Plectranthus verticillatus (L.f.) Druce

First published in Rep. Bot. Soc. Exch. Club Brit. Isles 4: 640 (1916 publ. 1917)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is S. Mozambique to S. Africa. It is a subshrub and grows primarily in the subtropical biome. It is has environmental uses.


Biogeografic region: Andean. Elevation range: 700–2700 m a.s.l. Cultivated in Colombia. Colombian departments: Antioquia, Bogotá DC, Boyacá, Caldas, Cundinamarca, Nariño, Quindío, Santander, Valle del Cauca.
Herb, Subshrub.

Extinction risk predictions for the world's flowering plants to support their conservation (2024). Bachman, S.P., Brown, M.J.M., Leão, T.C.C., Lughadha, E.N., Walker, B.E.

Predicted extinction risk: not threatened. Confidence: confident

Bernal, R., G. Galeano, A. Rodríguez, H. Sarmiento y M. Gutiérrez. 2017. Nombres Comunes de las Plantas de Colombia.

millonaria, sinvergüenza

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá.

Cultivada en Colombia; Alt. 700 - 2700 m.; Andes, Valle del Cauca.
Morphology General Habit
Hierba, subarbusto

J. R. Timberlake, E. S. Martins (2013). Flora Zambesiaca, Vol 8: part 8. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew

Type: South Africa, Cape, Thunberg s.n. (LINN 749.4 holotype).
Morphology General Habit
Fleshy creeping herb to 0.25 m tall when flowering; aromatic- Stems decumbent, quadrangular, branched, rooting from nodes, pubescent with short spreading and antrorse hairs and scattered red sessile glands
Morphology Leaves
Leaves fleshy, spreading, petiolate; blade 15–20 × 15–20 mm, rotund, crenate, apex round, base broadly cuneate; sparsely pubescent, with reddish sessile glands; petiole 5–7 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence lax, one-sided with 2–4-flowered verticils 10–15 mm apart, bract subtending sessile, opposite or subopposite 1–2-flowered cymes; bract 2–3 mm long, elliptic to subulate, pubescent, persistent, forming a small apical coma; pedicel 5–6 mm long, slightly flattened, spreading
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 3 mm long, pubescent, with reddish sessile glands; fruiting calyx spreading, 5–7 mm long, tubular, slightly curved with pedicel attached ± at centre of calyx base; throat oblique; posterior lip obovate, apex acute to obtuse, curving upwards, not decurrent; lobes of anterior lip curving upwards; lateral lobes deltoid or lanceolate, slightly closer to median lobes than posterior lip; median lobes lanceolate, longer than laterals
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla white, pubescent, red sessile glands on lobes, 10 mm long; tube 6 mm long, curving slightly downward, dorsally slightly saccate near base, not narrowing towards throat; posterior lip 4-lobed, equal to anterior lip, erect to reflexed; anterior lip 4 mm long, cucullate, horizontal-Stamens free
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nutlets brown, 1 mm long, ovoid, minutely rugulose; producing a small amount of mucilage when wet.
Mozambique. Also in South Africa and cultivated in Kenya.
On forest floor on rock or sand; 0–100 m.
Widespread; Least Concern.
The calyx is less oblique than in related species, though the median lobes of the anterior lip are fused together for a slightly longer distance than the median and lateral teeth.


Use Environmental
Environmental uses.


  • Angiosperm Extinction Risk Predictions v1

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  • Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • Flora Zambesiaca

    • Flora Zambesiaca
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

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  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at and
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants.
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at and
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants.
  • Kew Science Photographs

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  • Universidad Nacional de Colombia

    • ColPlantA database
  • Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia