus bearded; base obtuse; attached transversely. Spikelet callus hairs white; 0.5 length of spikelet.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes dissimilar; exceeding apex of florets; firmer than fertile lemma. Lower glume elliptic; 0.9 length of upper glume; 0.9 length of spikelet; cartilaginous; without keels. Lower glume surface pubescent. Lower glume apex obtuse. Upper glume elliptic. Upper glume apex emarginate; awned; 1 -awned. Upper glume awn 8-22 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Basal sterile florets male; with palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret oblong; 0.6-0.8 length of spikelet; hyaline; 0 -veined; without midvein; without lateral veins. Fertile lemma oblong; 2-3 mm long; hyaline; without keel; 1 -veined. Lemma apex dentate; 2 -fid; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn from a sinus; flexuous; 8-22 mm long overall. Palea hyaline; without keels.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Lodicules absent. Anthers 2.
Distribution
Africa: western Indian ocean. Asia-temperate: western Asia, Arabia, China, and eastern Asia. Asia-tropical: India, Indo-China, Malesia, and Papuasia. Australasia: Australia.
Reference
Andropogoneae. WDC.

Native to:

Afghanistan, Andaman Is., Assam, Bangladesh, Borneo, China South-Central, China Southeast, East Himalaya, India, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Malaya, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Nicobar Is., Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Solomon Is., Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam, West Himalaya

Introduced into:

Comoros, Madagascar, Mauritius, Rodrigues, Réunion, Sri Lanka

Pogonatherum paniceum (Lam.) Hack. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Smitinand [6758], Thailand K000688553 No
Hansen, B. [12733], Thailand K000688557 No
Hosseus, C.C. [291], Thailand K000688522 No
Geesink, R. [6907], Thailand K000688558 No
Kerr, A.F.G. [950], Thailand K000620361 No
Larsen, K. [9262], Thailand K000688556 No
Smitinand, T. [4317], Thailand K000688539 No
Smitinand [6182], Thailand K000688552 No
Hosseus, C.C. [421], Thailand K000688560 No
Sukkri, B. [86], Thailand K000688555 No
van Beusekom, C.F. [4076], Thailand K000688554 No
Chantaranothai, P. [1396], Thailand K000688559 No
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8844], India Pogonatherum polystachyum K001128333 Yes
De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 8844] Pogonatherum polystachyum K001128335 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8844], Myanmar Pogonatherum polystachyum K001128337 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8844], India Pogonatherum polystachyum K001128332 Yes
Porter, G. [Cat. no. 8844], Malaysia Pogonatherum polystachyum K001128336 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8844], Myanmar Pogonatherum polystachyum K001128338 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8844], Nepal Pogonatherum polystachyum K001128334 Yes

First published in Allg. Bot. Z. Syst. 12: 178 (1906)

Accepted by

  • Ahmed, Z.U. (ed.) (2008). Encyclopedia of Flora and Fauna of Bangladesh 12: 1-505. Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  • Bor, N.L. (1970). Flora Iranica 70: 1-573. Naturhistorisches Museums Wien.
  • Bosser, J. & Renvoize, S.A. (2018). Flore des Mascareignes 203: 1-276. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
  • Boulos, L. (2005). Flora of Egypt 4: 1-617. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Clayton, W.D. & Snow, N. (2010). A key to Pacific Grasses: 1-107. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Cope, T.A. (1982). Flora of Pakistan 143: 1-678. Department of Botany, University of Karachi, Karachi.
  • Cope, T.A., Knees, S.G. & Miller, A.G. (2007). Flora of the Arabian peninsula and Socotra 5(1): 1-387. Edinburgh University Press.
  • Dassanayake (ed.) (1994). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 8: 1-458. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.
  • Gilliland, H.B. (1971). A revised flora of Malaya 3: 1-319. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Singapore.
  • Girmansyah, D. & al. (eds.) (2013). Flora of Bali an annotated checklist: 1-158. Herbarium Bogorensis, Indonesia.
  • Henty, E.E. (1969). A manual of the grasses of New Guinea: 1-215. Division of Botany, Dpt. of Forests, LAE, New Guinea.
  • Kandwal, M.K. & Gupta, B.K. (2009). An update on grass flora of Uttarkhand Indian Journal of Forestry 32: 657-668.
  • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.
  • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590.
  • Noltie, H.J. (2000). Flora of Bhutan 3(2): 457-883. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
  • Pandey, R.P. & Dilwakar, P.G. (2008). An integrated check-list flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403-500.
  • Press, J.R. et al. (2000). Annotated Checklist of the Flowering Plants of Nepal: i-x, 1-430. Natural History Museum, London.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

Not accepted by

  • Middleton, D.J. & al. (eds.) (2019). Flora of Singapore 7: 1-525. Singapore Botanic Gardens. [Cited as Pogonatherum crinitum.]
  • Turner, I.M., Middleton, D.J., Duistermaat, H. & Veldkamp, J.F. (2019). Flora of Singapore precursors, 6: Typification of grass names relevant to the flora of Singapore Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 71: 1-44. [Cited as Pogonatherum crinitum.]

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Ahmed, Z.U. (ed.) (2008). Encyclopedia of Flora and Fauna of Bangladesh 12: 1-505. Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  • Barthelat, F. (2019). La flore illustrée de Mayotte: 1-687. Biotope éditions.
  • Bosser, J. & Renvoize, S.A. (2018). Flore des Mascareignes 203: 1-276. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
  • Boulos, L. (2005). Flora of Egypt 4: 1-617. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Clayton, W.D. & Snow, N. (2010). A key to Pacific Grasses: 1-107. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Cope, T.A., Knees, S.G. & Miller, A.G. (2007). Flora of the Arabian peninsula and Socotra 5(1): 1-387. Edinburgh University Press.
  • Dassanayake (ed.) (1994). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 8: 1-458. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.
  • Gilliland, H.B. (1971). A revised flora of Malaya 3: 1-319. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Singapore.
  • Girmansyah, D. & al. (eds.) (2013). Flora of Bali an annotated checklist: 1-158. Herbarium Bogorensis, Indonesia.
  • Henty, E.E. (1969). A manual of the grasses of New Guinea: 1-215. Division of Botany, Dpt. of Forests, LAE, New Guinea.
  • Hubbard, C.E. & Vaughan, R.E. (1940). Grasses of Mauritius and Rodriguez: 1-128. Crown Agents for the Colonies, London.
  • Kandwal, M.K. & Gupta, B.K. (2009). An update on grass flora of Uttarkhand Indian Journal of Forestry 32: 657-668.
  • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.
  • Masamune, G. (1942). Enumeratio phanerogamarum Bornearum: 1-739. Taihoku, Formosa.
  • Press, J.R. et al. (2000). Annotated Checklist of the Flowering Plants of Nepal: i-x, 1-430. Natural History Museum, London.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

  • GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora

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  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0