Orthosiphon aristatus (Blume) Miq.

This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical Asia to N. Australia.

[KBu]

Suddee, S., A. J. Paton, & Parnell, J. (2005). Taxonomic Revision of Tribe Ocimeae Dumort. (Lamiaceae) in Continental South East Asia III. Ociminae. Kew Bulletin, 60(1), 3-75. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/4110885

Morphology General Habit
Erect or ascending perennial herb up to 2.5 m tall, rootstock woody
Morphology Leaves
Leaves sessile, subsessile or petiolate, chartaceous, ovate or ovate-lanceolate, 7 - 120 x 7 - 60 mm, apex acute or acuminate, base cuneate or truncate, margin serrate or crenate-serrate, with sessile glands on both sides, pubescent on nerves otherwise glabrous or glabrescent, puberulous to pubescent all over; petioles up to 30 mm long, pubescent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens far exserted, anterior slightly longer, more than twice as long as anterior corolla lip
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 3 - 8 mm long at anthesis, 6 - 15 mm long in fruit; posterior lip orbicular, ovate or obovate, apex rounded, acute or obtuse, mostly glabrous on both sides, occasionally pubescent on nerves on inner side; anterior lip with median teeth subulate, longer than posterior, lateral much shorter than median teeth, varying from truncate-apiculate to shortly cuspidate; tube pubescent with sessile glands outside, sometimes constricted above ovary and widely expanded at throat
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla blue or purple, 12 - 35 mm long; posterior lip 3-lobed, midlobe broadest, emarginate; anterior lip oblong, ± equal in length to the posterior, concave, more or less straight; tube slender, 10 - 20 mm long, pubescent, not or slightly dilated at throat
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disc with anterior side well-developed, obtuse or truncate at apex, equal to or exceeding ovary
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style slightly longer than anterior stamens, clavate and slightly cleft at apex
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nutlets oblong or ellipsoid, 1.5 - 2 mm long, reticulate, sometimes producing mucilage when wet.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence terminal, up to 30 cm long; axis pubescent; bracts sessile, subtending 2 - 3 flowers, forming a small apical coma, mostly persistent, ovate to broadly ovate, up to 5 mm long, sometimes very short, wider than long, shorter than the pedicel in flower and fruit, acute, acuminate, cuspidate, apiculate or truncate at apex, margin ciliate, adaxial glabrous or glabrescent, abaxial pubescent with sessile glands; pedicels 3 - 5 mm long in flower, 4 - 6 mm long in fruit, pubescent
Morphology Stem
Stems quadrangular or round- quadrangular, glabrous to pubescent, branched, old stem sometimes whitish-grey, epidermis peeling
Type
Java, Batavia, Blume 1091 (lectotype L!; isolectotypes L!, NY!).

Native to:

Assam, Bangladesh, Bismarck Archipelago, Borneo, Cambodia, China South-Central, China Southeast, Hainan, India, Jawa, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Malaya, Maluku, Myanmar, New Guinea, Nicobar Is., Philippines, Queensland, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam

Introduced into:

