Dovyalis E.Mey. ex Arn.

First published in J. Bot. (Hooker) 3: 251 (1841)
This genus is accepted
The native range of this genus is Tropical & S. Africa, Sri Lanka.


Native to:

Angola, Benin, Burundi, Cabinda, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Central African Repu, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Liberia, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Socotra, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Cook Is., Cuba, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Hawaii, Marianas, New Caledonia, Puerto Rico, St.Helena


Heterotypic Synonyms


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POWO follows these authorities in accepting this name:

  • Govaerts, R. (2000). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS D: 1-30141.
  • Killick, D.J.B. (1976). Flacourtiaceae (including Samydaceae). Flora of Southern Africa 22: 53-92. Botanical Research Institute, Department of Agriculture.

Kew Bulletin

  • Bachman, S., Moat, J., Hill, A. W., de la Torre, J. & Scott, B. (2011). Supporting Red List threat assess­ments with GeoCAT: geospatial conservation assess­ment tool. ZooKeys 150: 117 - 126.
  • Beentje, H. (1994). Kenya Trees, Shrubs and Lianas. National Museums of Kenya, Nairobi, Kenya.
  • BirdLife International (2013). Biodiversity Status and Trends Report for the Eastern Arc Mountains and Coastal Forests of Kenya and Tanzania region, 2012. BirdLife International — Africa Partnership Secretariat, Nairobi, Kenya.
  • BirdLife International (2016). Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheets. Downloaded from on30/09/2016.
  • Chase, M.W., Zmarzty,S., Lledo, M. D., Wurdack, K. J., Swenson, S. M. & Fay, M. F. (2002). When in doubt put it in Flacourtiaceae: a molecular phylogenetic analysis based on rbcL DNA sequences. Kew Bull. 57: 141 - 181.
  • Cheek, M. & Ngolan, R. (2006). A reassessment of the Dovyalis spinosissima (Flacourtiacae — Salicaceae) complex in Africa, with a new species from Cameroon. Kew Bull. 61: 595 - 600.
  • IUCN (2012). IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria: Version 3.1, Second Edition IUCN, Gland and Cambridge. Mittermeier, R. A., Robles Gil, P., Hoffman, M.,
  • Pilgrim, J., Brooks, T., Mittermeier, C. G., Lamoreux, J. & Da Fonsca, G. A. B. (2005). Hotspots Revisited: Earth's Biologically Richest and Most Endan­gered Terrestrial Ecoregions. Conservation Internation­al, Washington D.C.
  • Sleumer, H. (1972). A taxonomic revision ofthe genus Dovyalis E. Mey. ex Arn. (Flacourtiaceae). Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 92: 64 - 89.
  • Sleumer, H. (1975). Flacourtiaceae. In: R. Polhill (ed.), Flora of Tropical East Africa. Published on behalf of the East African community by the Crown Agents for Oversea Governments and Administrations, London.

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Gilg in Engl. Bot. Jahrb. 40: 504 (1908).
  • in Hook. Journ. Bot. 3: 251 (1841)

Flora Zambesiaca

  • in Hook., Journ. Bot. 3: 251 (1841).

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 1, (1993) Author: by M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]
  • Sleumer in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 92: 64–89 (1972).

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Gilg in E. & P. Pf., ed. 2, 21: 440 (1925)
  • Sleumer in E.J. 92: 64 (1972)
  • in Hook., Journ. Bot. 3: 251 (1841)

Other Data

Other Kew resources that provide information on this taxon:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Oct 1, 2003 Etuge, M. [1713] Cameroon K000008959 Yes
Oct 1, 2003 Gosline, G. [250] Cameroon K000008964 Yes
Oct 1, 2003 Letouzey, R. [14537] Cameroon K000106141 Yes
Oct 1, 2003 Cheek, M. [7049] Cameroon K000008962 Yes
Oct 1, 2003 Lane, P. [181] Cameroon K000008961 Yes
Oct 1, 2003 Etuge, M. [1449] Cameroon K000008963 Yes
Oct 1, 2003 Cable, S. [835] Cameroon K000008957 Yes
Oct 1, 2003 Groves, M. [85] Cameroon K000008960 Yes
Jan 1, 1994 Tchouto (Mbatchou), P. [620] Cameroon K000198680 Yes
Jan 1, 1985 Schimper [1594] Ethiopia K000231247 Yes
Eyles, F. [8779] Zimbabwe K:SPC-09032.000 No
Milne-Redhead, E.; Taylor, P. [9124] Tanzania K:SPC-38463.000 No
Fay, J.M.; Harris, D.J. [8530] Central African Republic K:SPC-55642.000 No
Onochie, C.F.A. [FHI 5246] Nigeria K:SPC-29133.000 No
K:SPC-64652.000 No
Timberlake, J. [s.n.] Malawi K000614772 No
Onochie, C.F.A. [FHI 40264] Nigeria K:SPC-28489.000 No
Timberlake, J. [s.n.] Malawi K000614790 No
Pollard, B.J.; Yama; Chia; Suinyui; Monju; Ndofor [1156] Cameroon K:SPC-77354.000 No
Zambia K:SPC-39226.000 No
South Africa K000231239 Unknown Type Material Yes
Drege [s.n.] South Africa K000231240 Syntype Yes
Onochie, C.F.A. [FHI 40264] Nigeria K:SPC-30701.000 No
Acocks, J.P.H. [11044] South Africa K000374136 Yes
Harris, D.J.; Fay, J.M. [1400] Central African Republic K:SPC-63740.000 No
Letouzey, R. [15029] Cameroon K000106140 No
Dawkins, H.C. [586] Uganda K:SPC-16465.000 No
Sebsebe; Demissew [5000] Cameroon K000008958 Yes
Drege [s.n.] South Africa K000231238 Unknown Type Material Yes


  • Flora Zambesiaca

    • Flora Zambesiaca
  • Flora of Somalia

    • Flora of Somalia
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at and
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants.
  • Kew Bulletin

    • Kew Bulletin
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at and
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants.