Skip to main content
This species is accepted, and its native range is Cameroon to Eritrea and Zambia.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FWTA]

Labiatae, J. K. Morton. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

Morphology General Habit
An erect, hairy perennial several foot in height
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers white, in long lax racemes.

[FTEA]

Lamiaceae (Labiatae), A.J. Paton, G. Bramley, O. Ryding, R.M. Polhill, Y.B. Harvey, M. Iwarsson, F. Willis, P.B. Phillipson, K. Balkwill, C.W. Lukhoba, D.F. Otieno, & R.M. Harley. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2009

Type
Lectotype, chosen by Paton, loc. cit. (1992): Ethiopia, Scholoda, Schimper 147 (K!, lecto.)
Morphology General Habit
Aromatic perennial woody herb or shrub to 3 m tall
Morphology Stem
Stems erect, roundedquadrangular, much branched, woody, sometimes striate; indumentum of short, dense, patent or appressed hairs, becoming tomentose or denser on the inflorescence-axis
Morphology Leaves
Leaves sometimes with fascicles of leaves or young shoots in axils; blade darker above, ovate, 1.5–6.5 × 0.6–4 cm, serrate or crenate, acute or rarely obtuse at apex, cuneate at base, tomentose to pubescent or rarely pubescent on veins only beneath, pubescent above, with sparse sessile glands; petiole 3–14(–20) mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence lax, verticils 1–2 cm distant; bracts erect above, forming a small apical coma, deciduous below, ovate, 2–3 × 1–2 mm, entire, cuspidate, pubescent; pedicels spreading to ascending, terete, 4–6 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx horizontal or slightly downwardpointing, often purplish, 4–5 mm long at anthesis, tube tomentose, teeth pubescent; posterior lip rounded at tip, decurrent; lateral lobes of anterior lip deltate, cuspidate, median teeth lanceolate, acuminate; fruiting calyx 8–11 mm long, throat open, posterior lip accrescent, rounded at tip, decurrent, lateral lobes of anterior lip becoming apparently more rounded or truncate, median teeth longer, subulate, curving upwards; indumentum of tube at anthesis usually tomentose with teeth and posterior lip pubescent, becoming coriaceous and glabrous in fruit, interior glabrous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla white, white marked with pink, or dull mauve, 9–11 mm long; tube straight, parallel-sided, twice the length of the calyx-tube
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens exserted 3–4 mm, posterior ciliate, inappendiculate, but with cilia aggregated, forming a clump, on one side near base
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary glabrous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nutlets light brown or brown, ovoid, 2 × 1 mm, smooth, not producing mucilage when wet
Figures
Fig 22: 1–2, p 139
Ecology
Forest edges and associated bushland and grassland; 1000–2500 m
Conservation
Least concern; widespread
Distribution
Range: Ethiopia, Cameroon, Congo-Kinshasa, Rwanda, Zambia, Malawi Flora districts: U1 U2 U3 U4 K1 K2 K3 K4 K5 K6 T1 T2 T4 T7

Native to:

Cameroon, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Kenya, Malawi, Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre

Ocimum lamiifolium Hochst. ex Benth. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jun 1, 2008 Cheek, M. [13528], Cameroon K000436536
Aug 15, 2006 Tiyoy [1650], Uganda K000194746
Jul 1, 2004 Darbyshire, I. [72], Cameroon K000213110
Apr 1, 2004 Manning, S.D. [654], Cameroon K000025059
Jan 1, 1999 Zapfack, L. [1164], Cameroon K000339251
Jan 1, 1998 Mambo, P. [219], Cameroon K000029891
Jan 1, 1992 Schimper [1864], Ethiopia K000347065 isosyntype
Jan 1, 1992 Schimper [1864], Ethiopia K000347066
Jan 1, 1992 Roth [500], Ethiopia K000347067 Unknown type material
Jan 1, 1992 Ethiopia K000347064 isosyntype
Jan 1, 1992 Brunt, M.A. [546], Cameroon K000029895
Jan 1, 1992 Ujor, E.U. [FHI 30460], Cameroon K000029894
Jul 1, 1990 Speke [s.n.], Uganda K000347104 Unknown type material
Chancellor, R.J. [175], Uganda 2762.000
Ash [951], Ethiopia 37009.000
Ethiopia K000347063

First published in A.P.de Candolle, Prodr. 12: 37 (1848)

Accepted by

  • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Hedberg, I., Kelbessa, E., Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Persson, E. (eds.) (2006). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 5: 1-690. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Paton, A.J., Bramley, G., Ryding, O., Polhill, R., Harvey, Y., Iwarsson, M., Willis, F., Phillipson, P., Balkwill, K., Lukhoba, C., Otiend, D & Harley (2009). Lamiaceae (Labiatae) Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-430.
  • Paton, A.J., Bramley, G., Ryding, O., Polhill, R.M., Harvey, Y.B., Iwarsson, M., Otieno, D., Balkwill, K., Phillipson, P.B., Harley, R.M. & Willis, F. (2013). Flora Zambesiaca 8(8): 1-346. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • F.T.A. 5: 346.
  • in DC. Prod. 12: 37 (1848)

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • DC., Prod. 12: 37 (1848)
  • E.P.A.: 847 (1963)
  • F.T.A. 5: 346 (1900)
  • F.W.T.A. ed. 2, 2: 452 (1963)
  • Fl. Eth. 5: 575 (2006).
  • Fl. Rwanda 3: 326 (1985)
  • Holm & Hiltunen, Ocimum: 35 (1999)
  • K.B. 47: 430, fig. 1A, B (1992)
  • K.T.S.L.: 630 (1994)
  • U.K.W.F. ed. 2: 296, t. 132 (1994)
  • U.K.W.F.: 645 (1974)

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0