Isodon ternifolius (D.Don) Kudô

This species is accepted, and its native range is Arabian Peninsula, Himalaya to S. China.

[KBu]

Suddee, S., A. J. Paton, & Parnell, J. (2004). A Taxonomic Revision of Tribe Ocimeae Dumort. (Lamiaceae) in Continental South East Asia I. Introduction, Hyptidinae & Hanceolinae. Kew Bulletin, 59(3), 337-378. doi:10.2307/4110949

Distribution
India, Nepal, Bhutan, South China, Burma, Laos, Thailand and Vietnam.
Ecology
Open places in hill evergreen forest, dipterocarp-oak forest, deciduous forest, edges of evergreen forest; 400 - 2200 m.
Morphology General Habit
Erect undershrub or shrub up to 4 m tall
Morphology Leaves
Leaves sessile or shortly petiolate, in whorls of 3 - 4 or opposite and whorled on the same plant, chartaceous or coriaceous, lanceolate, ovate- lanceolate or elliptic-lanceolate, 20 - 140 x 12 - 40 mm, apex acute, margin serrate, base cuneate, rugose and pilose above, villous-tomentose beneath, veins prominent beneath; petioles 0 to 5 mm long, tomentose
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens included in anterior corolla lip; anterior pair inserted around the base of anterior corolla lip, pubescent at base; posterior pair inserted near the base of corolla tube, pubescent at base
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx campanulate, c. 2 mm at anthesis, densely whitish-villous, tubular, 3- 5 mm long in fruit, inconspicuously 2-lipped; teeth minute, subequal, ovate-triangular, acute at apex; tube straight, 10-nerved, often grooved between longitudinal nerves, pubescent to villous, with sessile glands outside, not gibbous at anterior base
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla white with purple dots on upper lip, declinate, 6- 7 mm long; posterior lip subequally 4-lobed, lobes rounded or obtuse at apex, densely villous, with sessile glands on back; anterior lip ovate-orbicular, 3 - 4 mm long, longer than posterior, concave, glabrous inside, glabrous at margin outside otherwise villous with sessile glands; tube 2 - 2.5 mm long, tubular, abruptly expanded above the narrow base and conspicuously gibbous on posterior side, pubescent on anterior side inside, pubescent, with or without sessile glands outside
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disc with anterior side slightly developed, not exceeding ovary, the rest annular
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style not or occasionally exceeding anterior corolla lip
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nutlets brown, triangular- oblong, 2 - 2.5 mm long, smooth, conspicuously trigonous on upper half, acute at apex, producing mucilage when wet.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence terminal and axillary, composed of several dense villous-tomentose spike- like branches, forming a panicle; cymes dense, many- flowered, flowers always lying adjacent to axis of cyme; bracts ovate to narrowly so, adaxially rugose or pilose, abaxially tomentose; bracteoles linear or linear- lanceolate, 1 - 2 mm long, pubescent, caducous or persistent; pedicels 1 - 3 mm long at anthesis, 2 - 4 mm long in fruit, pubescent
Morphology Stem
Stems woody at base, branched or not, hollow, round-quadrangular with several longitudinal shallow grooves, villous- tomentose
Phenology
Flowering October - February, fruiting December - April.
Type
Nepal, Narainhetty, Buch.-Ham. s.n. (holotype BM!).
Vernacular
Burmese: Myatnaw (Shan), Hwa Lam Lau. Thai: Bo Sou Hao Vo (Chiang Mai), Se' Ma' (Chiang Rai). Vietnamese: Cay trong Tua.

[KBu]
Use
In Thailand this species is used for decoction and ablutions. Water from the boiled rootstock is drunk as a cure for jaundice. In Burma the roots are used against itching.

Native to:

Assam, Bangladesh, China South-Central, China Southeast, East Himalaya, Laos, Myanmar, Nepal, Saudi Arabia, Thailand, Vietnam, West Himalaya

Isodon ternifolius (D.Don) Kudô appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Wallich, N. [2748], India K001067826 Yes
Wallich, N. [2748], Myanmar K001067823 Yes
Thompson, R. [267], Uttar Pradesh K001067828 holotype Yes
Brandis, D. [s.n.], India K001067827 Yes
Wallich, C. [2748], Nepal K001067820 Yes
Wallich, N. [2748], Uttar Pradesh K001067819 Yes
Blinkworth, R. [2748], India K001067822 Yes
Blinkworth, R. [2748], India K001067821 Yes
Wallich, N. [2748], Assam K001067824 Yes
Wallich, N. [2748], Assam K001067825 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 2748], India Plectranthus ternifolius K001117010 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 2748] Plectranthus ternifolius K001117014 Yes
Blinkworth, R. [Cat. no. 2748], India Plectranthus ternifolius K001117009 Yes
Govan, G. [Cat. no. 2748], India Plectranthus ternifolius K001117012 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 2748], Myanmar Plectranthus ternifolius K001117013 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 2748], Nepal Plectranthus ternifolius K001117008 Yes
Bruce, H. [Cat. no. 2748] Plectranthus ternifolius K001117011 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 2748] Plectranthus ternifolius K001117015 Yes

First published in Mem. Fac. Sci. Taihoku Imp. Univ. 2: 140 (1929)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Khanam, M. & Hassan, M.A. (2008). Lamiaceae Flora of Bangladesh 58: 1-161. Bangladesh National Herbarium, Dhaka.
  • Suddee, S., Paton, A.J. & Parnell, J.A.N. (2004). A taxonomic revision of tribe Ocimeae Dumort. (Lamiaceae) in Continental South East Asia. I. Introduction, Hyptidinae & Hanceolinae Kew Bulletin 59: 337-378.

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Bulletin

    Kew Bulletin
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0