Urochloa mutica (Forssk.) T.Q.Nguyen

First published in Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 3: 13 (1966)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Sahara to Angola, N. Africa to Syria, SW. Arabian Peninsula. It is a perennial and grows primarly in the desert or dry shrubland biome(s). It is used as animal food and a medicine and has environmental uses and social uses.

Distribution

Native to:

Algeria, Angola, Benin, Burkina, Cameroon, Chad, Congo, Egypt, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Gulf of Guinea Is., Ivory Coast, Lebanon-Syria, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Niger, Nigeria, Palestine, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sinai, Sudan, Togo, Tunisia, Yemen, Zaïre

Introduced into:

Alabama, Andaman Is., Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Aruba, Ascension, Assam, Azores, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Belize, Bermuda, Bolivia, Borneo, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Cambodia, Canary Is., Caroline Is., Cayman Is., China Southeast, Christmas I., Colombia, Cook Is., Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Fiji, Florida, French Guiana, Galápagos, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Hawaii, Honduras, India, Jamaica, Jawa, Kermadec Is., Leeward Is., Lesser Sunda Is., Madagascar, Madeira, Malaya, Marianas, Marquesas, Marshall Is., Maryland, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, Netherlands Antilles, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New South Wales, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Niue, Northern Territory, Oregon, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Rodrigues, Réunion, Samoa, Seychelles, Society Is., Solomon Is., Somalia, South Carolina, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Suriname, Taiwan, Tanzania, Texas, Thailand, Tonga, Trinidad-Tobago, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Vietnam, Wallis-Futuna Is., Western Australia, Windward Is.

Synonyms

Homotypic Synonyms

Heterotypic Synonyms

POWO follows these authorities in accepting this name:

  • Middleton, D.J. & al. (eds.) (2019). Flora of Singapore 7: 1-525. Singapore Botanic Gardens.

An alternative taxonomy had been proposed by the following authorities:

  • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [Cited as Brachiaria mutica.]

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies. Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Aedo, C., Tellería, M.T. & Velayos, M. (eds.) (1999). Bases Documentales para la Flora de Guinea Ecuatorial; Plantas vascularis y hongos: 1-414. CSIC, real jardín Botánico, Madrid.
  • Ahmed, Z.U. (ed.) (2008). Encyclopedia of Flora and Fauna of Bangladesh 12: 1-505. Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
  • Bosser, J. & Renvoize, S.A. (2018). Flore des Mascareignes 203: 1-276. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
  • Bosser, J. (1969). Gramiées des pasturages et des cultures a Madagascar: 1-440. ORSTOM, Paris.
  • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
  • Boulos, L. (2005). Flora of Egypt 4: 1-617. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
  • Camus, E.G. & Camus, A. in H. Lecomte (1922). Flore Générale de l'indo-Chine 1(3): 193-336.
  • Clayton, W.D. & Renvoize, S.A. (1982). Gramineae. Flora of Tropical East Africa 3: 451-898.
  • Clayton, W.D. & Snow, N. (2010). A key to Pacific Grasses: 1-107. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Cope, T.A., Knees, S.G. & Miller, A.G. (2007). Flora of the Arabian peninsula and Socotra 5(1): 1-387. Edinburgh University Press.
  • Danin, A. (2004). Distribution Atlas of Plants in the Flora Palaestina area: 1-517. The Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, Jerusalem.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Dassanayake (ed.) (1994). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 8: 1-458. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.
  • Datta, B.K., Saha, R. Roy, M. & Majumder, K. (2008). Grasses of West Tripura district, Tripura, India. Pleione 2: 98-105.
  • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flora Mesoamericana 6: 1-543. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
  • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Dy Phon, P. (2000). Dictionnaire des plantes utilisées au Cambodge: 1-915. Chez l'auteur, Phnom Penh, Cambodia.
  • Dávila, P., Mejia-Saulés, M.T., Gómez-Sánchez, N., Valdés-Reyna, J., Ortíz, J.J., Morín, C., Castrejón, J. & Ocampo, A. (2006). Catálogo de las Gramíneas de México: 1-671. CONABIO, México city.
  • Edgar, E & Connor, H.E. (2010). Flora of New Zealand, ed. 2, 5: 1-650. R.E.Owen, Government Printer, Wellington.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola. Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2003). Flora of North America North of Mexico 25: 1-781. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
  • Forzza, R.C. & al. (2013). Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2010/.
  • George, A.S., Orchard, A.E. & Hewson, H.J. (eds.) (1993). Oceanic islands 2. Flora of Australia 50: 1-606. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
  • Gilliland, H.B. (1971). A revised flora of Malaya 3: 1-319. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Singapore.
  • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia. Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
  • Girmansyah, D. & al. (eds.) (2013). Flora of Bali an annotated checklist: 1-158. Herbarium Bogorensis, Indonesia.
  • Henty, E.E. (1969). A manual of the grasses of New Guinea: 1-215. Division of Botany, Dpt. of Forests, LAE, New Guinea.
  • Hepper, F.N. (ed.) (1972). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 3(2): 277-574.
  • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  • Hubbard, C.E. & Vaughan, R.E. (1940). Grasses of Mauritius and Rodriguez: 1-128. Crown Agents for the Colonies, London.
  • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.
  • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar. Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590.
  • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Masamune, G. (1942). Enumeratio phanerogamarum Bornearum: 1-739. Taihoku, Formosa.
  • Morat, P. & Veillon, J.-M. (1985). Contributions à la conaissance de la végétation et de la flore de Wallis et Futuna. Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle. Section B, Adansonia 7: 259-329.
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  • Packer, J.E. (1974). Ascension Handbook. A concise guide to Ascension Island South Atlantic ed. 2 Packer, Georgetown.
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  • Renvoize, S.A. (1998). Gramineas de Bolivia: 1-644. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Robertson, S.A. (1989). Flowering Plants of Seychelles: 1-327. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Robyns, W. (1934). Flore Agrostologique du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 2: 9-386. Goemaere, Bruxelles.
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  • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon. Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
  • Sykes, W.R. (2016). Flora of the Cook Islands: 1-973. National Tropical Botanical Garden, Hawaii.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) (1995). Flora of Somalia 4: i-ii, 1-298. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
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  • Walker, E.H. (1976). Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu islands: 1-1159. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C., U.S.A.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae. Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
  • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348. Missouri Botanical Garden.

Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R., & Celis, M. (eds.). (2020). Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia. v1.1. Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Dataset/Checklist. https://doi.org/10.15472/7avdhn
  • Cámara-Leret, R., & Dennehy, Z. (2019). Information gaps in indigenous and local knowledge for science-policy assessments. Nature Sustainability 2:736-741.
  • Diazgranados et al. (2021). Catalogue of plants of Colombia. Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia project. In prep.
  • Diazgranados, M., Allkin, B., Black N., Cámara-Leret, R., Canteiro C., Carretero J., Eastwood R., Hargreaves S., Hudson A., Milliken W., Nesbitt, M., Ondo, I., Patmore, K., Pironon, S., Turner, R., Ulian, T. (2020). World Checklist of Useful Plant Species. Produced by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Knowledge Network for Biocomplexity.
  • GBIF.org (2021). GBIF species matching tool. https://www.gbif.org/tools/species-lookup
  • Medicinal Plant Names Services (MPNS) v.10 (2021); http://mpns.kew.org/

Other Data

Other Kew resources that provide information on this taxon:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Hinton, G.B. [6880], Guerrero K000476062 No
Hinton, G.B. [5168], México State K000476061 No
Jan 1, 1961 Kmoch [157], Burkina Faso Brachiaria mutica K000211825 No
Jan 1, 1961 Hagerup, O. [415], Mali Brachiaria mutica K000211828 No
Jan 1, 1961 Chevalier, A.J.B. [26019], Mali Brachiaria mutica K000211833 No
Grupo Pedra do Cavalo [78], Bahia Brachiaria mutica K000003870 Yes
Eiten, G. [4899], Brazil Brachiaria mutica K000003869 Yes
Eiten, G. [4899], Brazil Brachiaria mutica K000003868 Yes
Mori, S.A. [10093], Bahia Brachiaria mutica K000003867 Yes
Eiten, G. [4961], Bahia Brachiaria mutica K000003866 Yes
Carvalho, A.M. [3175], Bahia Brachiaria mutica K000003865 Yes
Gardner [0], Pernambuco Brachiaria mutica K000003864 Yes
Salzmann [s.n.], Bahia Brachiaria mutica K000003863 isotype Yes
Zollinger, H. [416], Jawa Brachiaria mutica K000290239 isotype Yes
Walker [s.n.], Sri Lanka Brachiaria mutica K000245290 Unknown type material Yes
Wight [2039], Sri Lanka Brachiaria mutica K000245465 Unknown type material Yes
Schimper [895], Ethiopia Brachiaria mutica K000282228 Yes
unknown [29], Egypt Brachiaria mutica K000244734 Yes
Laegaard [21883], Thailand Brachiaria mutica K000688073 No
Botanical Section, Bangkok [s.n.], Thailand Brachiaria mutica K000688074 No
Dee [8536], Thailand Brachiaria mutica K000688077 No
Smitinand, T. [4535], Thailand Brachiaria mutica K000688078 No
Pohl [1157], Brazil Brachiaria mutica K000309377 Yes
Matthes, H.D.r. [13], Mali Brachiaria mutica K000211834 No
P.J.M [372], Brazil Brachiaria mutica K001102320 Yes
Dusén, P. [14545], Brazil Brachiaria mutica K001102408 Yes
Riedel [s.n.], Brazil Brachiaria mutica K000309375 Yes
s.coll. [605], Mali Brachiaria mutica K000211832 No
Tweedie [s.n.], Brazil Brachiaria mutica K001102323 Yes
Sorensen, Th. [2030], Thailand Brachiaria mutica K000688076 No
Hatschbach, G. [34360], Brazil Brachiaria mutica K001102410 Yes
Maitland, T.D. [69B], Cameroon Brachiaria mutica K000182463 No
Kerr, A.F.G. [11102], Thailand Brachiaria mutica K000620999 No
Kerr, A.F.G. [11102], Thailand Brachiaria mutica K000621000 No
Glaziou, A. [6963], Brazil Brachiaria mutica K001102308 Yes
Burchell [9692], Brazil Brachiaria mutica K001102326 Yes
