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This species is accepted, and its native range is Egypt to N. Tanzania, Arabian Peninsula, Pakistan to NW. India.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Pungent shrub up to 25–40 cm or more tall, sparsely to much branched
Morphology Stem
Young stems dull greyish, densely pubescent with 0.1–0.3 mm long spreading hairs
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-blades entire, narrowly obovate to obovate, up to 22 x11 mm, densely pubescent with antrorse to spreading up to 0.6 mm long hairs all over, apex mucronate with up to 1–1.5 mm long spine, base attenuate; petiole up to 3–4 mm long; leaves on axillary shoots pungent without blade, up to 15 x 6 mm including up to 11 mm long apical spine and one or more up to 9 mm long lateral spines
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Flowers open during the night, in dense scorpioid cymes in leaf-axils; bracts leaf-like; bracteoles with reduced blade, unequal, up to 27 x 20 mm including up to 11 mm long apical spine and 2 pairs of lateral spines
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx scarious; upper lobe ovate, up to 22 x16 mm including up to 2 mm long apical spine, usually without pointed lateral spines, but sometimes a few bristle-like ones present; lower lobe obtuse or pointed, up to 15 x7 mm, unarmed
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla white, turning blue on drying, 65–100 mm long including cylindrical tube of 65–90 mm
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 2, with 2-celled anthers; staminodes 3
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule 4-seeded, up to 11 mm long, tapering into a short beak, glabrous.
Distribution
N1
Ecology
Altitude range 690–1080 m.
Note
B. acanthoides and B. mucronifolia constitute a complex that is here divided into two species, but further studies and better material may show that further species should be recognized. As circumscribed here, B. acanthoides is characterized by its up to 90 mm long cylindrical corolla-tube and its upper calyx-lobes with usually soft, bristle-like lateral spines, whereas B. mucronifolia has a corolla-tube up to 42 mm long and upper calyx-lobes that are often large and irregular and with hard, pointed lateral spines.

Native to:

Chad, Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, India, Kenya, Oman, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen

Barleria acanthoides Vahl appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Ash [1235], Ethiopia 35624.000
Stocks, J.E. [s.n.], India K000449701
Christenhusz, M.J.M., Kamau, P., Mbale, M. [6677], Kenya K000696608
Royle, J.F. [Cat. no. 2500], India Barleria trinervis K001116221
s.coll. [Cat. no. 2500], India Barleria trinervis K001116220

First published in Symb. Bot. 1: 47 (1790)

Accepted by

  • Boulos, L. (2002). Flora of Egypt 3: 1-373. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Collenette, S. (1999). Wildflowers of Saudi Arabia: 1-799. National commission for wildlife conservation and development (NCWCD), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Darbyshire, I., Vollesen, K. & Kelbessa, E. (2010). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Acanthaceae (Part 2): 287-756.
  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2011). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 2: 1-429. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Ghazanfar, S.A. (1992). An Annotated Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Oman and their Vernacular names Scripta Botanica Belgica 2: 1-153.
  • Govaerts, R. (1996). World Checklist of Seed Plants 2(1, 2): 1-492. MIM, Deurne.
  • Hedberg, I., Kelbessa, E., Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Persson, E. (eds.) (2006). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 5: 1-690. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Malik, K.A. & Ghafoor, A. (1988). Flora of Pakistan 188: 1-79. Department of Botany, University of Karachi, Karachi.
  • Rechinger, K.H. (1966). Flora Iranica 24: 1-9. Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz.
  • Shendage, S.M. & Yadav, S.R. (2010). Revision of the genus Barleria (Acanthaceae) in India Rheedea 20: 81-130.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) (2006). Flora of Somalia 3: 1-626. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Boulos, L. (2002). Flora of Egypt 3: 1-373. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2011). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 2: 1-429. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Shendage, S.M. & Yadav, S.R. (2010). Revision of the genus Barleria (Acanthaceae) in India Rheedea 20: 81-130.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, (2000) Author: by M. Hedrén [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
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Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
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Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0