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This species is accepted, and its native range is SE. Kenya to E. Tanzania.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FTEA]

Acanthaceae (part 2), Kaj Vollesen. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2008

Type
Types: Kenya, near Mombasa, Wakefield s.n. (K!, lecto.); Tanzania, Lushoto District: E Usambara Mts, Duga, Holst 3215 (B†, syn.)
Morphology General Habit
Perennial or shrubby herb to 1 m tall; young stems crisped-puberulous or sparsely so
Morphology Leaves
Leaves opposite, dark green with pale green areas along veins, sessile or petiole up to 1(–3.5) cm long; lamina elliptic or narrowly so, largest 7–26.5 × 2–6 cm, entire to sinuate, apex subacute to broadly rounded, subglabrous to sparsely crispedpuberulous, densest on veins
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Spikes 2–10(–16) cm long, sessile or peduncle up to 5 mm long; fertile bracts broadly elliptic to subcircular, 15–21 × 12–17 mm, ending in a straight mucro 1–2 mm long and on each side with numerous bristles up to 1 mm long, sparsely (rarely densely) pilose on veins, otherwise uniformly puberulous, venation prominently raised, reticulate; bracteoles 2–3 mm long, acute to obtuse, glabrous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals acute, pilose near tip, dorsal broadly elliptic, 6–7 mm long, ventral narrowly ovate, 6–7 mm long, lateral 5–6 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla yellow to golden yellow or orange yellow, glandular-puberulous; tube 2–3 cm long; limb 8–13 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule 11–13 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seed 3–4 × ± 3 mm.
Ecology
Undergrowth in evergreen or semi-evergreen coastal forest and thicket, riverine forest, termite mounds; 0–500 m
Distribution
Flora districts: K7 T3 T6 Range: Not known elsewhere

Native to:

Kenya, Tanzania

Crossandra pungens Lindau appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Feb 13, 1897 Wakefield, T. [s.n.], Kenya K000394641 syntype
Festo, L. [2693], Kenya K000469022

First published in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 20: 36 (1894)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • Vollesen, K. (2008). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Acanthaceae(1): 1-285.

Literature

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • E.J. 20: 36 (1894)
  • F.T.A. 5: 114 (1899)
  • J.B. 39: 302 (1901)
  • K.B. 45: 530 (1990)
  • Lebrun & Stork, Enum. Pl. Afr. Trop. 4: 476 (1997).
  • Opera Bot. 59: 80 (1980)
  • P.O.A. C: 370 (1895)
  • Symb. Bot. Ups. 29(3): 160 (1991)

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
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Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/