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This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical Asia to N. Australia.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[KBu]

Suddee, S., A. J. Paton, & Parnell, J. (2005). Taxonomic Revision of Tribe Ocimeae Dumort. (Lamiaceae) in Continental South East Asia III. Ociminae. Kew Bulletin, 60(1), 3-75. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/4110885

Morphology General Habit
Erect or ascending perennial herb up to 2.5 m tall, rootstock woody
Morphology Leaves
Leaves sessile, subsessile or petiolate, chartaceous, ovate or ovate-lanceolate, 7 - 120 x 7 - 60 mm, apex acute or acuminate, base cuneate or truncate, margin serrate or crenate-serrate, with sessile glands on both sides, pubescent on nerves otherwise glabrous or glabrescent, puberulous to pubescent all over; petioles up to 30 mm long, pubescent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens far exserted, anterior slightly longer, more than twice as long as anterior corolla lip
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 3 - 8 mm long at anthesis, 6 - 15 mm long in fruit; posterior lip orbicular, ovate or obovate, apex rounded, acute or obtuse, mostly glabrous on both sides, occasionally pubescent on nerves on inner side; anterior lip with median teeth subulate, longer than posterior, lateral much shorter than median teeth, varying from truncate-apiculate to shortly cuspidate; tube pubescent with sessile glands outside, sometimes constricted above ovary and widely expanded at throat
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla blue or purple, 12 - 35 mm long; posterior lip 3-lobed, midlobe broadest, emarginate; anterior lip oblong, ± equal in length to the posterior, concave, more or less straight; tube slender, 10 - 20 mm long, pubescent, not or slightly dilated at throat
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disc with anterior side well-developed, obtuse or truncate at apex, equal to or exceeding ovary
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style slightly longer than anterior stamens, clavate and slightly cleft at apex
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nutlets oblong or ellipsoid, 1.5 - 2 mm long, reticulate, sometimes producing mucilage when wet.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence terminal, up to 30 cm long; axis pubescent; bracts sessile, subtending 2 - 3 flowers, forming a small apical coma, mostly persistent, ovate to broadly ovate, up to 5 mm long, sometimes very short, wider than long, shorter than the pedicel in flower and fruit, acute, acuminate, cuspidate, apiculate or truncate at apex, margin ciliate, adaxial glabrous or glabrescent, abaxial pubescent with sessile glands; pedicels 3 - 5 mm long in flower, 4 - 6 mm long in fruit, pubescent
Morphology Stem
Stems quadrangular or round- quadrangular, glabrous to pubescent, branched, old stem sometimes whitish-grey, epidermis peeling
Type
Java, Batavia, Blume 1091 (lectotype L!; isolectotypes L!, NY!).

Native to:

Assam, Bangladesh, Bismarck Archipelago, Borneo, Cambodia, China South-Central, China Southeast, Hainan, India, Jawa, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Malaya, Maluku, Myanmar, New Guinea, Nicobar Is., Philippines, Queensland, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam

Introduced into:

Caroline Is., Fiji, Niue

Orthosiphon aristatus (Blume) Miq. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Aug 19, 2016 Kungkai [93], Borneo K000939125
Nov 27, 2015 Bernard Lee [S.55756] K000734918
Oct 1, 2013 Eanghourt [667], Cambodia K000938216
Sep 23, 2010 Hardial [565], Singapore K000897134
Sep 23, 2010 Gwynne Vaughan, D.T. [521], Thailand K000897135
Jan 1, 2010 Barbon [13125], Philippines K000249644
Jan 1, 2010 Du, N.V.et al. [HNK 3419], Vietnam K000249668
Jan 1, 2010 Datu, A. [71065], Malaysia K000897128
May 23, 2008 Erlinawati, I. [239], Indonesia K000897131
Jan 1, 2000 Sands, M.J.S. [6233], Indonesia K000897097
Jan 1, 1999 Cuming, H. [734], Philippines K000897108 holotype
Jan 1, 1999 Cuming, H. [734], Philippines K000897107 isotype
Jan 1, 1995 Ambriansyah [318], Indonesia K000897127
Jan 1, 1992 Lee, B. [50005], Malaysia K000897126
Jan 1, 1992 Lee, B. [50005], Malaysia K000897125
Nov 10, 1978 Verdcourt, B. [5118], Papua New Guinea K000897093
Jan 7, 1974 Chai, P. [33341], Malaysia K000897124
Apr 1, 1964 Henderson, M.R. [29092], Malaysia K000897136
Jan 1, 1964 Robinson, C.B. [11953], Philippines K000897106
Streimann, H. [NGF44423], Papua New Guinea K000897090
Christensen, H. [506], Indonesia K000897120
Zollinger, H. [566], Indonesia K000897117
Wallich, N. [s.n.] K000911651 syntype
Wallich, N. [s.n.] K000911650 syntype
Sigin [85850], Malaysia K000897122
Hartley, T.G. [11558], Papua New Guinea K000897094
Cheesman, L.E. [96], Papua New Guinea K000897092
Fryar, D. [3983], Papua New Guinea K000888377
s.coll. [s.n.], Indonesia K000897111
Kostermans, A. [22004], Indonesia K000897130
Anta [239], Indonesia K000897098
Cuming, H. [1357], Philippines K000897103
Cruttwell, N.E.G. [194], Papua New Guinea K000897089
Kochummen, K.M. [98763], Malaysia K000897137
Brass, L.J. [27621], Papua New Guinea K000897100
Cheesman, L.E. [96], Papua New Guinea K000897088
Ramos, M. [41143], Philippines K000897104
Kulip, J. [140589], Malaysia K000897121
Kerenga, K. [LAE77324], Papua New Guinea K000888378
Verdcourt, B. [4950], Papua New Guinea K000897095
Riswan, S. [J020], Indonesia K000897119
Wiriadinata, H. [477], Indonesia K000897129
Loher, A. [4216], Philippines K000897102
Sands, M.J.S. [2997], Papua New Guinea K000897101
Elbert, J. [3692], Indonesia K000897118
Clemens, J. [21057], Malaysia K000897123
Loher, A. [4216], Philippines K000897105
Anta [43], Indonesia K000897099
Horsfield, T. [s.n.], Indonesia K000897112
Lütjeharms, W.J. [5032], Indonesia K000897114
Lütjeharms, W.J. [5032], Indonesia K000897113

First published in Fl. Ned. Ind. 2: 943 (1858)

Accepted by

  • Bramley, G.L.C. (2019). Flora Malesiana 23: 1-444. Noordhoff-Kolff N.V., Djakarta.
  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Khanam, M. & Hassan, M.A. (2008). Lamiaceae Flora of Bangladesh 58: 1-161. Bangladesh National Herbarium, Dhaka.
  • Smith, A.C. (1991). Flora Vitiensis Nova. A new flora for Fiji (Spermatophytes only) 5: 1-626. Pacific Tropical Botanical Garden, Lawai.
  • Suddee, S., Paton, A.J. & Parnell, J.A.N. (2005). Taxonomic Revision of the tribe Ocimeae Dumort (Lamiaceae) in continental South East Asia III. Ociminae Kew Bulletin 60: 3-75.
  • Tanaka, N., Koyama, T. & Murata, J. (2005). The flowering plants of Mt. Popa, central Myanmar - Results of Myanmar-Japanese joint expeditions, 2000-2004 Makinoa 5: 1-102.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Fosberg, F.R., Sachet, M.-H., Oliver, R. (1979). A geographical checklist of the Micronesian Dicotyledonae Micronesica; Journal of the College of Guam 15: 41-295.
  • Khanam, M. & Hassan, M.A. (2008). Lamiaceae Flora of Bangladesh 58: 1-161. Bangladesh National Herbarium, Dhaka.
  • Smith, A.C. (1991). Flora Vitiensis Nova. A new flora for Fiji (Spermatophytes only) 5: 1-626. Pacific Tropical Botanical Garden, Lawai.
  • Sykes, W.R. (1970). Contributions to the flora of Niue Bulletin, New Zealand Department of Scientific and Industrial Research 200: 1-321.

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Bulletin
Kew Bulletin
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0