Xymalos Baill.

This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa.

[FZ]

Monimiaceae, B.L. Stannard. Flora Zambesiaca 9:2. 1997

Morphology General Habit
Small trees or shrubs, glabrous except for the inflorescence.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves opposite or subopposite.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences axillary, solitary or paired racemes or panicles, yellowish- or greyish-tomentose; bracts ovate to triangular.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Male flowers: perianth 4–6-lobed; lobes rounded to ovate or lanceolate; stamens free, anthers dehiscing longitudinally; rudimentary ovary absent. Flowers very small. Female flowers: perianth 3–5-lobed; staminodes absent; ovary of 1 carpel; ovules solitary, pendulous, anatropous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit fleshy, ovoid or ellipsoid, crowned by the persistent stigma.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds compressed-ellipsoidal.
Distribution
A monotypic genus occurring in tropical and South Africa.

[FTEA]

Monimiaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1968

Morphology General Habit
Shrubs or small trees, almost entirely glabrous save for the inflorescences
Morphology Leaves
Leaves opposite or subopposite, subcoriaceous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers unisexual in axillary, solitary or paired velvety pubescent racemes or panicles Male flowers: perianth 4–6-lobed; lobes ovate or lanceolate; stamens 10–15; anthers subsessile; rudimentary ovary nil Female flowers: perianth 3–5-lobed; ovary of 1 carpel, obovoid, glabrous, a ring of hairs around its base; ovule solitary, pendulous; stigma thick, discoid
sex Male
Male flowers: perianth 4–6-lobed; lobes ovate or lanceolate; stamens 10–15; anthers subsessile; rudimentary ovary nil
sex Female
Female flowers: perianth 3–5-lobed; ovary of 1 carpel, obovoid, glabrous, a ring of hairs around its base; ovule solitary, pendulous; stigma thick, discoid
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit ovoid, fleshy, 1-seeded.

Native to:

Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Gulf of Guinea Is., Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Xymalos Baill. appears in other Kew resources:

First published in Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Paris 1: 650 (1886)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R., Nic Lughadha, E., Black, N., Turner, R. & Paton, A. (2021). The World Checklist of Vascular Plants, a continuously updated resource for exploring global plant diversity. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41597-021-00997-6 Scientific Data 8: 215.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • —F.T.A. 6, 1: 167.

Flora Zambesiaca

  • W.R. Philipson in Kubitzki et al., Fam. Gen. Vasc. Pl. 2: 426 (1993).
  • in Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Paris 1: 650 (1887).

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • in Bull. Soc. Linn. Paris 1: 650 (1887)

  • Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0