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This species is accepted, and its native range is W. Tropical Africa to SW. Kenya.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FWTA]

Acanthaceae, H. Heine. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

Morphology General Habit
Habit of the last (Brillantaisia madagascarensis) and with similar violet-purple flowers about 1 in. long.

[FTEA]

Acanthaceae (part 2), Kaj Vollesen. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2008

Type
Type: Bioko [Fernando Po], Vogel 179 (K!, holo.; K!, iso.)
Morphology General Habit
Annual or short-lived perennial herb; stems up to 1.5 m tall, basal part creeping and rooting, apical part erect, glabrous or puberulous on upper nodes
Morphology Leaves
Leaves with petiole up to 14 cm long; lamina ovate-cordiform or broadly so, largest (5–)7–14(–35) × 5–10(–15) cm, apex acute to acuminate or drawn out into a short obtuse tip, base rounded to cordate, margin subentire or crenate to sharply dentate, with scattered broad glossy hairs, densest along veins
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Panicle open, 5–20(–35) cm long, with dense purple (rarely white) broad glandular hairs, finely puberulous and with long pilose hairs; primary bracts green to purple, ovate to elliptic, from leaf-size down to 5 × 3 mm near apex, with long broad glossy purplish (rarely white) hairs, no capitate glands; secondary bracts purple, 3–8 × 1–3 mm; pedicels of central flowers 1–4 mm long, of lateral flowers 5–12 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx dark purple (rarely green), glandular-puberulous, finely puberulous and with long pilose hairs; lobes tapering or slightly spathulate, linear-lanceolate, ventral and lateral 7–15 mm long, dorsal 9–16 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla blue or purple with white tube, 15–27 mm long, with long scattered glandular hairs; tube 5–7 mm long; lower lip 10–18 mm long, lobes ± 2 mm long, ovate; anthers 3–4.5 mm long; staminodes ± 5 mm long, puberulous, widened apically
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule 17–23 mm long, the valves 2–3 mm wide, glandular-puberulous and with scattered non-glandular hairs
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seed ± 1.5 mm long.
Ecology
Wet montane forest, usually along paths or in clearings; 1050–1700 m
Note
Normally one of the more distinctive species in the group around B. owariensis, charactarised by by its small slender stature and small flowers with small anthers. But at the upper end of its variation it approaches B. owariensis.
Distribution
Range: Ghana, Nigeria, Cameroon, Bioko, Sao Tomé, Gabon, Central African Republic, Congo-Kinshasa, Sudan Flora districts: U2 U4 K5

Native to:

Cameroon, Central African Repu, Congo, Gabon, Ghana, Gulf of Guinea Is., Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Nigeria, Sudan, Uganda, Zaïre

