Skip to main content
This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical Asia.
Barleria cristata

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Cultivada en Colombia; Alt. 10 - 100 m.; Llanura del Caribe.
Morphology General Habit
Hierba, subarbusto

[FZ]

Flora Zambesiaca Acanthaceae (part 2) by Iain Darbyshire, Kaj Vollesen and Ensermu Kelbessa

Morphology General Habit
Subshrub; cystoliths present.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves elliptic, ovate or lanceolate, base and apex attenuate or acute, surfaces strigose mainly on veins beneath.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers held in contracted 2–5-flowered unilateral cymes, or single-flowered in upper leaf axils; bracteoles linear-lanceolate, 8.5–16 mm long, apex spine-tipped.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx conspicuous, initially green or tinged purple, turning scarious, anterior and posterior lobes ovate-trullate, the former 14.5–19 × 6.5–8.5 mm, the latter somewhat longer, margins spinulose-toothed; lateral lobes lanceolate, 6–8 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla blue, mauve or white, tube cylindrical towards base, campanulate above attachment point of stamens, 31–43 mm long; limb of 5 lobes, abaxial lobe splitting from tube before remaining 4 lobes, each 11–22 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 2, exserted, bithecous, thecae at equal height; staminodes 3, lateral pair with small antherodes.
Ecology
Native of tropical and subtropical Asia. Widely and commonly cultivated in the tropics.
Vernacular
Philippine Violet.

Native to:

Andaman Is., Assam, Bangladesh, Cambodia, China South-Central, China Southeast, East Himalaya, Hainan, India, Jawa, Laos, Malaya, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Pakistan, Panamá, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam, West Himalaya

Introduced into:

Bahamas, Caroline Is., Christmas I., Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Fiji, Florida, Haiti, Hawaii, Honduras, Jamaica, Leeward Is., Marianas, Marquesas, Marshall Is., Mauritius, New Caledonia, Niue, Puerto Rico, Rodrigues, Réunion, Society Is., Southwest Caribbean, Tanzania, Trinidad-Tobago, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Windward Is.

Barleria cristata L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Dec 22, 2015 Chamchumroon, V. et al. [5526], Thailand K000938776
Bidgood, S. et al. [5027] 74601.000
Cavalerie, J. [2685], Yunnan K000885377
s.coll. [Cat. no. 2506] K001116253
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 2506], Nepal K001116254
s.coll. [Cat. no. 2506] K001116251
s.coll. [Cat. no. 2506] K001116250
s.coll. [Cat. no. 2506] K001116252
s.coll. [Cat. no. 2506] K001116257
s.coll. [Cat. no. 2506] K001116256
s.coll. [Cat. no. 2506] K001116255
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 7144], Myanmar Barleria laciniata K001126780
s.coll. [Cat. no. 2507] Barleria ciliata K001116259
s.coll. [Cat. no. 2507] Barleria ciliata K001116260
s.coll. [Cat. no. 2507] Barleria ciliata K001116258
s.coll. [Cat. no. 2507] Barleria ciliata K001116261
s.coll. [Cat. no. 2508] Barleria dichotoma K001116263
s.coll. [Cat. no. 2508] Barleria dichotoma K001116266
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 2508], Nepal Barleria dichotoma K001116269
Wallich, N. [2508], Malaysia Barleria dichotoma K000885452
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 2508] Barleria dichotoma K001116275
s.coll. [Cat. no. 2508] Barleria dichotoma K001116268
De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 2508] Barleria dichotoma K001116270
s.coll. [Cat. no. 2508] Barleria dichotoma K001116264
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 2508] Barleria dichotoma K001116272
s.coll. [Cat. no. 2508] Barleria dichotoma K001116267
s.coll. [Cat. no. 2508] Barleria dichotoma K001116262
s.coll. [Cat. no. 2508] Barleria dichotoma K001116265
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 2508] Barleria dichotoma K001116274
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 2508] Barleria dichotoma K001116273
Porter, G. [Cat. no. 2508], Malaysia Barleria dichotoma K001116271

