Sporobolus festivus Hochst. ex A.Rich.

This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa, Madagascar, India.

[GB]
Morphology General Habit
Perennial; caespitose. Butt sheaths glabrous; persistent and investing base of culm; with fibrous dead sheaths. Culms erect; 10-60 cm long. Leaf-sheaths outer margin glabrous, or hairy (ciliate). Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades convolute; 2-7 cm long; 1-2 mm wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; ovate; effuse; 3-22 cm long. Panicle branches capillary (red); glabrous in axils. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; subterete; 1-1.5 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
Fertile
Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; subterete; 1-1.5 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes deciduous; similar; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume oblong, or ovate; 0.4-0.6 mm long; 0.66 length of upper glume; membranous; without keels; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume ovate; 0.6-1 mm long; 0.5-0.66 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; grey, or purple; without keels; 1 -veined. Upper glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume apex acute; muticous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Fertile lemma ovate; 1-1.5 mm long; membranous; grey, or purple; without keel; 1 -veined. Lemma apex acute. Palea 2 -veined. Palea keels approximate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Anthers 3; 0.6-0.8 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Caryopsis with free soft pericarp; ellipsoid, or obovoid; 0.4-0.7 mm long.
Distribution
Africa: west tropical, west-central tropical, northeast tropical, east tropical, southern tropical, south, and western Indian ocean. Asia-temperate: Arabia.
Reference
Eragrostideae. FTEA.

[FWTA]

Gramineae, W. D. Clayton. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3:2. 1972

Morphology General Habit
Densely tufted perennial up to 60 cm. high, with strongly fibrous base
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Very delicate, often reddish, inflorescence
Ecology
Crevices and hollows in rock outcrops and shallow soils.

[FTEA]

Gramineae, W. D. Clayton, S. M. Phillips & S. A. Renvoize. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1974

Morphology General Habit
Densely caespitose perennial, the basal leaf-sheaths becoming fibrous with age; culms 10–60 cm. high, slender.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-blades mostly convolute, sometimes flat, 2–7 cm. long, 1–2 mm. wide; sheath margins glabrous or ciliate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Panicle narrowly ovate, 3–22 cm. long, very delicate and diffuse, the branches capillary and tinged with red.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets very small, 1–1.5 mm. long, greyish green or purplish; lower glume narrowly ovate to oblong, 0.4–0.6 mm. long; upper glume narrowly ovate, 0.6–1 mm. long, 1/2–2/3 as long as the spikelet, acute; lemma narrowly ovate, as long as the spikelet, acute; anthers 3, 0.6–0.8 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Grain ellipsoid to obovoid, 0.4–0.7 mm. long.
Habitat
Well-drained open places in wooded grassland or deciduous bushland, usually on shallow or sandy soils; occasionally on seasonally waterlogged hardpan soils; particularly characteristic of crevices in rock outcrops; 20–2000 m.
Distribution
from Mauritania and the Somali Republic to South Africa (Transvaal) and South West Africa K1 K2 K3 K4 K5 K7 T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 T7 T8

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Densely tufted perennial up to 60 cm high; basal sheaths becoming fibrous with age, glabrous within, their margins glabrous or shortly ciliate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Panicle narrowly ovate, 3–22 cm long, very delicate and diffuse, the branches capillary
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets 1–1.5 mm long; lower glume narrowly ovate to oblong, 0.4–0.6 mm long; upper glume narrowly ovate, 1/2–2/3 the length of the spikelet; lemma narrowly ovate, acute, as long as the spikelet; anthers 3, 0.6–0.8 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Grain ellipsoid to obovoid, 0.4–0.7 mm long.
Distribution
N1, 3 tropical Africa and Arabia southwards to South Africa and Namibia.
Vernacular
Geedho (Somali).

[FZ]

Gramineae, T. Cope. Flora Zambesiaca 10:2. 1999

Morphology General Habit
Densely caespitose perennial without rhizomes or stolons; culms up to 60(70) cm tall, erect, unbranched; basal leaf sheaths firmly chartaceous, glabrous or ciliate on the margins, terete, eventually disintegrating in to a cushion of persistent, glabrous or thinly pilose fibres; leaf laminas 2–15 cm × 1–2 mm, usually involute, sometimes flat, smooth or scaberulous on the surfaces, scabrid on the margins, acute at the apex.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Panicle 3–22 cm long, narrowly ovate, very delicate and diffuse, the branches capillary and tinged with red; primary branches not in whorls, smooth or scaberulous, eglandular, the spikelets evenly distributed.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets 1–1.6 mm long, greyish-green or purplish; inferior glume 1/5–1/3(2/5) the length of the spikelet, oblong to narrowly ovate, nerveless, glabrous, obtuse at the apex; superior glume 1/2–2/3 the length of the spikelet, narrowly ovate, 1-nerved, glabrous, acute or cuspidate at the apex, the nerve not excurrent; lemma as long as the spikelet, narrowly ovate, acute; anthers 3, 0.6–0.8 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Grain 0.5–0.7(0.85) mm long, elliptic to obovate, oblong in section.