Spruce, R. [78], Brazil Brachiaria mutica K001102324 Yes
Glaziou, A. [s.n.], Brazil Brachiaria mutica K001102317 Yes
Ornellas, S.A. [s.n.], Brazil Brachiaria mutica K001102415 Yes
Smitinand, T. [3134], Thailand Brachiaria mutica K000688079 No
Klein, R. [1995], Brazil Brachiaria mutica K001102315 Yes
Kozera, C. [1646], Brazil Brachiaria mutica K001102414 Yes
Reitz [2993], Brazil Brachiaria mutica K001102316 Yes
Archer, W.A. [7929], Brazil Brachiaria mutica K001102318 Yes
Nascimento, M.S.B. [1334], Brazil Brachiaria mutica K001102312 Yes
Pohl [1155], Brazil Brachiaria mutica K000309376 Yes
Hatschbach, G. [21399], Brazil Brachiaria mutica K001102411 Yes
Nascimento, M.S.B. [1378], Brazil Brachiaria mutica K001102311 Yes
Heath, J. [5], Mali Brachiaria mutica K000211827 No
Ball, J. [s.n.], Brazil Brachiaria mutica K001102325 Yes
Glaziou, A. [18623], Brazil Brachiaria mutica K001102418 Yes
Handro, O. [111], Brazil Brachiaria mutica K001102319 Yes
Setenareski, J.E. [s.n.], Brazil Brachiaria mutica K001102413 Yes
Glaziou, A. [18623], Brazil Brachiaria mutica K001102306 Yes
Ule, E. [5887], Brazil Brachiaria mutica K001102321 Yes
Nascimento, M.S.B. [1244], Brazil Brachiaria mutica K001102304 Yes
Ridley [144], Brazil Brachiaria mutica K001102305 Yes
Carauta, J.P.P. [3786], Brazil Brachiaria mutica K001102417 Yes
Spruce, R. [s.n.], Ecuador Brachiaria mutica K000201685 Yes
Gardner [855], Brazil Brachiaria mutica K001102322 Yes
Dombrowski, L.T. [4718], Brazil Brachiaria mutica K001102409 Yes
Hoehne, W. [s.n.], Brazil Brachiaria mutica K001102314 Yes
Adam, J.-.G. [15373], Mali Brachiaria mutica K000211831 No
s.coll. [202], Brazil Brachiaria mutica K001102307 Yes
Spruce [909], Brazil Brachiaria mutica K001102327 Yes
Kerr, A.F.G. [20445], Thailand Brachiaria mutica K000621001 No
Burchell [1661], Brazil Brachiaria mutica K001102310 Yes
Dombrowski, L.T. [3571], Brazil Brachiaria mutica K001102412 Yes
Heath, J. [3], Mali Brachiaria mutica K000211826 No
Sorensen, Th. [7], Thailand Brachiaria mutica K000688075 No
Glaziou, A. [6782/6963], Brazil Brachiaria mutica K001102309 Yes
Bona Nascimento, M.S. [1314], Brazil Brachiaria mutica K001102313 Yes
Spruce [1430], Brazil Brachiaria mutica K001102328 Yes
Skvortzov, B. [318], Brazil Brachiaria mutica K001102416 Yes

Sources

  • Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible

    • ColPlantA 2021. Published on the Internet at http://colplanta.org
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • Flora of Somalia

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    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
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    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of West Tropical Africa

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    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
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    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
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    • © Copyright 2022 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
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    • Copyright applied to individual images
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    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
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    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0