Setaria verticillata (L.) P.Beauv.

First published in Ess. Agrostogr.: 51 (1812)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Tropical & Subtropical Old World. It is an annual and grows primarily in the subtropical biome. It is used as animal food, a poison and a medicine, has social uses and for food.

Descriptions

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Naturalizada en Colombia.
Morphology General Habit
Hierba
Conservation
No Evaluada
[CPLC]

Gramineae, W. D. Clayton. Flora Zambesiaca 10:3. 1989

Morphology General Habit
Loosely tufted annual.
Morphology Culms
Culms 50–100 cm. high or more, geniculately ascending.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Panicle 2–15 cm. long, spiciform, linear to untidily lobed, often entangled, the rhachis hispidulous; bristles 3–8 mm. long, retrorsely barbed, tenaciously clinging.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets 1.5–2.5 mm. long, elliptic.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Superior glume as long as spikelet.
Superior
Superior glume as long as spikelet. Superior lemma finely rugose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Inferior floret sterile, the palea minute.
Inferior
Inferior floret sterile, the palea minute.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Lemma
Superior lemma finely rugose.
[FZ]

Gramineae, W. D. Clayton. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3:2. 1972

Morphology General Habit
Ascending annual up to 1 m. high
Ecology
Weedy places.
[FWTA]

Distribution
Naturalised in Colombia.
Habit
Herb.
[UPFC]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Annual up to 100 cm high; leaves broadly linear
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Panicle contracted, spike-like, linear to untidily lobed, 2–15 cm long, often entangled, the rhachis hispidulous; bristles 3–8 mm long, retrorsely barbed, tenaciously clinging to clothing or fur
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets ellipsoid, 1.5–2.5 mm long; lower glume 1/3–1/2 the length of the spikelet; upper glume as long as the spikelet; lower floret barren; upper lemma finely rugose.
Distribution
N1–3; C1; S1–3 tropical and warm temperate regions throughout the world.
Ecology
Altitude range 60–1800 m.
Vernacular
Dheg-dhegle, marabob (Somali).
[FSOM]

Gramineae, W. D. Clayton, S. M. Phillips & S. A. Renvoize. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1974

Morphology General Habit
Loosely tufted annual; culms 10–100 cm. high or more, geniculately ascending.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-blades broadly linear, 5–30 cm. long, 4–16 mm. wide, flaccid, glabrous to loosely pilose; sheaths glabrous to pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Panicle spiciform, linear to untidily lobed, 2–15 cm. long, often entangled, the rhachis hispidulous; bristles 3–8 mm. long, retrorsely barbed, tenaciously clinging.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets ellipsoid, 1.5–2.5 mm. long; lower glume 1/3–1/2, the upper as long as the spikelet; lower floret sterile, the palea minute; upper lemma finely rugose.
Figures
Fig. 127.
Habitat
Pathsides, old farmland, cattle kraals and other weedy places, with some preference for damp or shady sites; 0–2200 m.
Distribution
K1 K2 K3 K4 K5 K6 K7 T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 T7 tropical and warm temperate regions generally
[FTEA]

Morphology General Habit
Annual; caespitose. Culms decumbent; 10-100 cm long. Leaf-sheaths outer margin glabrous, or hairy. Ligule a ciliate membrane. Leaf-blades 5-30 cm long; 4-16 mm wide; flaccid. Leaf-blade surface glabrous, or pilose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle spiciform; linear; continuous, or interrupted; 2-15 cm long. Primary panicle branches accrescent to a central axis; with evident branchlets on axis. Panicle axis hispidulous. Spikelets subtended by an involucre. Fertile spikelets 1-3 in the cluster. Involucre composed of bristles; 3-8 mm long. Involucral bristles persistent; 1-4 in principal whorl; flexible; retrorsely scaberulous; glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; dorsally compressed; 1.5-2.5 mm long; falling entire.
Fertile
Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; dorsally compressed; 1.5-2.5 mm long; falling entire.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; 0.33-0.5 length of spikelet; hyaline; without keels; 1-3 -veined. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume ovate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 5-7 -veined. Upper glume apex acute.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret ovate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; 5-7 -veined; acute. Fertile lemma ovate; dorsally compressed; gibbous; 1-2 mm long; indurate; without keel. Lemma surface rugose. Lemma margins involute. Palea involute; indurate.
Distribution
Europe: central, southwestern, southeastern, and eastern. Africa: north, Macaronesia, west tropical, west-central tropical, northeast tropical, east tropical, southern tropical, south, middle Atlantic ocean, and western Indian ocean. Asia-temperate: Soviet Middle Asia, Caucasus, western Asia, Arabia, China, and eastern Asia. Asia-tropical: India, Indo-China, and Malesia. Australasia: Australia and New Zealand. Pacific: southwestern, south-central, northwestern, and north-central. North America: Subarctic, western Canada, eastern Canada, northwest USA, north-central USA, northeast USA, southwest USA, south-central USA, southeast USA, and Mexico. South America: Mesoamericana, Caribbean, northern South America, western South America, Brazil, and southern South America.
Reference
Paniceae. FTEA.
[GB]

Uses

Use Animal Food
Used as animal food.
Use Gene Sources
Used as gene sources.
Use Food
Used for food.
Use Materials
Used as material.
Use Medicines
Medical uses.
Use Poisons
Poisons.
Use Social
Social uses.
[UPFC]

Common Names

English
Bristly foxtail, Bur bristle grass, Bur grass, Cat's tail, Sticky bristle grass, Whorled Bristle Grass

Sources

  • Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora Zambesiaca

    • Flora Zambesiaca
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Somalia

    • Flora of Somalia
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2023. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Living Collection Database

    • Common Names from Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew Living Collection https://www.kew.org/
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2023. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images
  • Plants and People Africa

    • Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
    • © Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0