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This species is accepted, and its native range is W. Zimbabwe to Northern Prov.


Flora Zambesiaca Acanthaceae (part 2) by Iain Darbyshire, Kaj Vollesen and Ensermu Kelbessa

Morphology General Habit
Spiny shrub, erect or straggling, 90–150 cm tall; stems densely hairy with mixed long ascending buff-coloured or greyish hairs and shorter finer retrorse or spreading hairs, upper internodes usually with interspersed spreading glandular hairs.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves sometimes absent at fruiting, broadly ovate or elliptic, 1.2–3 × 0.8–2.2 cm, base rounded to cuneate, apex acute or obtuse, mucronate, surfaces with numerous ascending pale buff or greyish hairs, most dense on veins beneath; lateral veins 3–4 pairs, prominent beneath; petiole 1–7.5 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence axillary, numerous in upper portion of branches, each a contracted (1)2–6-flowered unilateral cyme; primary peduncle 2–7(9) mm long; bracteoles stoutly spinose, first pair (10)17–31 × 1–2 mm, often disproportionately longer than others in cyme, soon turning straw-coloured, triangular in cross-section, margin entire, pairs persisting at lower nodes as long paired axillary spines.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx green or purplish at first with darker venation but soon turning straw-coloured; anterior lobe narrowly oblong, lanceolate or somewhat oblanceolate, 7.5–15 × 2.5–5 mm, base cuneate, margin entire or with minute teeth near apex, apex usually with (1)2–3 mucronate teeth, surface densely silky-hairy with mixed ascending eglandular and spreading glandular hairs, usually obscuring surface; posterior lobe oblong-lanceolate, 8.5–16.5 mm long, apex acute, stiffly mucronate; lateral lobes linear-lanceolate, 7–14.5 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla (23)26–31(36) mm long, blue or mauve, with numerous pale retrorse eglandular hairs and few spreading glandular hairs externally; tube 14.5–21 mm long, cylindrical below attachment point of stamens, widening gradually towards mouth; limb in 2+3 arrangement; abaxial and lateral lobes 8.5–14 × 7.5–13.5 mm; adaxial lobes 3.5–6 × 2.5–4.5 mm.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens attached 7–10 mm from base of corolla tube; filaments 11–21 mm long; anthers 3.5–5.5 mm long; lateral staminodes 1.5–2.5 mm long, minutely glandular towards base, antherodes undeveloped or rarely to 0.8 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary with few to numerous pale straight hairs towards apex, extending onto style base; stigma linear, 0.8–1.3 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule 12.5–16.5 mm long, with few pale hairs at apex.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds c.5 × 5 mm.
Also in South Africa (North West Province, Limpopo).
Open bushland on dry rocky slopes and outcrops; c.1100 m.
Conservation notes: Although highly restricted in its range, it is locally common in NE South Africa and was plentiful in the Nylstroom Mts (Obermeijer 1933). Its current status in Zimbabwe is not known, though it is clearly rare having not been recollected since 1929. The main habitats are not threatened.

Native to:

Northern Provinces, Zimbabwe

Barleria bremekampii Oberm. appears in other Kew resources:

First published in Ann. Transvaal Mus. 15: 162 (1933)

Accepted by

  • Darbyshire, I., Vollesen, K. & Kelbessa, E. (2015). Flora Zambesiaca 8(6): 1-314. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Govaerts, R. (1996). World Checklist of Seed Plants 2(1, 2): 1-492. MIM, Deurne.


Flora Zambesiaca

  • in Ann. Transv. Mus. 15: 162 (1933).
  • —Fabian & Germishuizen, Wild Fl. Nthn. S. Afr.: 390, pl.187 (1997).
  • —Phillips in Fl. Pl. Afr. 23: t.893 (1943).

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at and
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at and
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.