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This species is accepted, and its native range is S. India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh.
Crossandra infundibuliformis

[FTEA]

Acanthaceae (part 2), Kaj Vollesen. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2008

Type
Type: “India” (LINN!, holo.)
Morphology General Habit
Shrub to 2 m tall; young stems densely silvery sericeous
Morphology Leaves
Leaves in whorls of 4, sessile or with petiole up to 3 mm long; lamina elliptic, largest 4.5–6.5 × 1.3–2 cm, apex subacute to rounded, with spreading or silvery sericeous indumentum
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Spikes 2–4.5 cm long; peduncle 11–18 cm long, subglabrous to sparsely sericeous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Sterile bracts silvery sericeous; fertile coriaceous, elliptic, 9–15 × 4–5 mm, narrowing gradually to an acute tip with a straight pungent mucro up to 0.5 mm long, puberulous and with dense capitate glands, ciliate on edges and on lower part of veins, with 3–5 strong longitudinal veins, no reticulum but a few veins branching off from main veins under very narrow angles; bracteoles 8–13 mm long, puberulous and with dense capitate glands, densely ciliate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals cuspidate, sparsely puberulous and with scattered capitate glands, glabrous towards base, densely ciliate, dorsal broadly elliptic, 11–12 mm long, ventral elliptic 11–15 mm long, lateral 8–10 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla light red to bright red, with scattered capitate glands; tube 18–22 mm long, bent near insertion of stamens, upper part infundibuliform; limb 15–20 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule 11–12 mm long, puberulous near tip
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seed ± 3 × 3 mm (immature).

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Shrub or subshrub; young stems pubescent
Morphology Leaves
Leaves lanceolate to ovate, 2–12 x 1–4 cm, acute to obtuse at the apex, subglabrous to puberulous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Spikes 3–10 cm long; peduncle 1–12 cm long; sterile bracts narrowly ovate, acute, fertile bracts elliptic to broadly ovate or obovate, 12–20 x 4.5–10 mm, pubescent to villous, acute to shortly mucronate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla orange to red; tube up to 25 mm long; limb up to 20 mm long.
Note
Four subspecies were recognised in Africa by Vollesen (1990).

[FSOM]
Use
Subsp. infundibuliformis from India and Sri Lanka is widely cultivated in the tropics and is also propagated as a pot plant.

Native to:

Bangladesh, Burundi, Ethiopia, India, Kenya, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Zaïre

Introduced into:

Cuba, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Haiti, Leeward Is., Marianas, Myanmar, Nicaragua, Puerto Rico, Trinidad-Tobago, Venezuelan Antilles, Vietnam, Windward Is.

Crossandra infundibuliformis (L.) Nees appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
s.coll. [Cat. no. 2364] Ruellia infundibuliformis K001115739
s.coll. [Cat. no. 2364] Ruellia infundibuliformis K001115741
Prince, J. [Cat. no. 2364], Singapore Ruellia infundibuliformis K001115742
s.coll. [Cat. no. 2364] Ruellia infundibuliformis K001115738
s.coll. [Cat. no. 2364] Ruellia infundibuliformis K001115734
s.coll. [Cat. no. 2364] Ruellia infundibuliformis K001115740
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 2364], Nepal Ruellia infundibuliformis K001115744
s.coll. [Cat. no. 2364] Ruellia infundibuliformis K001115737
s.coll. [Cat. no. 2364] Ruellia infundibuliformis K001115743
s.coll. [Cat. no. 2364] Ruellia infundibuliformis K001115745
s.coll. [Cat. no. 2364] Ruellia infundibuliformis K001115736
s.coll. [Cat. no. 2364] Ruellia infundibuliformis K001115746
s.coll. [Cat. no. 2364] Ruellia infundibuliformis K001115735

First published in N.Wallich, Pl. Asiat. Rar. 3: 98 (1832)

Accepted by

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
  • Fosberg, F.R., Sachet, M.-H., Oliver, R. (1979). A geographical checklist of the Micronesian Dicotyledonae Micronesica; Journal of the College of Guam 15: 41-295.
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • Lê, T.C. (2005). Danh l?c các loài th?c v?t Vi?t Nam 3: 1-1248. Hà N?i : Nhà xu?t b?n Nông nghi?p.
  • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
  • Stevens, W.D., Ulloa U., C., Pool, A. & Montiel, O.M. (2001). Flora de Nicaragua Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 85: i-xlii, 1-2666. Missouri Botanical Garden.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
  • Fosberg, F.R., Sachet, M.-H., Oliver, R. (1979). A geographical checklist of the Micronesian Dicotyledonae Micronesica; Journal of the College of Guam 15: 41-295.
  • GBIF (2008-2020). Global Biodiversity Information Facility http://www.gbif.org/.
  • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590. Smithsonian Institution.
  • Lê, T.C. (2005). Danh l?c các loài th?c v?t Vi?t Nam 3: 1-1248. Hà N?i : Nhà xu?t b?n Nông nghi?p.
  • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
  • Stevens, W.D., Ulloa U., C., Pool, A. & Montiel, O.M. (2001). Flora de Nicaragua Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 85: i-xlii, 1-2666. Missouri Botanical Garden.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, (2000) Author: by M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Wall., Pl. As. Rar. 3: 98 (1832).

Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/