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This species is accepted, and its native range is Ethiopia to N. Kenya, Yemen.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FTEA]

Lamiaceae (Labiatae), A.J. Paton, G. Bramley, O. Ryding, R.M. Polhill, Y.B. Harvey, M. Iwarsson, F. Willis, P.B. Phillipson, K. Balkwill, C.W. Lukhoba, D.F. Otieno, & R.M. Harley. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2009

Type
Lectotype, chosen by Paton, loc. cit. (1992): N Yemen, Jabal Masna’ah, Deflers 599 (K!, lecto.)
Morphology General Habit
Aromatic perennial herb or shrub, 0.6–1 m tall
Morphology Stem
Stems rounded-quadrangular or quadrangular, much branched, woody, tomentose, hairs short, dense and dendroid
Morphology Leaves
Leaves with or without young leaves in axils; blade ovate, 2–8 × 1–3.5 cm, serrate to subentire, apex obtuse, base cuneate, tomentose; petiole 5–25 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence dense with calyces of adjacent verticils touching; bracts largely hidden by calyces but becoming erect above forming a small green coma at apex, ovate, 3–6 mm long, 4–5 mm wide; pedicels 4 mm long, spreading to erect, strongly curved
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx bilabiate, ± downward-pointing at anthesis, 4 mm long, indumentum uniformly tomentose, inner surface of posterior lip tomentose; posterior lip rounded at tip, decurrent, teeth of anterior lip lanceolate, acuminate, teeth of lateral lobes bristle-pointed, equal in length to lower teeth; fruiting calyx 6 mm long strongly reflexed against inflorescence axis, throat closed, posterior lip accrescent, rounded and wider at tip, decurrent, median lobes of anterior lip pressed against the posterior lip, teeth of lateral lobes level and pressed against the bottom of the median lobes of the anterior lip
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla white or white marked pink, 5–6 mm long; tube straight, funnel-shaped, scarcely exceeding the calyx tube
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens exserted 1–2 mm, posterior with a large, fleshy, ± flattened, ± glabrous outgrowth near base
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary glabrous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nutlets brown, ± spherical, 1.5 mm in diameter, not producing mucilage when wet.
Ecology
Deciduous bushland and Acacia woodland on alluvial soil; 750–850 m
Conservation
Least concern
Note
Similar to O. gratissimum in inflorescence structure and to O. cufodontii in habit and indumentum.
Distribution
Range: Yemen, Ethiopia Flora districts: K1

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Small shrub, 0.3–1.2 m tall, with a dense indumentum of dendroid hairs
Morphology Leaves
Leaves petiolate; blade ovate to elliptic, up to 20–100 × 10–50 mm, apex obtuse or subacute, base cuneate to almost truncate, margin crenate-serrate or subentire
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence dense and spike-like; bracts persistent or deciduous, largely hidden by the calyces
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits Fruiting calyx
Fruiting calyx downwards-pointing, 6–7 mm long, closed by the lower lobes being pressed against the upper lobe; upper lobe widest near the apex, c. 3–4 mm broad, narrowly cuneate at the base; lateral lobes subulate at apex; lower lobes connate to an emarginate lip
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla 5–7 mm long, pink to greenish white
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Anterior stamens 1–2 mm longer than the lower lip of the corolla
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style with 0.2–0.5 mm long equal branches
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nutlets 1.5–2 × 1.1–1.6 mm, glabrous, not producing mucilage when wet.
Distribution
N2; C2; S1–3; Ethiopia, Kenya, Arabian peninsula
Ecology
Altitude range 30–1250 m.

Native to:

Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Yemen

Ocimum spicatum Deflers appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Ash [1776], Ethiopia 35601.000
Deflers, A. [599], Yemen K000911685

First published in Bull. Soc. Bot. France 43: 226 (1896)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Hedberg, I., Kelbessa, E., Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Persson, E. (eds.) (2006). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 5: 1-690. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Paton, A.J., Bramley, G., Ryding, O., Polhill, R., Harvey, Y., Iwarsson, M., Willis, F., Phillipson, P., Balkwill, K., Lukhoba, C., Otiend, D & Harley (2009). Lamiaceae (Labiatae) Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-430.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) (2006). Flora of Somalia 3: 1-626. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Thulin, M. (ed.) (2006). Flora of Somalia 3: 1-626. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, (2000) Author: by O. Ryding [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr. 43: 226 (1896)
  • Fl. Eth. 5: 572 (2006).
  • Fl. Somalia 3: 340 (2006)
  • Holm & Hiltunen, Ocimum: 27 (1999)
  • K.B. 47: 418 (1992)

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0