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This species is accepted, and its native range is Benin to Eritrea and Tanzania.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FWTA]

Acanthaceae, H. Heine. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

Morphology General Habit
Low prickly semi-shrub up to 75 cm. high
Morphology General Spines
Spines up to 1 in. long
Morphology Leaves
Leaves bright green, smooth
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers pale orange, corolla-tube about 1 in. long.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Pungent shrub up to 20 cm tall, fairly much branched from the base; young stems almost glabrous but with some appressed up to c. 1 mm long hairs at nodes
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-blades oblanceolate to narrowly obovate, up to 40–55 x 14–23 mm, almost glabrous but with some up to 1 mm long spreading to appressed hairs along veins and margins, apex mucronate with spine up to c. 2.5 mm long, base attenuate; petiole indistinct, c. 1–4 mm long
Morphology General Spines
Axillary spines 4 in each leaf-axil, up to 13–17 mm long, on up to c. 1 mm long common stalk
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence apical and spike-like, composed of strongly contracted upper nodes with axillary single flowers; bracts lanceolate, leaf-like, sometimes with glands on lower surface towards base, up to 20–27 x 5.5 mm, mucronate with apical spine up to c. 5 mm long; bracteoles narrowly lanceolate-mucronate with little blade, transformed into spines, up to 16–20 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx green or whitish green, glabrous; outer lobes equal, ovate-mucronate, up to 16–17 mm long, including a spine of about half the length
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla cream orange, 25–34 mm long, lobes subequal, tube narrow, 25–27 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule 2-seeded, up to12 mm long, tapering into a long beak, glabrous.
Distribution
N1; C2; S2 eastern tropical Africa
Ecology
Altitude range 150–1580 m.
Vernacular
Shasha, wana ad (Somali).

Native to:

Benin, Cameroon, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Niger, Nigeria, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania

Barleria eranthemoides R.Br. ex C.B.Clarke appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Feb 25, 1897 Schimper, W. [2194], Ethiopia K000394471
Keay, R.W.J. [28030], Nigeria 2796.000
Ash [1571], Ethiopia 35659.000

First published in D.Oliver & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Trop. Afr. 5: 147 (1899)

Accepted by

  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Darbyshire, I., Vollesen, K. & Kelbessa, E. (2010). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Acanthaceae (Part 2): 287-756.
  • Govaerts, R. (1996). World Checklist of Seed Plants 2(1, 2): 1-492. MIM, Deurne.
  • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) (2006). Flora of Somalia 3: 1-626. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • in F.T.A. 5: 147 (1899).

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, (2000) Author: by M. Hedrén [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0