Skip to main content
This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa, Arabian Peninsula.
Endostemon tereticaulis (Poir.) M.R.Ashby

[FWTA]

Labiatae, J. K. Morton. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

Morphology General Habit
A low bushy herb up to about 1 ft. high, woody below, strongly aromatic
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Magenta flowers.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Subshrub or woody herb, perennial or sometimes annual, 0.1–0.6 m tall, often much branched, ± pubescent with greyish hairs
Morphology Leaves
Leaves shortly petiolate; blade oblong, oblanceolate or obovate, up to 12–55 × 5–15 mm, 2–5 times as long as wide, apex rounded or obtuse, margin crenate or serrate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Cymes (1–)2–3-flowered; pedicels 2–3 mm long, flattened
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits Fruiting calyx
Fruiting calyx tubular or slightly narrowed towards the mouth, slightly upcurved, 4–6.5 mm long, closed by the lateral and lower lobes pressed against the upper lobe, glabrous in the throat; lateral lobes obliquely truncate to rounded, as long as or slightly shorter than the lower lobes
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla 4-lobed, 3–6 mm long, only slightly longer than the calyx, deep purple or violet; limb 3–4 mm in diam.; upper lobe emarginate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nutlets oblong to obovoid, 1.5–2.3 × 0.7–1 mm long, subtruncate at the apex, minutely rugose, brown, producing mucilage when wet.
Distribution
N1–3; C1, 2; S1–3 Arabian peninsula, throughout tropical Africa, west to Senegal and south to Transvaal and Namibia.
Ecology
Altitude range 100–1300 m.

[FTEA]

Lamiaceae (Labiatae), A.J. Paton, G. Bramley, O. Ryding, R.M. Polhill, Y.B. Harvey, M. Iwarsson, F. Willis, P.B. Phillipson, K. Balkwill, C.W. Lukhoba, D.F. Otieno, & R.M. Harley. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2009

Type
Type: West Tropical Africa, Herb. Desfontaines (FI, holo., photo.!)
Morphology General Habit
Aromatic, annual or short-lived perennial woody herb 15–40 cm tall, with a taproot
Morphology Stem
Stems erect, rounded-quadrangular, much branched, sometimes forming cushions, woody below, epidermis sometimes peeling at base, pubescent with hairs mostly antrorse, sometimes patent
Morphology Leaves
Leaves petiolate; blades narrowly elliptic, elliptic or obovate, 0.5–3.5 × 0.2–1.5 cm, crenate, apex rounded or obtuse, base cuneate or shortly attenuate, pubescent and with sessile glands; petiole 1–8 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence lax, with 4–6 but usually 6-flowered verticils 5–15 mm apart, basal internode much shorter than other inflorescence internodes being only 1–2 mm long; bracts leaf-like or smaller, longer than 3 mm, erect above forming an apical coma, horizontal below, exceeding the midpoint of the fruiting calyx; pedicels ascending or erect, 2–3 mm long, flattened
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 2–4 mm long at anthesis, villose with sessile glands; fruiting calyx tubular, downward-pointing, 4–6 mm long; throat glabrous, closed by the convergent linear, obliquely truncate to rounded lateral lobes and median lanceolate lobes of the anterior lip, pressing against the posterior lip; posterior lip 2–3 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla purplish, 3–6 mm long; tube 2–3 mm long, straight, parallelsided, dilating at throat, less than twice the length of the calyx tube; lobes 4, with sessile glands, posterior lobe broader, emarginate, sometimes deeply so
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nutlets brown, narrowly ovoid with rounded apex, 2 mm long, smooth, producing mucilage when wet
Figures
Fig 31: 1–4, p 197
Ecology
Short grassland, coastal and Acacia-Commiphora bushland, often on red sandy soil or on black cotton soil; 30–1300 m
Conservation
Least concern; widespread
Distribution
Range: Throughout tropical Africa, south to South Africa, Arabia Flora districts: U1 U3 K1 K2 K3 K4 K6 K7 T1 T2 T3 T6

Native to:

Angola, Botswana, Burkina, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Northern Provinces, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe

Endostemon tereticaulis (Poir.) M.R.Ashby appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jan 1, 2010 Heath [1964], Botswana K000249877
Jan 1, 1992 Davey, J. [83], Sudan K000509504
Tweedie [2041], Kenya 1234.000
Drummond, R.B. [2272], Tanzania 15288.000

First published in J. Bot. 74: 129 (1936)

Accepted by

  • Calane da Silva, M., Izdine, S. & Amuse, A.B. (2004). A Preliminary Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Mozambique: 1-184. SABONET, Pretoria.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lebrun, J.-P. (1998). Catalogue des plantes de la Mauritanie et du Sahara Occidental Boissiera 55: 1-322.
  • Lebrun, J.P., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Paton, A.J., Bramley, G., Ryding, O., Polhill, R., Harvey, Y., Iwarsson, M., Willis, F., Phillipson, P., Balkwill, K., Lukhoba, C., Otiend, D & Harley (2009). Lamiaceae (Labiatae) Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-430.
  • Paton, A.J., Bramley, G., Ryding, O., Polhill, R.M., Harvey, Y.B., Iwarsson, M., Otieno, D., Balkwill, K., Phillipson, P.B., Harley, R.M. & Willis, F. (2013). Flora Zambesiaca 8(8): 1-346. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) (2006). Flora of Somalia 3: 1-626. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • in J. Bot. 74: 129 (1936).

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Lebrun, J.P., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, (2000) Author: by O. Ryding [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • E.P.A.: 852 (1963)
  • F.W.T.A. ed. 2, 2: 453 (1963)
  • Fl. Eth. 5: 579 (2006)
  • Fl. Somalia 3: 343 (2006).
  • J.B. 74: 129 (1936)
  • K.B. 49: 711 (1994)
  • U.K.W.F. ed. 2: 289, t. 126 (1994)

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Plants and People Africa
Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
© Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/