Gladiolus italicus Mill.

First published in Gard. Dict., ed. 8.: n.° 2 (1768)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Macaronesia, Medit. to Central Asia. It is a tuberous geophyte and grows primarily in the subtropical biome.

Distribution

Native to:

Albania, Algeria, Azores, Baleares, Bulgaria, Canary Is., Corse, Cyprus, East Aegean Is., Egypt, France, Greece, Gulf States, Iran, Italy, Kriti, Krym, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Morocco, North Caucasus, Oman, Palestine, Portugal, Romania, Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, Sicilia, Sinai, Spain, Tadzhikistan, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Yemen, Yugoslavia

Extinct in:

Switzerland

Introduced into:

California, Madeira

Synonyms

Heterotypic Synonyms

Classification

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PAFTOL

POWO follows these authorities in accepting this name:

  • Boulos, L. (1995). Flora of Egypt: i-xii, 1-287. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Colasante, M.A. (2014). Iridaceae presenti in Italia: 1-415. Sapienza, Università Editrice, Roma.
  • Danin, A. (2004). Distribution Atlas of Plants in the Flora Palaestina Area: 404-410. Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities.
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2002). Flora of North America North of Mexico 26: 1-723. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS G: 1-40325.
  • Güner, A. (ed.) (2022). Resimli Türkiye Florası (Illustrated Flora of Turkey) 3a: 1-868. ANG Vakfı/Nezahat Gökyiğit Botanik Bahçesi, Istambul.
  • Komiljon, T., Natalya, B., Avazbek, B., Dilnoza, A., Ziyoviddin, Y., Deng, T. & Sun, H. (2020). Flora of the Dzhizak Province, Uzbekistan: 1-523. China Forestry Publishing House.
  • Meikle, R.D. (1985). Flora of Cyprus 2: 833-1970. The Bentham-Moxon Trust Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Mikheev, A. (2006). Synopsis generis Gladiolus L. (Iridaceae) specierum in flora caucasi. Novosti Sistematiki Vysshikh Rastenii 38: 120-125.
  • Muer, T., Sauerbier, H. & Cabrara Calixto, F. (2020). Die Farn- und Blütenpflanzen Madeiras: 1-792. Verlag und Versandbuchhandlung Andreas Kleinsteuber.
  • Schäfer, H. (2021). Flora of the Azores a field guide: 1-445. Margraf Publishers GmbH.
  • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006). Konspekt Flora Kavkaza 2: 1-466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.
  • Tison, J.-M. & Girod, C. (2014). Synopsis du genre Gladiolus L. (Iridaceae) en France. Journal de Botanique Société de Botanique de France 68: 69-75.
  • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1980). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.
  • Zervous, S., Raus, T. & Yannitsaros, A. (2009). Additons to the flora of the island of Kalimnos (SE Aegean, Greece). Willdenowia 39: 165-177.

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Boulos, L. (1995). Flora of Egypt: i-xii, 1-287. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2002). Flora of North America North of Mexico 26: 1-723. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
  • Güner, A. (ed.) (2022). Resimli Türkiye Florası (Illustrated Flora of Turkey) 3a: 1-868. ANG Vakfı/Nezahat Gökyiğit Botanik Bahçesi, Istambul.
  • Meikle, R.D. (1985). Flora of Cyprus 2: 833-1970. The Bentham-Moxon Trust Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Merkodovich, N.A. (ed.) (1941). Flora Uzbekistana 1: 1-566. Izd-va Akademii nauk Uzbekskoi SSR, Tashkent.
  • Ovczinnikov, P.N. (ed.) (1963). Flora Tadzhikskoi SSR 2: 1-454. Izd-vo Akademii nauk SSSR, Moskva.
  • Press, J.R. & Short, M.J. (eds.) (1994). Flora of Madeira: i-xviii, 1-574. HMSO.

Other Data

Other Kew resources that provide information on this taxon:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Jan 1, 1982 Rawi, A.; Jalili, R.; Armet, V. [11200] Kuwait K000459747 No
Jan 1, 1981 Kennedy, E.W. [241] Cyprus K000459764 Yes
Jan 1, 1981 MacDonald, N. [46] Cyprus K000459765 Yes
Jan 1, 1981 Meikle, R.D. [2269] Cyprus K000459762 Yes
Jan 1, 1981 Meikle, R.D. [2595] Cyprus K000459766 Yes
Jan 1, 1981 [Synframids] [253] Cyprus K000459763 Yes
Jan 1, 1980 Hennipman, E.; Nijhoff, P.; Swennen, C.; Tulp, A.S.; Vader, W.J.M.; de Wilde, W.J.J.O. [1136] Turkey K000459759 Yes
Jan 1, 1980 Davis; Hedge [26986] Turkey K000459758 Yes
Jan 1, 1980 Davis, P.H. [5960] Lebanon K000283316 Yes
Jan 1, 1980 Curson, M. [s.n.] Egypt K000459744 No
Jan 1, 1980 Dabis; Hedge [26722] Turkey K000459755 Yes
Jan 1, 1980 Davis, P.H. [6333A] Lebanon K000283315 Yes
Jan 1, 1980 Davis; Hedge [29055] Turkey K000459760 Yes
Jan 1, 1980 Hennipman, E.; Nijhoff, P.; Swennen, C.; Tulp, A.S.; Vader, W.J.M.; de Wilde, W.J.J.O. [1536] Turkey K000459761 Yes
Jan 1, 1980 Davis [42885] Turkey K000459752 Yes
Jan 1, 1980 Baytop, A. [9535] Turkey K000459753 Yes
Jan 1, 1980 Dudley [35077] Turkey K000459756 Yes
Jan 1, 1980 Davies, P.H. [9168] Jordan K000318268 Yes
Jan 1, 1980 Polunin, O. [915] Turkey K000459757 Yes
Jan 1, 1980 Dabis; Hedge [28890] Turkey K000459754 Yes
Jan 1, 1976 Radcliffe-Smith, A. [4152] Oman K000459746 No
Jan 1, 1974 Pennington, R.V. [200] Albania K000459772 Yes
Jan 1, 1973 Furse, P. [1180] Iran K000459739 Yes
Jan 1, 1973 Archibald, J.C. [1899] Iran K000459740 Yes
Jan 1, 1973 Wright, H.E.; Bent, A.M. [208] Iran K000459738 Yes
Jan 1, 1932 Dinsmore, J.E. [666] Jordan K000318269 Yes
Jan 1, 1919 Wright, H.E.; Bent, A.M. [301] Iran K000459737 Yes
Wright, C.A. [579] Malta K000459773 Yes
Birkinshaw, D. [120] Lebanon K000283311 Yes
Blanchard, H. [896] North Macedonia K000459774 Yes
Birkinshaw, D. [115] Lebanon K000283313 Yes
Collenette, I.S. [6074] Saudi Arabia K000459749 No
Makinson, D.J. [79] Lebanon K000283317 Yes
Al-Dabbagh, F.K.; Hamad, K. [44772] Iraq K000459735 Yes
Birkinshaw, D. [76] Lebanon K000283312 Yes
Collenette, I.S. [6074] Saudi Arabia K000459748 No
Polunin, O. [5280] Lebanon K000283314 Yes
Kotschy [1841] Syria K000459722 Yes
Jan 1, 1981 Atherton, G.E. [1272] Cyprus Gladiolus segetum K000459767 Yes
Jan 1, 1980 Baytop, T. [24577] Turkey Gladiolus segetum K000459751 Yes
Jan 1, 1977 Rogers, F.A. [037] Iraq Gladiolus segetum K000459736 Yes
Jan 1, 1973 Furse, P.; Synge, A.H.M. [539] Iran Gladiolus segetum K000459741 Yes
Jan 1, 1973 Alkas, J. [18541] Iraq Gladiolus segetum K000459728 Yes
Jan 1, 1973 Grey-Wilson, C.; Hewer, T.F. [235] Iran Gladiolus segetum K000459742 Yes
Jan 1, 1973 Cuelcuey, E.J. [3837] Iraq Gladiolus segetum K000459726 Yes
Jan 1, 1973 Robertson, V.C. [1031] Iraq Gladiolus segetum K000459725 Yes
Jan 1, 1973 Rawi, A. [12179] Iraq Gladiolus segetum K000459734 Yes
Jan 1, 1973 Rawi, A. [6915] Iraq Gladiolus segetum K000459733 Yes
Jan 1, 1973 Alkas, J. [18622] Iraq Gladiolus segetum K000459727 Yes
Jan 1, 1973 Gillett, J.B. [7930] Iraq Gladiolus segetum K000459731 Yes
Jan 1, 1973 Gibbons, R.B.; Gibbons, L. [95] Afghanistan Gladiolus segetum K000459743 Yes
Jan 1, 1973 Barkley, F.A. [5844] Iraq Gladiolus segetum K000459729 Yes
Jan 1, 1973 al-Rawi, A. [18125] Iraq Gladiolus segetum K000459732 Yes
s.coll. [612] Portugal Gladiolus segetum K000459768 No
Atchley, S.C. [466] Portugal Gladiolus segetum K000459770 Yes
Gillett [7752] Iraq Gladiolus segetum K000459730 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] Gladiolus segetum K000802650 Unknown Type Material Yes
s.coll. [303] Jordan Gladiolus segetum K000318270 Yes
Meyers, F.S.; Dinsmore, J.E. [1666] Gaza Strip Gladiolus segetum K000459723 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] Gladiolus segetum K000802649 Unknown Type Material Yes
Sandwith, N.Y. [5233] Spain Gladiolus segetum K:SPC-24266.000 No
Chaytor, A. [71] Spain Gladiolus segetum K000459769 No
Kennedy, R.B. [217] Spain Gladiolus segetum K000459771 Yes
Bradberry [2075] Egypt Gladiolus segetum K000459745 No
Woronow, G. [s.n.] Azerbaijan Gladiolus segetum K000459750 Yes
Gladiolus segetum K:SPC-32643.000 No

Sources

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • IUCN Categories

    • IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images