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This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical Asia.
Thysanolaena latifolia

[GB]
Morphology General Habit
Perennial; caespitose. Culms 200-400 cm long. Culm-internodes solid. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 1-2 mm long. Leaf-blades deciduous at the ligule; 30-60 cm long; 30-70 mm wide; stiff. Leaf-blade venation with distinct cross veins. Leaf-blade margins cartilaginous; scaberulous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a panicle; bearing juvenile spikelets at emergence. Panicle open; oblong, or ovate; 30-60 cm long; 15-30 cm wide; contracted about primary branches. Primary panicle branches appressed, or spreading. Panicle branches stiff; bearded in axils. Spikelets solitary, or in pairs. Fertile spikelets pedicelled; 1-2 in the cluster. Pedicels filiform; 0.5-1 mm long; scaberulous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; with a barren rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 1.5-2 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with the pedicel; readily shedding fertile florets; pedicel base truncate.
Fertile
Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; with a barren rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 1.5-2 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with the pedicel; readily shedding fertile florets; pedicel base truncate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes similar; shorter than spikelet; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; 0.65 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; membranous; without keels; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume ovate; 0.7 mm long; 0.5 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; without keels; 1 -veined. Upper glume apex acute.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to fertile lemma; lanceolate; 1.8 mm long; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; 1-3 -veined; eciliate on margins, or ciliate on margins; acute. Fertile lemma lanceolate; 1.4 mm long; membranous; much thinner on margins; without keel; 3 -veined. Lemma margins ciliate. Lemma apex acute. Palea 0.5 length of lemma. Rhachilla extension 0.1 length of fertile floret.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Lodicules 2. Anthers 2; 0.6-1 mm long. Stigmas 2. Ovary glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; 0.5-0.6 mm long. Hilum punctiform.
Distribution
Africa: west tropical, east tropical, and western Indian ocean. Asia-temperate: China and eastern Asia. Asia-tropical: India, Indo-China, Malesia, and Papuasia. Pacific: north-central.
Reference
Arundineae. FTA.

Native to:

Andaman Is., Assam, Bangladesh, Borneo, Cambodia, China South-Central, China Southeast, East Himalaya, Hainan, India, Jawa, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Malaya, Maluku, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Nicobar Is., Pakistan, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam, West Himalaya

Introduced into:

Brazil West-Central, California, Comoros, Cuba, Gambia, Hawaii, Mauritius, Seychelles, Tanzania, Trinidad-Tobago, Windward Is.

Thysanolaena latifolia (Roxb. ex Hornem.) Honda appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Hullett, R.W. [s.n.], Singapore K000290572
Lace, J.H. [2716], Burma K000032477
Winit [1667], Thailand K000621697
Kerr, A.F.G. [14657], Thailand K000621704
Kerr, A.F.G. [17818], Thailand K000621705
van Beusekom, C.F. [4642], Thailand K000682299
Chantaranothai, P. [1451], Thailand K000682302
Kerr, A.F.G. [11592], Thailand K000621702
Kerr, A.F.G. [9957], Thailand K000621700
Kerr, A.F.G. [18017], Thailand K000621706
Winit [1669], Thailand K000621698
Bloembergen, S. [9], Thailand K000682300
Kerr, A.F.G. [14657], Thailand K000621703
Kerr, A.F.G. [9957], Thailand K000621701
Chantaranothai, P. [1451], Thailand K000682303
Bloembergen, S. [10], Thailand K000682301
Kerr, A.F.G. [9371], Thailand K000621699
Kerr, A.F.G. [1640], Thailand Thysanolaena maxima K000621708
Kerr, A.F.G. [3128], Thailand Thysanolaena maxima K000621710
Floto, F. [7712], Thailand Thysanolaena maxima K000682295
Sorensen, Th. [508], Thailand Thysanolaena maxima K000682290
Kloss [6637], Thailand Thysanolaena maxima K000682297
Hansen, B. [12518], Thailand Thysanolaena maxima K000682296
Murton, H.F. [s.n.], Thailand Thysanolaena maxima K000682298
Geesink [4971], Thailand Thysanolaena maxima K000682293
Dee [504], Thailand Thysanolaena maxima K000682291
Takawa, M. [T 3039], Thailand Thysanolaena maxima K000682294
Kerr, A.F.G. [1640], Thailand Thysanolaena maxima K000621707
Kerr, A.F.G. [3128], Thailand Thysanolaena maxima K000621709
Kerr, A.F.G. [s.n.], Thailand Thysanolaena maxima K000682292

First published in J. Fac. Sci. Univ. Tokyo, Sect. 3, Bot. 3: 312 (1930)

Accepted by

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
  • Bosser, J. & Renvoize, S.A. (2018). Flore des Mascareignes 203: 1-276. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
  • Clayton, W.D. & Snow, N. (2010). A key to Pacific Grasses: 1-107. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2003). Flora of North America North of Mexico 25: 1-781. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
  • Frohlich, D. & Lau, A. (2014). New plant records for the Hawaiian islands 2012-2013 Bishop Museum Occasional Papers 115: 7-17.
  • Kandwal, M.K. & Gupta, B.K. (2009). An update on grass flora of Uttarkhand Indian Journal of Forestry 32: 657-668.
  • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.
  • Middleton, D.J. & al. (eds.) (2019). Flora of Singapore 7: 1-525. Singapore Botanic Gardens.
  • Newman, M., Ketphanh, S., Svengsuksa, B., Thomas, P., Sengdala, K., Lamxay, V. & Armstrong, K. (2007). A checklist of the vascular plants of Lao PDR: 1-394. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
  • Noltie, H.J. (2000). Flora of Bhutan 3(2): 457-883. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
  • Turner, I.M. (1995 publ. 1997). A catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Malaya Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 47(2): 347-655.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Ahmed, Z.U. (ed.) (2008). Encyclopedia of Flora and Fauna of Bangladesh 12: 1-505. Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
  • Barthelat, F. (2019). La flore illustrée de Mayotte: 1-687. Biotope éditions.
  • Clayton, W.D. & Snow, N. (2010). A key to Pacific Grasses: 1-107. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Cope, T.A. (1982). Flora of Pakistan 143: 1-678. Department of Botany, University of Karachi, Karachi.
  • Dassanayake (ed.) (1994). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 8: 1-458. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2003). Flora of North America North of Mexico 25: 1-781. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
  • Forzza, R.C. & al. (2013). Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2010/.
  • Gilliland, H.B. (1971). A revised flora of Malaya 3: 1-319. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Singapore.
  • Hubbard, C.E. & Vaughan, R.E. (1940). Grasses of Mauritius and Rodriguez: 1-128. Crown Agents for the Colonies, London.
  • Kandwal, M.K. & Gupta, B.K. (2009). An update on grass flora of Uttarkhand Indian Journal of Forestry 32: 657-668.
  • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.
  • Masamune, G. (1942). Enumeratio phanerogamarum Bornearum: 1-739. Taihoku, Formosa.
  • Noltie, H.J. (2000). Flora of Bhutan 3(2): 457-883. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
  • Press, J.R. et al. (2000). Annotated Checklist of the Flowering Plants of Nepal: i-x, 1-430. Natural History Museum, London.
  • Robertson, S.A. (1989). Flowering Plants of Seychelles: 1-327. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/