Brillantaisia vogeliana (Nees) Benth. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Oct 1, 2013 Fenton, E. [223], Cameroon K000617052
Aug 1, 2009 Tchiengue, B. [2566], Cameroon K000436913
Feb 1, 2005 Cheek, M. [11023], Cameroon K000199796
Nov 1, 2003 Ghogue, J.-P. [1039], Cameroon K000746032
Nov 1, 2003 Onana, J.-M. [1850], Cameroon K000746025
Nov 1, 2003 Ghogue, J.-P. [1007], Cameroon K000746028
Jan 1, 2002 Cable, S. [3776], Cameroon K000109454
Jan 1, 2002 Cable, S. [3877], Cameroon K000109455
Jan 1, 2002 Cheek, M. [10173], Cameroon K000109475
Jan 1, 2002 Sidwell, K. [304], Cameroon K000190204
Jan 1, 2002 Sidwell, K. [303], Cameroon K000109450
Jan 1, 2002 Etuge, M. [2626], Cameroon K000109453
Jan 1, 2002 Sidwell, K. [350], Cameroon K000109473
Jan 1, 2002 Satabie, B. [1111], Cameroon K000109474
Jan 1, 2002 Sidwell, K. [304], Cameroon K000109451
Jan 1, 2002 Ensermu, K. [3549], Cameroon K000109513
Jan 1, 2002 Sidwell, K. [438], Cameroon K000109459
Mar 1, 1997 Munyenyembe, P. [855], Cameroon K000339080
Jan 1, 1996 Cable, S. [600], Cameroon K000518909
Jan 1, 1996 Cheek, M. [7492], Cameroon K000197523
Jan 1, 1996 Cheek, M. [7703], Cameroon K000197522
Jan 1, 1996 Schoenenberger, J. [13], Cameroon K000198727
Jan 1, 1996 Cheek, M. [5367], Cameroon K000518896
Jan 1, 1996 Schoenenberger, J. [23], Cameroon K000198728
Dec 1, 1995 Lane, P. [225], Cameroon K000011269
Oct 1, 1993 Cable, S. [62], Cameroon K000011280
Jan 1, 1993 Watts, J. [572], Cameroon K000011279
Jan 1, 1989 Leeuwenberg, A.J.M. [8419], Cameroon K000029193
Jan 1, 1984 Thomas, D.W. [4048], Cameroon K000029194
Jan 1, 1968 Leeuwenberg, A.J.M. [6870], Cameroon K000029192
Jan 1, 1968 Leeuwenberg, A.J.M. [6967], Cameroon K000029190
Braun J. [47], Cameroon K000029182 Unknown type material
Preuss P. R. [320], Cameroon K000029183 Unknown type material
Preuss P. R. [998], Cameroon K000029184 Unknown type material
Preuss P. R. [998], Cameroon K000029185 Unknown type material
Moller, A. [87], São Tomé K000393854
Vogel [179], Nigeria K000393865 Unknown type material
Vogel [179], Nigeria K000393866
Maitland, T.D. [757], Cameroon K000029187
Bauer, P.J. [175], Cameroon K000029189
Mambo, P. [120], Cameroon K000029195
Mambo, P. [120], Cameroon K000029196
Ensermu, K. [3516], Cameroon K000109514
Mildbraed, G. W. J. [10589], Cameroon K000029186
Maitland, T.D. [110], Cameroon K000029188
Vogel [179], Nigeria K000393867
Thomas, D.W. [2609], Cameroon K000029197
Leeuwenberg, A.J.M. [10628], Cameroon K000029191
Jan 1, 1993 Tchouto (Mbatchou), P. [446], Cameroon Brillantaisia soyauxii K000011278

First published in W.J.Hooker, Niger Fl.: 477 (1849)

Accepted by

  • Daniel, T.F. & Figueiredo, E. (2009). The California Academy of Sciences Gulf of Guinea Expeditions (2001, 2006, 2008) VII. Acanthaceae of São Tomé and Príncipe Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences, IV, 60: 623-674.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Exell, A.W. (1973). Angiosperms of the islands of the gulf of Guinea (Fernando Po, Príncipe, S.Tomé, and Annobon) Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History). Botany 4: 325-411.
  • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
  • Govaerts, R. (1996). World Checklist of Seed Plants 2(1, 2): 1-492. MIM, Deurne.
  • Jongkind, C. (2014). Fauna & Flora of Liberia, flowering plant species list www.liberianfaunaflora.org.
  • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
  • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
  • Vollesen, K. (2008). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Acanthaceae(1): 1-285.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Benoist in Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr. 60: 335
  • Exell Cat. S. Tomé 260.
  • F.T.A. 5: 40
  • in Fl. Nigrit. 477 (1849)

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Jongkind, C. (2014). Fauna & Flora of Liberia, flowering plant species list www.liberianfaunaflora.org.
  • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Biol. Skr. 51(2): 440 (2005).
  • Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. London 28: 95, fig. 13 (1998)
  • Bull. Soc. Bot. France 60: 335 (1913)
  • Exell, Cat. Vasc. Pl. Sao Tomé: 260 (1943)
  • F.P.N.A. 2: 272 (1947)
  • F.T.A. 5: 40 (1899)
  • F.W.T.A. 2: 254 (1931)
  • F.W.T.A., ed. 2, 2: 406 (1963)
  • Fl. Gabon 13: 92, pl. 18, fig. 1–6 (1966)
  • Hooker, Niger Fl.: 477 (1849)
  • J.L.S. 7: 21 (1863)
  • Lebrun & Stork, Enum. Pl. Afr. Trop. 4: 475 (1997)
  • U.K.W.F. ed. 2: 267 (1994)

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0