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This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa.
Tinnea aethiopica Kotschy published illustration from Curtis's Botanical Magazine

[FWTA]

Labiatae, J. K. Morton. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

Morphology General Habit
A shrub, up to 8-10 ft. high
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Dusky purple flowers 1/2 in. long.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1–4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Shrub, 1–4 m tall
Morphology Leaves
Leaves petiolate; blade entire or crenate-serrate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence raceme-like, leafy, lax
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Fruiting calyx 11–19 mm long and 7–15 mm wide
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla 13–23 mm long, dark reddish brown or blackish purple
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nutlets 5–8 × 1.3–2.1 mm excluding the wing, 8–13 × 7–12 mm including the wing.

[FTEA]

Lamiaceae (Labiatae), A.J. Paton, G. Bramley, O. Ryding, R.M. Polhill, Y.B. Harvey, M. Iwarsson, F. Willis, P.B. Phillipson, K. Balkwill, C.W. Lukhoba, D.F. Otieno, & R.M. Harley. Tinnea, F. Willis. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2009

Type
Lectotype, see Vollesen, loc. cit. (1975): Hooker’s description and illustration based on a plant grown at Kew from seed collected by Mrs Tinne in Sudan
Morphology General Habit
Shrub or rarely a perennial herb with several stems from a woody rootstock, 0.8–5 m tall
Morphology Stem
Stem villous to pubescent or densely to sparsely sericeous with white to violet antrorse hairs and with colourless sessile glands
Morphology Leaves
Leaves elliptic to obovate, 0.4–6(–12) × 0.3–4.2 cm, entire or crenate to serrate in upper part with up to 6 pairs of teeth, apex acuminate, obtuse or retuse, sometimes recurved, base attenuate to truncate, rarely subcordate, often oblique, villous to subglabrous, midvein often with a tuft of white hairs at apex and margin; petiole 1–13(–20) mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence 7–50 cm long, with verticils 5–30(–45) mm apart, indistinct, with 5–7 flowers in the axils of lower leaves; bracts grading into leaves; bracteoles 1–6 mm long; pedicel in flower 3–14(–17) mm long and in fruit 5–20 mm long, with a joint above or below the middle, with antrorse or retrorse hairs
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Flowering calyx greenish brown, often purple at base, with violet veins, sometimes brownish purple all over, 6–13 mm long, 4–9 mm broad, sparsely villous to subglabrous, rarely sparsely sericeous, with white to violet hairs; fruiting calyx greenish brown to violet, darkest in colour at base, membranous, 11–23 mm long, 7–15 mm broad, splitting into two parts
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla scented, 10–23 mm long, anterior lip dark reddish brown to purple; tube lighter in colour, often yellowish, protruding part pilose to subglabrous, with sessile glands, 7–12 mm long; posterior lip 2–4 mm long; middle lobe of anterior lip 6–12 mm long and 5–12(–14) mm broad
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nutlets 5–8 mm long, glabrous, rarely pubescent; wing 5–10 mm diameter

Native to:

Angola, Benin, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Nigeria, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre

Introduced into:

Trinidad-Tobago

Tinnea aethiopica Kotschy ex Hook.f. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Nov 1, 2007 Festo [2632], Kenya K000479591
Oct 1, 2006 Kindeketa, W.J. et al. [2935], Tanzania K000247520
Hornby, R.M. [98a], Tanzania 11410.000
Meikle, R.D. [1208], Nigeria 2786.000
Tweedie, E.M. 33637.000

First published in Bot. Mag. 93: t. 5637 (1867)

Accepted by

  • Calane da Silva, M., Izdine, S. & Amuse, A.B. (2004). A Preliminary Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Mozambique: 1-184. SABONET, Pretoria.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Hedberg, I., Kelbessa, E., Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Persson, E. (eds.) (2006). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 5: 1-690. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
  • Paton, A.J., Bramley, G., Ryding, O., Polhill, R., Harvey, Y., Iwarsson, M., Willis, F., Phillipson, P., Balkwill, K., Lukhoba, C., Otiend, D & Harley (2009). Lamiaceae (Labiatae) Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-430.
  • Paton, A.J., Bramley, G., Ryding, O., Polhill, R.M., Harvey, Y.B., Iwarsson, M., Otieno, D., Balkwill, K., Phillipson, P.B., Harley, R.M. & Willis, F. (2013). Flora Zambesiaca 8(8): 1-346. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Bot. Mag. t. 5637
  • Bot. Mag. t. 6744
  • F.T.A. 5: 497
  • Plant. Tinn. 25, t. 11 (1867)
  • Robyns in Bull. Jard. Bot. Brux. 8: 182 (1930)

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, (2000) Author: by O. Ryding [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Bot. Mag. 93, t. 5637 (Apr. 1867)
  • Bot. Tidsskr. 70: 16, figs. 7, 8 (1975)
  • Fl. Eth. 5: 529 (2006).
  • Fl. Somalia 3: 321 (2006)
  • K.T.S.L.: 635, fig. (1994)
  • U.K.W.F. ed. 2: 284, t. 125 (1994)

Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0