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This species is accepted, and its native range is Mauritania, S. Tropical & S. Africa.
Barleria lancifolia T.Anderson

[FZ]

Flora Zambesiaca Acanthaceae (part 2) by Iain Darbyshire, Kaj Vollesen and Ensermu Kelbessa

Morphology General Habit
Perennial herb or subshrub 30–70 cm tall, woody at base; lower stems densely and minutely white-velutinous, uppermost internodes with ± numerous spreading glandular hairs, sparsely to densely puberulent, sometimes with scattered appressed-strigulose hairs.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves lanceolate, narrowly ovate-elliptic or ovate, 2.8–10.5 × 1–3 cm, base attenuate or cuneate, apex acute or rarely obtuse, apiculate, surfaces soon glabrescent except for margin and midrib beneath sparsely strigulose; lateral veins 4–5 pairs; petiole to 15 mm. Leaf buds densely white-strigulose and/or white-velutinous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence axillary in upper portion of branches, 1–3-flowered; peduncle 0–8(25) mm long; bracts foliaceous, often much-reduced at upper nodes where typically linear or oblanceolate, 11–20 × 2–5 mm, often with scattered glandular hairs; bracteoles linear, oblanceolate or narrowly elliptic-lanceolate, 6–20.5 × 0.5–3.5 mm, spreading glandular-pubescent, veins strigulose; pedicels 0–4.5 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx somewhat accrescent; outer lobes equal, elliptic to ovate, 7–15.5 × 4.5–9.5 mm in flower, 12.5–20 × 9.5–13.5 mm in fruit, base rounded to acute, apex rounded to subattenuate, that of anterior lobe often minutely notched, external surface ± densely spreading glandular-pubescent, main veins also strigulose, internal surface puberulous, venation palmate or subparallel, prominent; lateral lobes lanceolate, 5–9.5 mm long in flower, 9–13 mm in fruit.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla 26.5–41.5 mm long, blue, mauve or lilac with paler tube, whole flower sometimes whitish at anthesis, lateral lobes eglandular- and glandular-pubescent externally, elsewhere glabrous; tube funnel-shaped or narrowly so, 13–18.5 mm long, basal 3.5–7.5 mm being 3.5–4.5 mm wide, rapidly to gradually widening to 5.5–10 mm at throat; limb in 4+1 arrangement; abaxial lobe 12–18.5 × 7.5–15 mm, offset by 3.5–7 mm; lateral lobes 10–16 × 7.5–14 mm; adaxial lobes as laterals but 6–10 mm wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens attached 4–5 mm from corolla base; filaments 16.5–25 mm long; anthers 3–4.5 mm; lateral staminodes 0.7–1.3 mm.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary densely puberulous in distal half; style glabrous; stigma 1.5–2.5 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule 14–17.5 mm long, puberulous mainly on beak.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds c.6.5 × 5 mm.
Distribution
Also in Angola, Namibia, Swaziland and South Africa (Limpopo, North West, Gauteng, Mpumalanga, KwaZulu-Natal, Northern Cape).
Ecology
Various types of dry woodland (Acacia, mopane), thicket and open wooded grassland, scrub on open rocky hillslopes, sandy or clay soils; 100–1200 m.
Conservation
Conservation notes: Widespread and often common; Least Concern.

Native to:

Botswana, Cape Provinces, KwaZulu-Natal, Mauritania, Mozambique, Namibia, Northern Provinces, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Cuba

Barleria lancifolia T.Anderson appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Nov 1, 2008 Crawford, F. [16], Namibia K000450263
Jun 1, 2008 Crawford, F. [16], Namibia K000450264
May 1, 2008 Kolberg et al. [HK1472], Namibia K000449632
Gossweiler [10960], Angola K000394512 isotype
Welwitsch [5195], Angola K000394514
Gerrard, W.T. [1266], South Africa K000394532 syntype

First published in J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot. 7: 28 (1863)

Accepted by

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Darbyshire, I., Manzitto-Tripp, E.A. & Chase, F.M. (2021). A taxonomic revision of Acanthaceae tribe Barlerieae in Angola and Namibia. Part 2 Kew Bulletin 76: 127-190. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Darbyshire, I., Vollesen, K. & Kelbessa, E. (2015). Flora Zambesiaca 8(6): 1-314. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Govaerts, R. (1996). World Checklist of Seed Plants 2(1, 2): 1-492. MIM, Deurne.

Literature

Flora Zambesiaca

  • in J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 7: 28 (1863).
  • in Merxmüller, Prodr. Fl. SW Afr. 130: 15 (1968).
  • —Compton, Fl. Swaziland: 553 (1976).
  • —Fabian & Germishuizen, Wild Fl. Nthn. S. Afr.: 390, pl.187 (1997).
  • —Meyer in Mitt. Bot. Staatssamml. München 2: 381 (1957).
  • —Moore in J. Bot. 40: 407 (1902).
  • —Obermeijer in Ann. Transv. Mus. 15: 147 (1933), excl. B. alata S. Moore.

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Plants and People Africa
Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
© Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/