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This species is accepted, and its native range is E. & S. Ethiopia to N. Kenya, Arabian Peninsula.
Barleria proxima

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Type
Types from Ethiopia and N1, “Lafaru”, Riva 253 (FT syn.)
Morphology General Habit
Pungent shrub up to 10–60(–200) cm tall, moderately to fairly muched branched
Morphology Stem
Young stems green, almost glabrous to sparsely pubescent with 0.2–0.3 mm long spreading hairs and appressed 2-fid hairs up to 0.7 mm long at nodes
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-blades narrowly obovate to ovate, up to 13–60 x 6.5–27 mm, almost glabrous to fairly densely pubescent with 0.5–0.8 mm long appressed hairs mostly at veins and margins, apex mucronate with spine up to 1–1.5 mm long, base attenuate; petiole indistinct, up to 1–3 mm long
Morphology General Spines
Axillary spines 4 in each leaf-axil, up to 9–15(–25) mm long, on up to c. 1–1.5(–4) mm long common stalk
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence apical and spike-like, composed of contracted upper nodes with axillary single flowers; bracts oblanceolate to lanceolate, mucronate, leaf-like, often with dark glands on lower surface towards base, up to 15–22 x 6–8 mm; bracteoles almost without blade, narrowly lanceolate, transformed into spines up to 13–22 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx green or whitish green, glabrous or with some short glandular hairs; outer lobes similar, narrowly ovate-mucronate, up to 11–17 mm, the apical portion transformed into a spine
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla cream yellow to orange yellow, sometimes with dark lilac tube entrance, 20–37 mm long, 1 lobe united for c. 5–16 mm and 4 lobes for 12–25 mm into a narrow tube
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule 2-seeded, up to 12–14.5 mm long, tapering into a long beak, glabrous to finely pubescent.
Distribution
N1–3; C1, 2; S1–3
Ecology
Altitude range 100–1380 m.
Vernacular
Kodatol, qodaxtool (Somali).
Note
Plants from northern Somalia generally seem to lack dark glands on lower sides of bracts, and have somewhat smaller flowers and leaves, but otherwise agree with plants from southern Somalia. Some northern forms also tend to be low and cushion-forming. Most collections have evenly orange-coloured corollas, but in some, including the type of B. bicolor, they are dark purplish at the tube entrance and the upper portion of the tube.

Native to:

Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Yemen

Barleria proxima Lindau appears in other Kew resources:

First published in Annuario Reale Ist. Bot. Roma 6: 72 (1896)

Accepted by

  • Collenette, S. (1999). Wildflowers of Saudi Arabia: 1-799. National commission for wildlife conservation and development (NCWCD), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
  • Darbyshire, I., Vollesen, K. & Kelbessa, E. (2010). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Acanthaceae (Part 2): 287-756.
  • Govaerts, R. (1996). World Checklist of Seed Plants 2(1, 2): 1-492. MIM, Deurne.
  • Hedberg, I., Kelbessa, E., Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Persson, E. (eds.) (2006). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 5: 1-690. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Mosti, S., Raffaelli, M. & Tardelli, M. (2012). Contributions to the flora of central-southern Dhofar (Sultanate of Oman) Webbia; Raccolta de Scritti Botanici 67: 65-91.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) (2006). Flora of Somalia 3: 1-626. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Hedberg, I., Kelbessa, E., Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Persson, E. (eds.) (2006). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 5: 1-690. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Mosti, S., Raffaelli, M. & Tardelli, M. (2012). Contributions to the flora of central-southern Dhofar (Sultanate of Oman) Webbia; Raccolta de Scritti Botanici 67: 65-91.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, (2000) Author: by M. Hedrén [updated by M. Thulin 2008]
  • Pickering, H. & Awale, A. I. (2018). Introduction to plants in Central Somaliland. Ponte Invisibile, Redsea Cultural Foundation.

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/