Caroline Is., Fiji, Niue

Orthosiphon aristatus (Blume) Miq. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Aug 19, 2016 Kungkai [93], Borneo K000939125 No
Nov 27, 2015 Bernard Lee [S.55756] K000734918 No
Oct 1, 2013 Eanghourt [667], Cambodia K000938216 No
Sep 23, 2010 Hardial [565], Singapore K000897134 No
Sep 23, 2010 Gwynne Vaughan, D.T. [521], Thailand K000897135 No
Jan 1, 2010 Barbon [13125], Philippines K000249644 No
Jan 1, 2010 Du, N.V.et al. [HNK 3419], Vietnam K000249668 No
Jan 1, 2010 Datu, A. [71065], Malaysia K000897128 No
May 23, 2008 Erlinawati, I. [239], Indonesia K000897131 No
Jan 1, 2000 Sands, M.J.S. [6233], Indonesia K000897097 No
Jan 1, 1999 Cuming, H. [734], Philippines K000897108 holotype Yes
Jan 1, 1999 Cuming, H. [734], Philippines K000897107 isotype Yes
Jan 1, 1995 Ambriansyah [318], Indonesia K000897127 No
Jan 1, 1992 Lee, B. [50005], Malaysia K000897126 No
Jan 1, 1992 Lee, B. [50005], Malaysia K000897125 No
Nov 10, 1978 Verdcourt, B. [5118], Papua New Guinea K000897093 No
Jan 7, 1974 Chai, P. [33341], Malaysia K000897124 No
Apr 1, 1964 Henderson, M.R. [29092], Malaysia K000897136 No
Jan 1, 1964 Robinson, C.B. [11953], Philippines K000897106 No
Streimann, H. [NGF44423], Papua New Guinea K000897090 No
Christensen, H. [506], Indonesia K000897120 No
Zollinger, H. [566], Indonesia K000897117 No
Wallich, N. [s.n.] K000911651 syntype Yes
Wallich, N. [s.n.] K000911650 syntype Yes
Sigin [85850], Malaysia K000897122 No
Hartley, T.G. [11558], Papua New Guinea K000897094 No
Cheesman, L.E. [96], Papua New Guinea K000897092 No
Fryar, D. [3983], Papua New Guinea K000888377 No
s.coll. [s.n.], Indonesia K000897111 No
Kostermans, A. [22004], Indonesia K000897130 No
Anta [239], Indonesia K000897098 No
Cuming, H. [1357], Philippines K000897103 No
Cruttwell, N.E.G. [194], Papua New Guinea K000897089 No
Kochummen, K.M. [98763], Malaysia K000897137 No
Brass, L.J. [27621], Papua New Guinea K000897100 No
Cheesman, L.E. [96], Papua New Guinea K000897088 No
Ramos, M. [41143], Philippines K000897104 No
Kulip, J. [140589], Malaysia K000897121 No
Kerenga, K. [LAE77324], Papua New Guinea K000888378 No
Verdcourt, B. [4950], Papua New Guinea K000897095 No
Riswan, S. [J020], Indonesia K000897119 No
Wiriadinata, H. [477], Indonesia K000897129 No
Loher, A. [4216], Philippines K000897102 No
Sands, M.J.S. [2997], Papua New Guinea K000897101 No
Elbert, J. [3692], Indonesia K000897118 No
Clemens, J. [21057], Malaysia K000897123 No
Loher, A. [4216], Philippines K000897105 No
Anta [43], Indonesia K000897099 No
Horsfield, T. [s.n.], Indonesia K000897112 No
Lütjeharms, W.J. [5032], Indonesia K000897114 No
Lütjeharms, W.J. [5032], Indonesia K000897113 No

First published in Fl. Ned. Ind. 2: 943 (1858)

Accepted by

  • Bramley, G.L.C. (2019). Flora Malesiana 23: 1-444. Noordhoff-Kolff N.V., Djakarta.
  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Khanam, M. & Hassan, M.A. (2008). Lamiaceae Flora of Bangladesh 58: 1-161. Bangladesh National Herbarium, Dhaka.
  • Smith, A.C. (1991). Flora Vitiensis Nova. A new flora for Fiji (Spermatophytes only) 5: 1-626. Pacific Tropical Botanical Garden, Lawai.
  • Suddee, S., Paton, A.J. & Parnell, J.A.N. (2005). Taxonomic Revision of the tribe Ocimeae Dumort (Lamiaceae) in continental South East Asia III. Ociminae Kew Bulletin 60: 3-75.
  • Tanaka, N., Koyama, T. & Murata, J. (2005). The flowering plants of Mt. Popa, central Myanmar - Results of Myanmar-Japanese joint expeditions, 2000-2004 Makinoa 5: 1-102.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Fosberg, F.R., Sachet, M.-H., Oliver, R. (1979). A geographical checklist of the Micronesian Dicotyledonae Micronesica; Journal of the College of Guam 15: 41-295.
  • Khanam, M. & Hassan, M.A. (2008). Lamiaceae Flora of Bangladesh 58: 1-161. Bangladesh National Herbarium, Dhaka.
  • Smith, A.C. (1991). Flora Vitiensis Nova. A new flora for Fiji (Spermatophytes only) 5: 1-626. Pacific Tropical Botanical Garden, Lawai.
  • Sykes, W.R. (1970). Contributions to the flora of Niue Bulletin, New Zealand Department of Scientific and Industrial Research 200: 1-321.

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Bulletin

    Kew Bulletin
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0