Echiochilon Desf.

This genus is accepted, and its native range is N. Africa to Kenya and S. Pakistan.

[FTEA]

Boraginaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1991

Morphology General Habit
Usually perennial (one species a herbaceous annual) with spreading or ascending branched stems, becoming woody with age, sparsely to densely hairy, the leaf-hairs often arising from well-developed mineralized discoid bases
Morphology Leaves
Leaves all cauline, mostly alternate but lowest on a shoot opposite and in one species all opposite, rather thick or somewhat succulent, narrow and elongate, mostly without visible nervation, the margins somewhat involute
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences few–many-flowered, bracteate, with flowers interspersed among leaves along the outer half of the leafy shoot or aggregated into erect elongating pseudo-racemose clusters terminating the leafy stems and branches, never distinctly scorpioid; pedicels short and stout or obsolete
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx-lobes 5, oblong to lanceolate or oblanceolate, equal or very unequal, sometimes united at base into a very short tube
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla white, lilac, blue or reddish purple, sometimes pale but becoming blue or purple with age, salver-shaped or funnel-shaped, symmetrical to strongly zygomorphic, outside glabrous to strigulose or pubescent or with minute stipitate glands, hairy at the throat; lobes rounded, obovate, ovate or semicircular, equal or unequal
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 5 with unequal filaments, included or shortly exserted
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style short or extending only to the throat, never exserted, slender, entire or in one species very shortly bilobed at the apex
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nutlets 1–4, grey to reddish, broadly lanceolate, ovate or cordate in dorsal outline, dorsally not or imperfectly ridged, ventrally obtuse or with median keel.

Native to:

Algeria, Djibouti, Egypt, Ethiopia, Gulf States, India, Iran, Kenya, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Saudi Arabia, Sinai, Socotra, Somalia, Sudan, Tunisia, Western Sahara, Yemen

Echiochilon Desf. appears in other Kew resources:

First published in Fl. Atlant. 1: 166 (1798)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (2001). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS E-F: 1-50919.

Literature

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Fl. Atlant. 1: 166, t. 47 (1798)
  • I.M. Johnston in Journ. Arn. Arb. 38: 261 (1957) (detailed revision)

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0