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This species is accepted, and its native range is W. Zimbabwe to Limpopo.


Flora Zambesiaca Acanthaceae (part 2) by Iain Darbyshire, Kaj Vollesen and Ensermu Kelbessa

Morphology General Habit
Spiny perennial herb or subshrub 5–60 cm tall, from a woody rootstock; stems with upper internodes puberulous on two opposite sides, later glabrescent.
Morphology General Spines
Axillary spines (2)4-rayed, sessile or stalk to 1 mm long, longest ray 6–16 mm long.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves coriaceous with conspicuous white cartilaginous marginal rim, elliptic or somewhat obovate, 2.5–5.5 × 1–3.5 cm, base cuneate or attenuate, apex (sub)attenuate into stiff mucro, glabrous or midrib strigose beneath, broad sessile glands clustered towards base beneath; petiole 0–6 mm.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence axillary but clustered towards stem apex, forming a ± defined short spike to 5.5 cm long; bracts foliaceous but often reduced and more broadly obovate, typically 10–26 × 6–24 mm, apex often rounded and abruptly narrowed into a prominent mucro; bracteoles whitish except for darker midrib, linear-lanceolate or pairs at spike base oblanceolate, 8–15 × 0.7–1.5(2.5) mm, midrib strigose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx green(-brown) with paler margin; outer lobes subequal, ovate or lanceolate, anterior lobe 6–10 × 3–4 mm, posterior lobe 7–11.5 mm long, apex long attenuate into flexible spine, often notched on anterior lobe, venation inconspicuous, external surface glabrous except for occasional sunken glands, rarely strigulose along midrib; lateral lobes 6.5–9 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla 34.5–45.5 mm long, yellow or apricot-yellow, glabrous externally; tube 12.5–19 mm long; limb in 4+1 arrangement; abaxial lobe 8–14.5 × 4.5–7 mm, offset by 7–11 mm; lateral lobes 12–19.5 × 7–11 mm, adaxial lobes slightly narrower.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens with filaments 18.5–19.5 mm long, shortly pubescent in proximal half; anthers (3)3.5–4.2 mm; lateral staminodes 1–2.7 mm, pilose, antherodes 0.6–1 mm.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary glabrous; stigma linear, 1.2–1.9 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule 13.5–17.5 mm long, glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Only immature seeds seen, c.5.5 mm wide.
Also in South Africa (Limpopo).
On bare or sparsely vegetated sandy soils and stony road verges in Acacia woodland; 850–1500 m.
Conservation notes: Known from few localities but bare ground is a significant habitat; Least Concern.

Native to:

Botswana, Northern Provinces, Zimbabwe

Barleria randii S.Moore appears in other Kew resources:

First published in J. Bot. 38: 203 (1900)

Accepted by

  • Darbyshire, I., Vollesen, K. & Kelbessa, E. (2015). Flora Zambesiaca 8(6): 1-314. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Govaerts, R. (1996). World Checklist of Seed Plants 2(1, 2): 1-492. MIM, Deurne.


Flora Zambesiaca

  • in J. Bot. 38: 203 (1900).
  • —Burkill & Clarke in F.T.A. 5: 512 (1900).
  • —Obermeijer in Ann. Transv. Mus. 15: 142 (1933).
  • —Tredgold & Biegel, Rhod. Wild Fl.: 52, pl.35 (1979).

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at and
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at and
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.