Clusia flava Jacq.

First published in Enum. Syst. Pl.: 34 (1760)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Mexico to Central America, Caribbean to NE. Venezuela. It is a shrub or tree and grows primarily in the wet tropical biome.

Descriptions

George R. Proctor (2012). Flora of the Cayman Isands (Second Edition). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew

Vernacular
BALSAM
Morphology General Habit
A diffuse shrub or small tree up to 9 m tall, terrestrial or epiphytic.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves leathery, on short petioles, cuneate-obovate, 6–16 cm long, with numerous lateral veins ascending at an angle of 45° or narrower
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Staminate inflorescence recurved, with usually 2–7 flowers; stamens inserted on a receptacle, crowded, free, the sterile ovary with 4 3- rayed stigmas
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Pistillate flowers usually solitary on a recurved pedicel; staminodes 8–12 in 4 bundles, free, bearing anthers; stigmas 12. Bracteoles sepal-like, decreasing in size gradually downward
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 4, 9–11 mm long; petals 4, opposite the sepals, pale yellow and very thick, 2–2.5 cm long, one pair larger than the other
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule about 12- locular, subglobose.
Distribution
Grand Cayman, Cayman Brac. Jamaica and C. America.
Ecology
In rocky woodlands.
Recognition
The Cayman Brac trees have leaves noticeably smaller than those of Grand Cayman.
[Cayman]

Extinction risk predictions for the world's flowering plants to support their conservation (2024). Bachman, S.P., Brown, M.J.M., Leão, T.C.C., Lughadha, E.N., Walker, B.E. https://nph.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/nph.19592

Conservation
Predicted extinction risk: not threatened. Confidence: confident
[AERP]

IUCN Red List of Threatened Species https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/136788605/136788607

Conservation
LC - least concern
[IUCN]

Sources

  • Angiosperm Extinction Risk Predictions v1

    • Angiosperm Threat Predictions
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
  • Flora of the Cayman Islands

    • Flora of the Cayman Islands
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • IUCN Categories

    • IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0