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This species is accepted, and its native range is E. Tanzania (incl. Zanzibar) to NE. Mozambique.

[FZ]

Flora Zambesiaca Acanthaceae (part 2) by Iain Darbyshire, Kaj Vollesen and Ensermu Kelbessa

Morphology General Habit
Perennial herb or subshrub 15–120 cm tall, erect or decumbent; stems minutely pubescent on two opposite sides, more widespread when young, soon glabrescent.
Morphology General Spines
Axillary spines absent.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves ovate or elliptic, 6–11.5 × 3–5.8 cm, base attenuate, apex acute or obtuse, apiculate, glabrous on margin and veins, sparsely strigose beneath, sometimes shortly spreading-pubescent when young; petiole 5–30 mm.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a ± cylindrical strobilate terminal spike 3–10(15) cm long, each cymule 1(2)-flowered, subsessile; bracts imbricate, (oblong-)elliptic to obovate or lower pairs ovate, 12.5–24.5 × 5–18 mm, apex obtuse or rounded, mucronulate, surface densely pubescent with mixed shorter eglandular and longer glandular hairs, margin often glandular-pilose; bracteoles (elliptic-)lanceolate, 8.5–20 × 1–3.5 mm.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Anterior calyx lobe oblong-elliptic or -ovate, 12.5–20.5 × 4.5–8 mm, apex acute or subattenuate, often notched, indumentum as bracts, venation subparallel; posterior lobe more ovate, apex often attenuate; lateral lobes 10.5–15.5 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla 45–62 mm long, yellow, orange or apricot, pilose externally, some hairs glandular; tube 20–28 mm long; limb in 4+1 arrangement; abaxial lobe 17–23 × 10–13.5 mm, offset by 9–14 mm; lateral lobes 13.5–18 × 11.5–15 mm; adaxial lobes as laterals but 8.5–12.5 mm wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens with filaments 22–26.5 mm long, pubescent in proximal two-thirds; anthers 3.2–4.3 mm; lateral staminodes 1.5–3.5 mm, pilose, antherodes 1–1.3 mm.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary glabrous; stigma 0.7–1 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule 16–20 mm long, glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds 9–11 × 6.5–8.5 mm.
Distribution
Also in E Tanzania.
Ecology
Coastal bushland and grassland, foreshores, lowland riverine forest and thicket in Tanzania; 0–20 m.
Conservation
Conservation notes: Known from only a single specimen in the Flora area; coastal bushlands on the NE Mozambique islands are now largely degraded. Assessed as Near Threatened in F.T.E.A. but should be considered nationally threatened.

Native to:

Mozambique, Tanzania

Barleria rhynchocarpa Klotzsch appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Faulkner [2268], Tanzania Barleria sacleuxii 43398.000

First published in W.C.H.Peters, Naturw. Reise Mossambique 6(1): 205 (1861)

Accepted by

  • Darbyshire, I., Vollesen, K. & Kelbessa, E. (2010). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Acanthaceae (Part 2): 287-756.
  • Darbyshire, I., Vollesen, K. & Kelbessa, E. (2015). Flora Zambesiaca 8(6): 1-314. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Not accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (1996). World Checklist of Seed Plants 2(1, 2): 1-492. MIM, Deurne. [Cited as Crossandra nilotica.]

Literature

Flora Zambesiaca

  • in Peters, Naturw. Reise Mossamb. 6: 204 (1861).
  • —Darbyshire in F.T.E.A., Acanthaceae 2: 418 (2010).

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Darbyshire, I., Vollesen, K. & Kelbessa, E. (2015). Flora Zambesiaca 8(6): 1-314. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0