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This species is accepted, and its native range is Europe to Siberia and Pakistan.

[GB]
Morphology General Habit
Perennial; caespitose. Butt sheaths pubescent. Culms erect; 25-40 cm long. Culm-internodes smooth; distally glabrous, or pubescent. Leaves basal and cauline. Leaf-sheaths ribbed. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 4 mm long; membranous; obtuse. Leaf-blades erect to ascending; filiform; conduplicate; 15-30 cm long; 1 mm wide; stiff; glaucous. Leaf-blade surface scabrous; rough adaxially; glabrous. Leaf-blade margins scabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a panicle; embraced at base by subtending leaf. Panicle contracted; elliptic; 10 cm long; bearing few spikelets. Primary panicle branches appressed. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; compressed slightly; 30-60 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus elongated; pungent.
Fertile
Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; compressed slightly; 30-60 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus elongated; pungent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes persistent; similar; with lower narrower than upper; exceeding apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume lanceolate; 30-60 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; membranous; yellow; 1-keeled (very slightly); keeled below; 5-7 -veined. Lower glume apex setaceously attenuate. Upper glume lanceolate; 30-60 mm long; 1.7-2 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; yellow; without keels; 5-7 -veined. Upper glume apex setaceously attenuate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Fertile lemma linear; subterete; 15-20 mm long; coriaceous; 3(-5) -veined. Lemma margins convolute; covering most of palea; ciliate. Lemma apex awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn geniculate; 150-300 mm long overall; with twisted column; deciduous; abscissing from top of lemma; limb plumose. Column of lemma awn glabrous. Palea linear; tightly convolute around flower; 0.8 length of lemma; coriaceous; 2 -veined; without keels.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Lodicules 3; lanceolate; membranous; acute.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; fusiform.
Distribution
Europe: northern, central, southwestern, southeastern, and eastern. Africa: north. Asia-temperate: Siberia, Soviet Middle Asia, Caucasus, western Asia, China, and Mongolia.
Reference
Stipeae. TB.

Native to:

Afghanistan, Albania, Altay, Austria, Bulgaria, Buryatiya, Central European Rus, Corse, Czechoslovakia, East European Russia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iran, Iraq, Irkutsk, Italy, Kazakhstan, Krasnoyarsk, Mongolia, North Caucasus, Pakistan, Poland, Romania, South European Russi, Sweden, Switzerland, Transcaucasus, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Tuva, Ukraine, West Siberia, Xinjiang, Yugoslavia

Stipa pennata L. appears in other Kew resources:

First published in Sp. Pl.: 78 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Bor, N.L. (1968). Flora of Iraq 9: 1-588. Ministry of Agriculture & Agrarian Reform, Baghdad.
  • Bor, N.L. (1970). Flora Iranica 70: 1-573. Naturhistorisches Museums Wien.
  • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Fedorov, A.A. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Russia. The European part and bordering regions 1: 1-546. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam, Broekfield.
  • Gonzalo, R., Aedo, C. & Angel García, M. (2013). Taxonomic revision of the Eurasian Stipa subsections Stipa and Tirsae (Poaceae) Systematic Botany 38: 344-378.
  • Grubov, V.I. (2008). Key to the vascular plants of Mongolia (with an atlas) 2: 1-503. Academy of Sciences, Mongolian People's Republic, Ulaan Bator.
  • Malyschev, L.I. & Peschkova, G.A. (eds.) (2001). Flora of Siberia 2: 1-362. Scientific Publishers, Inc., Enfield, Plymouth.
  • Meikle, R.D. (1985). Flora of Cyprus 2: 833-1970. The Bentham-Moxon Trust Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Nobis, M. & al. (2020). A synopsis of the genus Stipa (Poaceae) in Middle Asia, including a key to species identification, an annotated checklist, and phytogeographic analysis Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 105: 1-63.
  • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006). Konspekt Flora Kavkaza 2: 1-466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.
  • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1980). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Bor, N.L. (1968). Flora of Iraq 9: 1-588. Ministry of Agriculture & Agrarian Reform, Baghdad.
  • Bor, N.L. (1970). Flora Iranica 70: 1-573. Naturhistorisches Museums Wien.
  • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1985). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 9: 1-724. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
  • Fedorov, A.A. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Russia. The European part and bordering regions 1: 1-546. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam, Broekfield.
  • Gonzalo, R., Aedo, C. & Angel García, M. (2013). Taxonomic revision of the Eurasian Stipa subsections Stipa and Tirsae (Poaceae) Systematic Botany 38: 344-378.
  • Grubov, V.I. (2008). Key to the vascular plants of Mongolia (with an atlas) 2: 1-503. Academy of Sciences, Mongolian People's Republic, Ulaan Bator.
  • Malyschev, L.I. & Peschkova, G.A. (eds.) (2001). Flora of Siberia 2: 1-362. Scientific Publishers, Inc., Enfield, Plymouth.
  • Meikle, R.D. (1985). Flora of Cyprus 2: 833-1970. The Bentham-Moxon Trust Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Ri?abinina, Z.N. & Kni?azev, M.S. (2009). Opredelitel sosudistykh rastenii Orenburgskoi oblasti: 1-757. Moskva: KMK.
  • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006). Konspekt Flora Kavkaza 2: 1-466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.
  • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1980). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.

GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0