Family:
Juncaceae Juss.
Genus:
Juncus L.

Juncus oxycarpus E.Mey. ex Kunth

This species is accepted, and its native range is Eritrea to S. Africa.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Tufted perennial, sometimes decumbent and rooting and branching at the nodes; stems 10–30 cm long
Morphology Leaves
Leaves 3–5 per stem; blades 5–25 cm long and 1–3 mm thick, cylindric, transversely septate; sheaths green or greyish brown, wide
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence of one sessile globose head of flowers usually subtended by 1–5 stalked heads, and sometimes with additional stalked heads from the base of some stalked primary heads, giving a total of up to 10–20 heads; heads 8–15 mm in diam., often consisting of 20 or more flowers
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Tepal
Tepals equal, 3.5–4.5 mm long, acute, green to light brown when young, turning dark reddish brown when mature
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule 2.5–3.5 mm long, oblong with apiculate apex, rather shiny, usually light brown below and dark reddish brown to almost black above
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds 0.35–0.45 mm long, ovoid, reticulate.
Distribution
N2 Ethiopia, East Africa and southwards to the Cape.
Ecology
Altitude range 1300–1500 m.

Native to:

Angola, Botswana, Burundi, Cape Provinces, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Free State, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Juncus oxycarpus E.Mey. ex Kunth appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Jan 1, 2002 Burchell, W.J. [672], South Africa K000307594 syntype Yes
Jan 1, 2002 Drege [s.n.], South Africa K000307595 syntype Yes
Jan 1, 2002 Drege [s.n.], South Africa K000307596 syntype Yes
May 1, 2000 Cheek, M. [9797], Cameroon K000678176 No
May 1, 2000 Cheek, M. [9818], Cameroon K000678177 No
Aug 11, 1977 Conrath, P. [1173], South Africa K000345822 Unknown type material Yes
Mar 6, 1963 Quartin-Dillon [s.n.], Ethiopia K000345815 isotype Yes
Ethiopia K000345816 isotype Yes
Schlechter, F.R.R. [3043], South Africa K000345823 isotype Yes

First published in Enum. Pl. 3: 336 (1841)

Accepted by

  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Kirschner, J. & al. (2002). Juncaceae Species Plantarum: Flora of the World 6-8: 1-237, 1-336,1-192. Australian Biological Resources Study, Canberra.
  • Retief, E. & Meyer, N.L. (2017). Plants of the Free State inventory and identification guide Strelitzia 38: 1-1236. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Timberlake, J.R. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2010). Flora Zambesiaca 13(4): 1-151. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Kirschner, J. & al. (2002). Juncaceae Species Plantarum: Flora of the World 6-8: 1-237, 1-336,1-192. Australian Biological Resources Study, Canberra.
  • Retief, E. & Meyer, N.L. (2017). Plants of the Free State inventory and identification guide Strelitzia 38: 1-1236. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Timberlake, J.R. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2010). Flora Zambesiaca 13(4): 1-151. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 4, (1995) Author: by K. A. Lye [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

  • Flora of Somalia

    Flora of Somalia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0