Plectranthus verticillatus (L.f.) Druce

First published in Rep. Bot. Soc. Exch. Club Brit. Isles 4: 640 (1916 publ. 1917)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is S. Mozambique to S. Africa. It is a subshrub and grows primarily in the subtropical biome. It is has environmental uses.

Descriptions

Distribution
Biogeografic region: Andean. Elevation range: 700–2700 m a.s.l. Cultivated in Colombia. Colombian departments: Antioquia, Bogotá DC, Boyacá, Caldas, Cundinamarca, Nariño, Quindío, Santander, Valle del Cauca.
Habit
Herb, Subshrub.
[UPFC]

Extinction risk predictions for the world's flowering plants to support their conservation (2024). Bachman, S.P., Brown, M.J.M., Leão, T.C.C., Lughadha, E.N., Walker, B.E. https://nph.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/nph.19592

Conservation
Predicted extinction risk: not threatened. Confidence: confident
[AERP]

Bernal, R., G. Galeano, A. Rodríguez, H. Sarmiento y M. Gutiérrez. 2017. Nombres Comunes de las Plantas de Colombia. http://www.biovirtual.unal.edu.co/nombrescomunes/

Vernacular
millonaria, sinvergüenza
[UNAL]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Cultivada en Colombia; Alt. 700 - 2700 m.; Andes, Valle del Cauca.
Morphology General Habit
Hierba, subarbusto
[CPLC]

J. R. Timberlake, E. S. Martins (2013). Flora Zambesiaca, Vol 8: part 8. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew

Type
Type: South Africa, Cape, Thunberg s.n. (LINN 749.4 holotype).
Morphology General Habit
Fleshy creeping herb to 0.25 m tall when flowering; aromatic- Stems decumbent, quadrangular, branched, rooting from nodes, pubescent with short spreading and antrorse hairs and scattered red sessile glands
Morphology Leaves
Leaves fleshy, spreading, petiolate; blade 15–20 × 15–20 mm, rotund, crenate, apex round, base broadly cuneate; sparsely pubescent, with reddish sessile glands; petiole 5–7 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence lax, one-sided with 2–4-flowered verticils 10–15 mm apart, bract subtending sessile, opposite or subopposite 1–2-flowered cymes; bract 2–3 mm long, elliptic to subulate, pubescent, persistent, forming a small apical coma; pedicel 5–6 mm long, slightly flattened, spreading
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 3 mm long, pubescent, with reddish sessile glands; fruiting calyx spreading, 5–7 mm long, tubular, slightly curved with pedicel attached ± at centre of calyx base; throat oblique; posterior lip obovate, apex acute to obtuse, curving upwards, not decurrent; lobes of anterior lip curving upwards; lateral lobes deltoid or lanceolate, slightly closer to median lobes than posterior lip; median lobes lanceolate, longer than laterals
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla white, pubescent, red sessile glands on lobes, 10 mm long; tube 6 mm long, curving slightly downward, dorsally slightly saccate near base, not narrowing towards throat; posterior lip 4-lobed, equal to anterior lip, erect to reflexed; anterior lip 4 mm long, cucullate, horizontal-Stamens free
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nutlets brown, 1 mm long, ovoid, minutely rugulose; producing a small amount of mucilage when wet.
Distribution
Mozambique. Also in South Africa and cultivated in Kenya.
Ecology
On forest floor on rock or sand; 0–100 m.
Conservation
Widespread; Least Concern.
Recognition
The calyx is less oblique than in related species, though the median lobes of the anterior lip are fused together for a slightly longer distance than the median and lateral teeth.
[FZ]

Uses

Use Environmental
Environmental uses.
[UPFC]

Sources

  • Angiosperm Extinction Risk Predictions v1

    • Angiosperm Threat Predictions
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
  • Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora Zambesiaca

    • Flora Zambesiaca
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images
  • Universidad Nacional de Colombia

    • ColPlantA database
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0