First published in Sp. Pl.: 636 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
  • Balkrishna, A. (2018). Flora of Morni Hills (Research & Possibilities): 1-581. Divya Yoga Mandir Trust.
  • Bosser, J. & al. (eds.) (2000). Flore des Mascareignes 127-135: 1. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
  • Correa A., Mireya D. Galdames, Carmen Correa A., M. D., C. Galdames & M. S. de Stapf (2004). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares de Panamá: 1-599. Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute.
  • Darbyshire, I., Vollesen, K. & Kelbessa, E. (2010). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Acanthaceae (Part 2): 287-756.
  • Fosberg, F.R., Sachet, M.-H., Oliver, R. (1979). A geographical checklist of the Micronesian Dicotyledonae Micronesica; Journal of the College of Guam 15: 41-295.
  • George, A.S., Orchard, A.E. & Hewson, H.J. (eds.) (1993). Oceanic islands 2 Flora of Australia 50: 1-606. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
  • Govaerts, R. (1996). World Checklist of Seed Plants 2(1, 2): 1-492. MIM, Deurne.
  • Grierson, A.J.C. & Long, D.G. (2001). Flora of Bhutan 2: 1-1675. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
  • Heine, H. (1976). Flore de la Nouvelle-Calédonie et Dépendances 7: 1-212. Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris.
  • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590. Smithsonian Institution.
  • Kumar, S. (2012). Herbaceous flora of Jaunsar-Bawar (Uttarkhand), India: enumerations Phytotaxonomy 12: 33-56.
  • Lorence, D.H. & Wagnwe, W.L. (2020). Flora of the Marquesas Islands 2: 413-1135. National Tropical Botanic Garden, Smithsonian, DRPF.
  • Lê, T.C. (2005). Danh l?c các loài th?c v?t Vi?t Nam 3: 1-1248. Hà N?i : Nhà xu?t b?n Nông nghi?p.
  • MacKee, H.S. (1994). Catalogue des plantes introduites et cultivées en Nouvelle-Calédonie, ed. 2: 1-164. Museum national d'histoire naturelle, Paris.
  • Malik, K.A. & Ghafoor, A. (1988). Flora of Pakistan 188: 1-79. Department of Botany, University of Karachi, Karachi.
  • Maliya, S.D. & Datt, B. (2010). A contribution to the flora of Katarniyaghat wildlife sanctuary, Baharaich district, Uttar Pradesh Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 34: 42-68.
  • Meena, S.L. (2012). A checklist of the vascular plants of Banaskantha district, Gujarat, India Nelumbo 54: 39-91.
  • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
  • Ningombam, D.S. (2014). The family Acanthaceae for the flora of Manipur: 1-115. LAP Lambert academic publishing.
  • Sarmah, K.K. & Borthakur, S.K. (2009). A checklist of angiospermic plants of Manas national park in Assam, India Pleione 3: 190-200.
  • Shendage, S.M. & Yadav, S.R. (2010). Revision of the genus Barleria (Acanthaceae) in India Rheedea 20: 81-130.
  • Sikarwar, R.L.S. (2014). Angiosperm diversity assessment of Chitrakootthe legendary place of Vindhyan range, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 38: 563-619.
  • Sykes, W.R. (1970). Contributions to the flora of Niue Bulletin, New Zealand Department of Scientific and Industrial Research 200: 1-321.
  • Wagner, W.L., Herbst, D.R. & Sohmer, S.H. (1999). Manual of the Flowering Plants of Hawai'i, rev. ed., 1: 1-988. University of Hawai'i Press, Bishop Museum Press.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2011). Flora of China 19: 1-884. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).

Literature

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • ColPlantA (2021). "ColPlantA. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://www.colplanta.org/"

Flora Zambesiaca

  • —Darbyshire in F.T.E.A., Acanthaceae: 353 (2010).
  • —Maroyi in Kirkia 18: 193 (2006).

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
  • Bosser, J. & al. (eds.) (2000). Flore des Mascareignes 127-135: 1. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
  • Correa A., Mireya D. Galdames, Carmen Correa A., M. D., C. Galdames & M. S. de Stapf (2004). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares de Panamá: 1-599. Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute.
  • Darbyshire, I., Vollesen, K. & Kelbessa, E. (2010). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Acanthaceae (Part 2): 287-756.
  • Fosberg, F.R., Sachet, M.-H., Oliver, R. (1979). A geographical checklist of the Micronesian Dicotyledonae Micronesica; Journal of the College of Guam 15: 41-295.
  • Heine, H. (1976). Flore de la Nouvelle-Calédonie et Dépendances 7: 1-212. Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris.
  • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  • Lorence, D.H. & Wagnwe, W.L. (2020). Flora of the Marquesas Islands 2: 413-1135. National Tropical Botanic Garden, Smithsonian, DRPF.
  • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
  • Ningombam, D.S. (2014). The family Acanthaceae for the flora of Manipur: 1-115. LAP Lambert academic publishing.
  • Pandey, R.P. (2009). Floristic diversity of Ferrargunj forest area in South Andaman Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 33: 747-768.
  • Shendage, S.M. & Yadav, S.R. (2010). Revision of the genus Barleria (Acanthaceae) in India Rheedea 20: 81-130.
  • Sykes, W.R. (1970). Contributions to the flora of Niue Bulletin, New Zealand Department of Scientific and Industrial Research 200: 1-321.
  • USDA, NRCS ( 2021-continuously updated). Natural Resources Conservation Services Plant Database http://plants.usda.gov/cgi_bin/topics.cgi?earl=checklist.html.
  • Wagner, W.L., Herbst, D.R. & Sohmer, S.H. (1999). Manual of the Flowering Plants of Hawai'i, rev. ed., 1: 1-988. University of Hawai'i Press, Bishop Museum Press.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2011). Flora of China 19: 1-884. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).

Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/