Urochloa distachyos (L.) T.Q.Nguyen

First published in Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 3: 13 (1966)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is S. Arabian Peninsula to W. Pacific. It is a perennial or annual and grows primarily in the seasonally dry tropical biome. It is used as animal food and a medicine and has environmental uses.

Distribution

Native to:

Assam, Bangladesh, Borneo, Caroline Is., China South-Central, China Southeast, East Himalaya, Fiji, Gilbert Is., Guatemala, Hainan, India, Jawa, Kazan-retto, Lesser Sunda Is., Malaya, Maldives, Maluku, Marianas, Marshall Is., Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New South Wales, Nicobar Is., Northern Territory, Oman, Pakistan, Philippines, Queensland, Solomon Is., South Australia, South China Sea, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Taiwan, Thailand, Vanuatu, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Western Australia

Introduced into:

Aldabra, Andaman Is., Bahamas, Benin, Cayman Is., Chagos Archipelago, Christmas I., Colombia, Cook Is., Costa Rica, Cuba, Florida, Hawaii, Honduras, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Leeward Is., Line Is., Madagascar, Maryland, Mauritius, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Nauru, Nicaragua, Niue, Panamá, Phoenix Is., Puerto Rico, Samoa, Seychelles, Southwest Caribbean, Tanzania, Texas, Togo, Tokelau-Manihiki, Tonga, Trinidad-Tobago, Turks-Caicos Is., Uganda, Venezuela, Wallis-Futuna Is., Windward Is., Zaïre

Synonyms

Homotypic Synonyms

Heterotypic Synonyms

Classification

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PAFTOL

POWO follows these authorities in accepting this name:

  • (2022). https://doi.org/10.15553/c2022v772a7. epublication.
  • Knapp, W.M. & Naczi, R.F.C. (2021). Vascular plants of Maryland, USA. A comprehensive account of the state's botanical diversity. Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 113: 1-151.
  • Plunkett, G.M., Ranker, T.A., Sam, C. & Balick, M.J. (2022). Towards a checklist of the vascular flora of Vanuatu. Candollea 77: 105-118.
  • Whistler, W.A. (2022). Flora of Samoa Flowering Plants: 1-930. National Tropical Botanicl Garden. Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History.

An alternative taxonomy had been proposed by the following authorities:

  • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [Cited as Brachiaria distachya.]

