Skip to main content
This species is accepted, and its native range is W. Tanzania to S. Tropical Africa.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FTEA]

Lamiaceae (Labiatae), A.J. Paton, G. Bramley, O. Ryding, R.M. Polhill, Y.B. Harvey, M. Iwarsson, F. Willis, P.B. Phillipson, K. Balkwill, C.W. Lukhoba, D.F. Otieno, & R.M. Harley. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2009

Type
Type: Angola, Huila, around Lopollo, Welwitsch 5472 (BM!, COI!, K!, LISU, iso.)
Morphology General Habit
Aromatic perennial herb 20–60 cm tall with several annual or perennial stems arising from a thick woody rootstock with tuberous roots
Morphology Stem
Stems erect, quadrangular or rounded-quadrangular, leafy or without leaves, branching above, woody at base with epidermis sometimes peeling in strips below, sparsely to densely pubescent with spreading glandular and eglandular hairs
Morphology Leaves
Leaves petiolate, often ascending, ovate, 0.5–5 × 0.5–4 cm, serrate or crenate, dentations sometimes apiculate, apex acute, obtuse or rounded, base broadly cuneate or attenuate, pubescent and with sessile glands; petioles 0–5 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence terminal or lateral with 4–6-flowered verticils 10–25 mm apart; bracts often purplish, elliptic or narrowly ovate, up to 6 × 2 mm, erect above, often forming an apical coma, deciduous below; pedicels 4–5 mm long, terete, spreading
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx often purplish, 4–5 mm long at anthesis, pubescent with sessile glands; fruiting calyx shortly tubular; throat open in fruit, glabrous, 8–11 mm long; teeth of anterior lip lanceolate, posterior margin of lateral lobe not extended towards the posterior lip
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla pink or mauve, 7–11 mm long; tube straight, 6–10 mm long, parallel-sided, dilating at throat; 4-lobed, posterior lobe emarginate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary pubescent at apex
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nutlets 2 mm long, narrowly ovoid in outline, triangular in cross section, truncate at apex, pubescent or with very few hairs at apex, sometimes glabrous, producing a small amount of mucilage when wet
Figures
Fig 33: 3, p 200
Ecology
Rocky slopes, Brachystegia woodland and burnt grassland; 1150–2400 m
Conservation
Least concern; widely distributed
Note
Ashby, loc. cit. (1936) recognised E. malosanus. Specimens referable to the type of E. malosanus have fewer, taller, more leafless stems arising from the woody rootstock, and have lateral, rather than the terminal inflorescences seen in forms similar to the types of E. villosus and E. dissitifolius. E. malsoanus appears to be confined to a distinct geographical area: S Tanzania, N and W Zambia and N and S Malawi. It is probable that these differences are not genetically determined, but due to E. malosanus inhabiting areas which are less frequently burned. As several intermediates occur and as material from the type locality of E. malosanus can more closely resemble the type of E. dissitifolius and E. villosus, suggesting the plants can look different in different years, E. malosanus is not recognized even at varietal level.
Distribution
Range: Congo-Kinshasa, Burundi, Angola, Zambia, Malawi, Mozambique Flora districts: T4 T7

Native to:

Angola, Burundi, Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre

Endostemon villosus (Briq.) M.R.Ashby appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jan 1, 2008 Bingham [13229], Zambia K000248335
Jan 1, 2008 Bingham [13188], Zambia K000248336
Nov 1, 2007 Luke [11644], Tanzania K000479590
May 1, 1991 Reekmens, M. [10.195], Burundi K000509501
Faulkner, H.G. [A.238], Angola K001008820
Jan 1, 1992 Carson [69], Zambia Endostemon dissitifolius K000347214 Unknown type material
Jan 1, 1992 Welwitsch [5472], Angola Endostemon dissitifolius K000347213
Jan 1, 1989 Whyte, A. [s.n.], Malawi Endostemon dissitifolius K000347215 Unknown type material

First published in J. Bot. 74: 131 (1936)

Accepted by

  • Paton, A.J., Bramley, G., Ryding, O., Polhill, R., Harvey, Y., Iwarsson, M., Willis, F., Phillipson, P., Balkwill, K., Lukhoba, C., Otiend, D & Harley (2009). Lamiaceae (Labiatae) Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-430.
  • Paton, A.J., Bramley, G., Ryding, O., Polhill, R.M., Harvey, Y.B., Iwarsson, M., Otieno, D., Balkwill, K., Phillipson, P.B., Harley, R.M. & Willis, F. (2013). Flora Zambesiaca 8(8): 1-346. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Not accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [Cited as Endostemon dissitifolius.]

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Paton, A.J., Bramley, G., Ryding, O., Polhill, R., Harvey, Y., Iwarsson, M., Willis, F., Phillipson, P., Balkwill, K., Lukhoba, C., Otiend, D & Harley (2009). Lamiaceae (Labiatae) Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-430.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • J.B. 74: 131 (1936).

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0