Doubtfully present in:

Free State, KwaZulu-Natal

Native to:

Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Caprivi Strip, Central African Repu, Chad, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, India, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Senegal, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Saudi Arabia, Yemen

Sporobolus festivus Hochst. ex A.Rich. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Nov 1, 2008 Cheek, M. [13556], Cameroon K000580326 No
Jan 1, 1991 Schweinfurth, G. [1000], Ethiopia K000365251 Unknown type material Yes
Burtt, B. D. [1832] K000365222 Unknown type material Yes
Schimper [1692], Ethiopia K000365249 syntype Yes
Schimper [1692], Ethiopia K000365250 syntype Yes
Chevalier [9225], Central African Republic K000365295 Unknown type material Yes
Chevalier [8626], Central African Republic K000365296 Unknown type material Yes
Peter, A. [37919] K000365221 Yes

First published in Tent. Fl. Abyss. 2: 398 (1850)

Accepted by

  • Aedo, C., Tellería, M.T. & Velayos, M. (eds.) (1999). Bases Documentales para la Flora de Guinea Ecuatorial; Plantas vascularis y hongos: 1-414. CSIC, real jardín Botánico, Madrid.
  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 2: 360-550. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
  • Bosser, J. (1969). Gramiées des pasturages et des cultures a Madagascar: 1-440. ORSTOM, Paris.
  • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
  • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(2): 1-94. ORSTOM, Bangui.
  • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
  • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Clayton, W.D., Phillips, S.M., Renvoize, S.A. (1974). Gramineae. Flora of Tropical East Africa 2: 177-449.
  • Cope, T. (1999). Flora Zambesiaca 10(2): 1-261. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Cope, T.A., Knees, S.G. & Miller, A.G. (2007). Flora of the Arabian peninsula and Socotra 5(1): 1-387. Edinburgh University Press.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola. Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Gillet, H. (1968). Le peuplement végétal du massif de l'Ennedi (Tchad). Mémoires du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle. Serie B. Botanique 17: 1-206.
  • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 7: 1-430. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Hepper, F.N. (ed.) (1972). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 3(2): 277-574.
  • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.
  • Lebrun, J.P. (1973). Énumération des plantes vasculaires du Sénégal: 1-209. Maisons Alfort: Institut d'élevage et de médecine vétérinaire des pays tropicaux.
  • Lewalle, J. (1970). Liste floristique et répartition altitudinale de la flore du Burundi occidental: 1-84. Université officielle de Bujumbura.
  • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée. Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
  • Ndabaneze, P. (1989). Catalogue des Graminées du Burundi. Lejeunia; Revue de Botanique, n.s., 132: 1-127.
  • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
  • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Retief, E. & Meyer, N.L. (2017). Plants of the Free State inventory and identification guide. Strelitzia 38: 1-1236. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) (1995). Flora of Somalia 4: i-ii, 1-298. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1988). Flora du Rwanda 4: I-X, 1-651. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
  • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A Handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Berhaut, Fl. Sén. ed. 2, 412.
  • Chev. Bot. 742
  • Tent. Fl. Abyss. 2: 398 (1850)
  • in Rev. Bot. Appliq. 14: 112
  • incl. var. fibrosus Stapf ex Stent in Bothalia 2: 264 (1927)

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Aedo, C., Tellería, M.T. & Velayos, M. (eds.) (1999). Bases Documentales para la Flora de Guinea Ecuatorial; Plantas vascularis y hongos: 1-414. CSIC, real jardín Botánico, Madrid.
  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
  • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(2): 1-94. ORSTOM, Bangui.
  • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
  • Clayton, W.D., Phillips, S.M., Renvoize, S.A. (1974). Gramineae. Flora of Tropical East Africa 2: 177-449.
  • Cope, T. (1999). Flora Zambesiaca 10(2): 1-261. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Cope, T.A., Knees, S.G. & Miller, A.G. (2007). Flora of the Arabian peninsula and Socotra 5(1): 1-387. Edinburgh University Press.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola. Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Gillet, H. (1968). Le peuplement végétal du massif de l'Ennedi (Tchad). Mémoires du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle. Serie B. Botanique 17: 1-206.
  • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 7: 1-430. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Hepper, F.N. (ed.) (1972). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 3(2): 277-574.
  • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.
  • Lebrun, J.P. (1973). Énumération des plantes vasculaires du Sénégal: 1-209. Maisons Alfort: Institut d'élevage et de médecine vétérinaire des pays tropicaux.
  • Lewalle, J. (1970). Liste floristique et répartition altitudinale de la flore du Burundi occidental: 1-84. Université officielle de Bujumbura.
  • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) (1995). Flora of Somalia 4: i-ii, 1-298. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1988). Flora du Rwanda 4: I-X, 1-651. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 4, (1995) Author: by T. A. Cope [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • A. Rich., Tent. Fl. Abyss. 2: 398 (1851).
  • A.V. Bogdan, A Revised List of Kenya Grasses p. 29 (1958).
  • Clayton in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 3: 410 (1972).
  • D.M. Napper, Grasses of Tanganyika: 48 (1965).
  • Eggeling, Ann. list grasses Ug.: 45 (1947).
  • F. W. Andr., The Flowering Plants of the Sudan 3: 549 (1956).
  • Jackson & Wiehe, Ann. list Nyasaland grasses: 61 (1958).
  • K.W. Harker & D.M. Napper, An Illustrated Guide to the Grasses of Uganda p. 57 (1960).
  • Robyns, Flore des Spermatophytes du Parc National Albert3: 146 (1955).

  • Flora Zambesiaca

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