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This species is accepted, and its native range is W. & Central Himalaya to Myanmar.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium


Suddee, S., A. J. Paton, & Parnell, J. (2005). Taxonomic Revision of Tribe Ocimeae Dumort. (Lamiaceae) in Continental South East Asia III. Ociminae. Kew Bulletin, 60(1), 3-75. Retrieved from

Nepal, India & Burma.
Morphology General Habit
Erect perennial herb to 30 cm tall, rootstock woody
Morphology Leaves
Leaves in 3 - 6 basal pairs, chartaceous, elliptic or oblong, 70 - 110 x 35 - 50 mm, apex acute, base cuneate, margin coarsely crenate, glabrous to glabrescent with scattered sessile glands on both sides; petioles slender, 2.5 - 6 cm long, puberulous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens exserted, up to twice as long as anterior corolla lip, anterior longer
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 4 - 5 mm long in flower, 5 - 7 mm long in fruit; posterior lip obovate, acute at apex, decurrent on tube, glabrous both sides; anterior lip subulate, median teeth the same length or slightly longer than posterior, lateral teeth slightly shorter; tube pubescent outside with gland-tipped hairs
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla purple, 12 - 15 mm long; posterior lip 3- lobed, midlobe emarginate; anterior lip entire, slightly concave, longer than posterior; tube 7 - 10 mm long, slender below, widely expanded near throat, pubescent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disc with anterior side well-developed, truncate at apex, exceeding ovary
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style not exceeding anterior stamens, clavate and slightly cleft at apex
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nutlets brown, oblong, 2 mm long, rugulose with brown scales, producing mucilage when wet.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence terminal, simple, up to 20 cm long; axis pubescent with gland-tipped hairs; bracts sessile, subtending 2 - 3 flowers, persistent, ovate-lanceolate, 3 - 4 mm long, shorter than pedicel in flower and fruit, acuminate, adaxial glabrous or glabrescent, abaxial glabrescent; pedicels 3 - 3.5 mm long in flower, 4 - 5 mm long in fruit, pubescent with gland-tipped hairs
Morphology Stem
Stems short, arising from old rootstock, round- quadrangular, glabrous
There is a single specimen from Burma in Paris (P), collected by Wallich from Toang Dong. The number 2726 which appears on this sheet is the number of the type collection. However the type itself was collected in Nepal. It is not clear whether the sheet in Paris belongs to the type collection or really is from Burma. It is probably better to assume that the locality is indeed correct, and therefore this species is included in this account. In addition, as the Burmese specimen bears only fruits, the floral description above has been taken from the type.
Fruiting November.
Nepal, Wall. Cat. 2726 [K! (Herb. Benthamianum), lectotype; isolectotypes BM!, G-DC (microfiche!), K! (Herb. Hookerianum), K-W!, L!, P!].

Native to:

Myanmar, Nepal, West Himalaya

Orthosiphon scapiger Benth. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jan 1, 1999 Wallich, N. [2726], Nepal K000911642 isotype
Jan 1, 1999 Wallich, N. [2726], Nepal K000911641 lectotype
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 2726], Nepal K001116955

First published in N.Wallich, Pl. Asiat. Rar. 2: 15 (1830)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Suddee, S., Paton, A.J. & Parnell, J.A.N. (2005). Taxonomic Revision of the tribe Ocimeae Dumort (Lamiaceae) in continental South East Asia III. Ociminae Kew Bulletin 60: 3-75.

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
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Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at and
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

Kew Bulletin
Kew Bulletin

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at and
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.