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies. Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Ahmed, Z.U. (ed.) (2008). Encyclopedia of Flora and Fauna of Bangladesh 12: 1-505. Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Bor, N.L. (1970). Flora Iranica 70: 1-573. Naturhistorisches Museums Wien.
  • Bosser, J. (1969). Gramiées des pasturages et des cultures a Madagascar: 1-440. ORSTOM, Paris.
  • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
  • Camus, E.G. & Camus, A. in H. Lecomte (1922). Flore Générale de l'indo-Chine 1(3): 193-336.
  • Cirilo, N. & Proctor, G.R. (1994). Vascular plants of the Caribbean Swan islands of Honduras. Brenesia 41-42: 73-80.
  • Clayton, W.D. & Renvoize, S.A. (1982). Gramineae. Flora of Tropical East Africa 3: 451-898.
  • Clayton, W.D. & Snow, N. (2010). A key to Pacific Grasses: 1-107. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Correll, D.S. & Correll, H.B. (1982). Flora of the Bahama Archipelago: 1-1692. J.Cramer, Vaduz.
  • Dassanayake (ed.) (1994). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 8: 1-458. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.
  • Datta, B.K., Saha, R. Roy, M. & Majumder, K. (2008). Grasses of West Tripura district, Tripura, India. Pleione 2: 98-105.
  • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flora Mesoamericana 6: 1-543. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
  • Dávila, P., Mejia-Saulés, M.T., Gómez-Sánchez, N., Valdés-Reyna, J., Ortíz, J.J., Morín, C., Castrejón, J. & Ocampo, A. (2006). Catálogo de las Gramíneas de México: 1-671. CONABIO, México city.
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2003). Flora of North America North of Mexico 25: 1-781. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
  • Fosberg, F.R. & Stoddard, D.R. (1994). Flora of the Phoenix Islands, Central Pacific. Atoll Research Bulletin 393: 1-60.
  • Fosberg, F.R. (1957). The Maldive islands, Indian Ocean. Atoll Research Bulletin 58: 1-37.
  • George, A.S., Orchard, A.E. & Hewson, H.J. (eds.) (1993). Oceanic islands 2. Flora of Australia 50: 1-606. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
  • Ghazanfar, S.A. (1992). An Annotated Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Oman and their Vernacular names. Scripta Botanica Belgica 2: 1-153.
  • Gilliland, H.B. (1971). A revised flora of Malaya 3: 1-319. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Singapore.
  • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia. Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
  • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  • Hubbard, C.E. & Vaughan, R.E. (1940). Grasses of Mauritius and Rodriguez: 1-128. Crown Agents for the Colonies, London.
  • Kandwal, M.K. & Gupta, B.K. (2009). An update on grass flora of Uttarkhand. Indian Journal of Forestry 32: 657-668.
  • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.
  • Masamune, G. (1942). Enumeratio phanerogamarum Bornearum: 1-739. Taihoku, Formosa.
  • Morat, P. & Veillon, J.-M. (1985). Contributions à la conaissance de la végétation et de la flore de Wallis et Futuna. Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle. Section B, Adansonia 7: 259-329.
  • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
  • Noltie, H.J. (2000). Flora of Bhutan 3(2): 457-883. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
  • Pandey, R.P. & Dilwakar, P.G. (2008). An integrated check-list flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands, India. Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403-500.
  • Pullaiah, T. & Karuppusamy, S. (2020). Flora of Eastern Ghats 7: 1-474. Regency publications, New Deli.
  • Robertson, S.A. (1989). Flowering Plants of Seychelles: 1-327. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Sheppard, C.R.C. & Seaward, M.R.D. (eds.) (1999). Ecology of the Chagos archipelago: 1-350. Westbury Academic & Scientific Publishing, Otley.
  • Stevens, W.D., Ulloa U., C., Pool, A. & Montiel, O.M. (2001). Flora de Nicaragua. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 85: i-xlii, 1-2666. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Suzuki, M., Taufatofua, P. & Koyama, T. (2007). New records of plants from Tonga. Makinoa, n.s., 6: 25-62.
  • Sykes, W.R. (2016). Flora of the Cook Islands: 1-973. National Tropical Botanical Garden, Hawaii.
  • Walker, E.H. (1976). Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu islands: 1-1159. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C., U.S.A.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae. Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R., & Celis, M. (eds.). (2020). Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia. v1.1. Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Dataset/Checklist. https://doi.org/10.15472/7avdhn
  • Diazgranados et al. (2021). Catalogue of plants of Colombia. Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia project. In prep.
  • Diazgranados, M., Allkin, B., Black N., Cámara-Leret, R., Canteiro C., Carretero J., Eastwood R., Hargreaves S., Hudson A., Milliken W., Nesbitt, M., Ondo, I., Patmore, K., Pironon, S., Turner, R., Ulian, T. (2020). World Checklist of Useful Plant Species. Produced by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Knowledge Network for Biocomplexity.
  • GBIF.org (2021). GBIF species matching tool. https://www.gbif.org/tools/species-lookup
  • Medicinal Plant Names Services (MPNS) v.10 (2021); http://mpns.kew.org/

