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This species is accepted, and its native range is Ethiopia to E. Tropical Africa.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[KBu]

Suddee, S., A. J. Paton, & Parnell, J. (2005). Taxonomic Revision of Tribe Ocimeae Dumort. (Lamiaceae) in Continental South East Asia III. Ociminae. Kew Bulletin, 60(1), 3-75. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/4110885

Distribution
Africa, India, Burma and Thailand, often cultivated.
Ecology
Cultivated.
Morphology General Habit
Perennial herbs up to 1 m tall
Morphology Leaves
Leaves elliptic-oblong, 25 - 40 x 10 - 20 mm, apex obtuse or acute, base obtuse or cuneate, margin serrate, pubescent with white hairs on both sides, much denser and longer on veins beneath, veins grooved above, raised beneath; petiole 10 - 20 mm long, hirsute with white long spreading hairs
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens with posterior pair having a transverse hairy process near base
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 2 - 3.5 mm long at anthesis, 3 - 4.5 mm long in fruit; posterior lip rounded, pubescent inside, glabrous on back with yellow sessile glands confined at base near pedicel; anterior lip with 2 median lanceolate teeth curved upwards, longer than the 2 lateral teeth, more or less equal to posterior; throat open; tube pubescent outside with or without sessile glands, with a ring of hairs at throat inside
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla white, tinted purple, 3 - 4 mm long, lobes pubescent on back; posterior lip with 2 ovate-oblong median lobes slightly larger than the 2 lateral lobes; anterior lip oblong; tube glabrous both sides
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nutlet black, ovoid, smooth or minutely tuberculate, producing mucilage when wet.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence dense, verticils 2 - 10 mm apart; bracts ovate, 3 - 3.5 x 2 - 2.5 mm, apex acuminate, base attenuate, margin serrate with long white hairs; pedicel 2 - 3 mm long in fruit, hirsute with white long hairs
Morphology Stem
Stems round-quadrangular, hirsute with sessile glands; indumentum of white long spreading hairs, becoming denser on inflorescence axis
Note
Plants imported from India in 1953, cultivated in Thailand [ex Smitinand 3038 (BKF)].
Type
Tanzania, between Meru and Kilimanjaro, Volkens 756 (lectotype K!).
Vernacular
Thai: Ka phrao khaek (Bangkok); Ka phrao India (Prachin Buri).

[FTEA]

Lamiaceae (Labiatae), A.J. Paton, G. Bramley, O. Ryding, R.M. Polhill, Y.B. Harvey, M. Iwarsson, F. Willis, P.B. Phillipson, K. Balkwill, C.W. Lukhoba, D.F. Otieno, & R.M. Harley. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2009

Type
Lectotype, chosen by Paton, loc. cit. (1992): Tanzania, between Meru and Kilimanjaro, Volkens 756 (K!, lecto.)
Morphology General Habit
Aromatic, perennial shrub to 2 m tall
Morphology Stem
Stems rounded-quadrangular, much branched, woody with epidermis sometimes peeling off in strips below, arising from a large woody rootstock, with long ± patent or antrorse, white eglandular hairs, becoming denser on the inflorescence axis, with sparse sessile glands
Morphology Leaves
Leaves often with fascicles of young leaves or young shoots in axils; blade ovate, (1–)1.5–5.5 × (0.5–)1–3 cm, serrate, apex obtuse or rounded, base cuneate; indumentum of long white appressed hairs or sometimes glabrous above, glandular-punctate; petiole 4–10 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence lax, verticils 8–20 mm apart; bracts usually deciduous, forming a small coma or not, ovate, ± 3 mm long, 1–2 mm broad, entire, cuspidate; pedicel 3 mm long, erect, slightly curved, ± flattened
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx ± downward-pointing, 3–4 mm long at anthesis, pilose to villose with the posterior lip less densely hairy, interior with a villose ring of hairs at throat; posterior lip rounded and wider at tip, decurrent, median teeth of anterior lip lanceolate, acuminate, teeth of lateral lobes deltate, cuspidate; fruiting calyx ± 5 mm long, throat open, posterior lip accrescent, wider at tip, decurrent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla white, pink or mauve, 6–7 mm long; tube straight, funnel-shaped, scarcely exceeding calyx tube
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens exserted 3–5 mm; posterior with a fleshy, flattened, hairy outgrowth near base
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary glabrous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nutlets black, longer than broad, 1.5 mm long, ± smooth, mucilagenous when wet.
Ecology
Grassland, disturbed ground; 1000–2300 m
Conservation
Least concern
Note
Close to O. kenyense, but differing in the shrubby habit and spreading rather than erect leaves with longer petioles.
Distribution
Range: Sudan, Ethiopia, occasionally cultivated in India, Burma and Thailand Flora districts: U3 K3 K4 K5 K6 T2 T3 T5 T7

Native to:

Ethiopia, Kenya, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda

Introduced into:

Angola, India, Myanmar, Thailand

Ocimum kilimandscharicum Gürke appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jan 1, 2011 Zanim [s.n.], Brazil K000735147
Jul 1, 1990 Johnston, H.H. [187], Tanzania K000347061 Unknown type material
Jul 1, 1990 Johnston, H.H. [s.n.] K000347060 Unknown type material
Whitfield, B.W., Sudan 16944.000
India 35331.000
Volkens, G. [756], Tanzania K000347062 lectotype

First published in H.G.A.Engler, Pflanzenw. Ost-Afrikas, C: 349 (1895)

Accepted by

  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Paton, A.J., Bramley, G., Ryding, O., Polhill, R., Harvey, Y., Iwarsson, M., Willis, F., Phillipson, P., Balkwill, K., Lukhoba, C., Otiend, D & Harley (2009). Lamiaceae (Labiatae) Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-430.
  • Suddee, S., Paton, A.J. & Parnell, J.A.N. (2005). Taxonomic Revision of the tribe Ocimeae Dumort (Lamiaceae) in continental South East Asia III. Ociminae Kew Bulletin 60: 3-75.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Paton, A.J., Bramley, G., Ryding, O., Polhill, R., Harvey, Y., Iwarsson, M., Willis, F., Phillipson, P., Balkwill, K., Lukhoba, C., Otiend, D & Harley (2009). Lamiaceae (Labiatae) Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-430.
  • Suddee, S., Paton, A.J. & Parnell, J.A.N. (2005). Taxonomic Revision of the tribe Ocimeae Dumort (Lamiaceae) in continental South East Asia III. Ociminae Kew Bulletin 60: 3-75.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • E.P.A.: 847 (1963)
  • F.T.A. 5: 340 (1900)
  • Holm & Hiltunen, Ocimum: 24 (1999)
  • K.B. 47: 422 (1992)
  • K.T.S.L.: 630 (1994)
  • P.O.A. C: 349 (1895)
  • T.T.C.L.: 257 (1949)
  • U.K.W.F. ed. 2: 296, t. 131 (1994)
  • U.K.W.F.: 645 (1974)

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Bulletin
Kew Bulletin
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0