Phlomis fruticosa L.

First published in Sp. Pl.: 584 (1753)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Sardegna to Transcaucasus. It is a shrub and grows primarily in the subtropical biome.

Descriptions

J. R. Timberlake, E. S. Martins (2013). Flora Zambesiaca, Vol 8: part 8. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew

Vernacular
Jerusalem Sage.
Morphology General Habit
Herb to 1 m tall with dense whitish indumentum of stellate hairs
Morphology Leaves
Leaves shortly petiolate above, more distinctly petiolate below, lanceolate-elliptic, 3–9 × 1.6–3.5 cm
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence with 1–2 dense, many-flowered head-like verticils
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 10–20 mm long, cylindrical with spreading horizontal teeth, 1–4 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla bright yellow, 25–35 mm long, 2-lipped, posterior lip strongly hooded
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 4, held under posterior lip.
Distribution
Zimbabwe. Native of S Europe and W Asia. Widely cultivated.
[FZ]

Lamiaceae (Labiatae), A.J. Paton, G. Bramley, O. Ryding, R.M. Polhill, Y.B. Harvey, M. Iwarsson, F. Willis, P.B. Phillipson, K. Balkwill, C.W. Lukhoba, D.F. Otieno, & R.M. Harley. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2009

Morphology General
Native of South Europe and West Asia
Morphology General Habit
Herb to 60 cm tall (larger shrub elsewhere) with a dense whitish indumentum of stellate hairs
Morphology Leaves
Leaves shortly petiolate above, more distinctly petiolate below, lanceolate-elliptic, 3–9 × 1.6–3.5 cm
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescense with 1 or 2 dense, many-flowered head-like verticils
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 10–20 mm long, cylindrical with spreading horizontal teeth 1–4 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla bright yellow, 25–35 mm long, 2-lipped, posterior strongly hooded, anterior spreading
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 4, held under posterior lip
[FTEA]

Extinction risk predictions for the world's flowering plants to support their conservation (2024). Bachman, S.P., Brown, M.J.M., Leão, T.C.C., Lughadha, E.N., Walker, B.E. https://nph.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/nph.19592

Conservation
Predicted extinction risk: not threatened. Confidence: confident
[AERP]

Sources

  • Angiosperm Extinction Risk Predictions v1

    • Angiosperm Threat Predictions
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
  • Flora Zambesiaca

    • Flora Zambesiaca
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images