Other Data

Other Kew resources that provide information on this taxon:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Aug 16, 2021 Hosaka, E.Y. [2341] United States K001614801 No
Apr 1, 1978 Davies, R.M. [9726] Tanzania Brachiaria subquadripara K000496677 No
Apr 1, 1978 Allan, J.G. [s.n.] Kenya Brachiaria subquadripara K000496676 No
Apr 1, 1978 Bogdan, A. [3333] Kenya Brachiaria subquadripara K000496675 No
Put [2625] Thailand Brachiaria subquadripara K000620998 No
Blake, S.T. [87] Australia Brachiaria subquadripara K000958898 Unknown Type Material Yes
Sorensen, Th.; Larsen, K.; Hansen, B. [1997] Thailand Brachiaria subquadripara K000688069 No
Heckman, C.W. [121] Thailand Brachiaria subquadripara K000688064 No
Laegaard, S.; Norsangsri, M. [21699] Thailand Brachiaria subquadripara K000688060 No
Kerr, A.F.G. [12939] Thailand Brachiaria subquadripara K000620996 No
Kerr, A.F.G. [15658] Thailand Brachiaria subquadripara K000620997 No
Larsen, K.; Smitinand, T.; Warncke, E. [1290] Thailand Brachiaria subquadripara K000688068 No
Kerr, A.F.G. [3808] Thailand Brachiaria subquadripara K000620993 No
Kerr, A.F.G. [3808] Thailand Brachiaria subquadripara K000620994 No
Sorensen, Th.; Larsen, K.; Hansen, B. [4489] Thailand Brachiaria subquadripara K000688071 No
Larsen, K. [9622] Thailand Brachiaria subquadripara K000688067 No
Heckman, C.W. [126] Thailand Brachiaria subquadripara K000688065 No
Thomas, A.S. [3350] Uganda Brachiaria subquadripara K000496674 No
Larsen, K. [8004] Thailand Brachiaria subquadripara K000688066 No
Heckman, C.W. [120] Thailand Brachiaria subquadripara K000688063 No
Sorensen, Th.; Larsen, K.; Hansen, B. [3692] Thailand Brachiaria subquadripara K000688070 No
Laegaard, S. [21746] Thailand Brachiaria subquadripara K000688061 No
Barney, R.W. [1051] Tanzania Brachiaria subquadripara K000496679 No
Thomson, T. [s.n.] India Brachiaria subquadripara K000245289 Type Yes
Barney, R.W. [1056] Tanzania Brachiaria subquadripara K000496678 No
Kerr, A.F.G. [1922] Thailand Brachiaria subquadripara K000620992 No
s.coll. [s.n.] Congo, Democratic Republic of the Brachiaria subquadripara K000496680 Yes
Laegaard, S. [21612] Thailand Brachiaria subquadripara K000688072 No
Domin, K. [s.n.] Australia Brachiaria subquadripara K000958897 Unknown Type Material Yes
Lazarides, M. [7401] Thailand Brachiaria subquadripara K000688062 No
Kerr, A.F.G. [4462] Thailand Brachiaria subquadripara K000620995 No
May 13, 1931 Wight [1612] India Brachiaria distachyos K000958913 Unknown Type Material Yes
May 13, 1931 Gamble, J.S. [17629] India Brachiaria distachyos K000958910 Unknown Type Material Yes
May 13, 1931 Wight [1612] India Brachiaria distachyos K000958912 Unknown Type Material Yes
Drummond, J.R. [21156] India Brachiaria distachyos K000958911 Unknown Type Material Yes
Kerr, A.F.G. [13516] Thailand Brachiaria distachyos K000620991 No
Kerr, A.F.G. [13516] Thailand Brachiaria distachyos K000620990 No
Kloss, C.B. [s.n.] Thailand Brachiaria distachyos K000688059 No
Heckman, C.W. [124] Thailand Brachiaria distachyos K000688058 No
Mar 16, 2010 Santamaría, D.; Solano, M.; Azofeifa Zúñiga, A.; Gamboa, R.; Moraga, B. [5337] Costa Rica Urochloa subquadripara K001614119 Yes
Sep 24, 2009 Morales, J.F.; Soto, A.; Castro, J. [13581] Costa Rica Urochloa subquadripara K001614098 Yes

Sources

  • Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of the Cayman Islands

    • Flora of the Cayman Islands
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora

    • Clayton, W.D., Vorontsova, M.S., Harman, K.T. and Williamson, H. (2006 onwards). GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora.
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • IUCN Categories

    • IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images
  • Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0