Family:
Fabaceae Lindl.

Aeschynomene indica L.

This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical Old World.

[FWTA]

Papilionaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

Morphology General Habit
An undershrub 2–4 ft. high
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Pale yellow, faintly striate flowers
Ecology
In muddy places near rivers and swamps.

[FZ]

Leguminosae, B. Verdcourt. Flora Zambesiaca 3:6. 2000

Morphology General Habit
Erect subshrubby annual or perennial herb, 0.3–2.5 m tall.
Morphology Stem
Stems mostly slender, c. 5 mm wide at the base but sometimes thick and spongy up to 2.5 cm wide, pubescent with mostly rather sparse tubercular-based sometimes glandular hairs.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves sometimes sensitive, 16–50(70)-foliolate; leaflets 3–13 × 1–3 mm, linear-oblong, rounded and mucronulate at the apex, obliquely rounded at the base, entire or very finely serrulate, glabrous; venation obscure; petiole and rhachis together 1.2–10 cm long, with tubercular-based hairs; petiolules 0.3 mm long; stipules 3–15 × 1–3.5 mm, elliptic-lanceolate, straight, spurred, deciduous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences leaf-opposed or axillary, 1–6-flowered; peduncle 8–21 mm long; rhachis 1.5–6 cm long; pedicels 1–2 and finally up to 8 mm long; bracts 3.5–6 × l.5–2.5 mm, mostly ovate, often lacerate or toothed, deciduous; bracteoles 2.5–4.5 × 1–2 mm, ovate-lanceolate to lanceolate, acuminate, ciliolate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx glabrous, 2-lipped; lips 4–6 × 2–3 mm, oblong, one 2-fid, the other 3-fid.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Standard yellow or whitish, mostly lined and suffused with red outside or purplish, 7–10 × 4–7 mm, elliptic; wings and keel greenish-white or pale yellow, the petals of the latter not laciniate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit 2.4–4.8 cm long excluding the 6–9 mm stipe, linear, straight or slightly curved, 5–13-jointed, one suture ± straight, the other slightly constricted between the articles; articles 3–5 mm long and wide, oblong, compressed, with sparse short tubercular-based hairs, central part raised and venulose or sometimes rugose, surrounding lower area at length rather coarsely rugose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds dark olive, black or brownish, 2.8 × 2.5 × 1.3–1.8 mm, oblong, slightly beaked near the eccentric small hilum.

[FTEA]

Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

Morphology General Habit
Erect subshrubby annual or perennial herb, 0.3–2.5 m. tall.
Morphology Stem
Stems mostly slender, ± 5 mm. wide at the base but sometimes thick and spongy up to 2.5 cm. wide, pubescent with mostly rather sparse tubercular-based sometimes glandular hairs.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves sometimes sensitive, 16–50(–70)-foliolate; leaflets linear-oblong, 0.3–1.3 cm. long, 1–3 mm. wide, rounded and mucronulate at the apex, obliquely rounded at the base, entire or very finely serrulate, glabrous; venation obscure; petiole and rhachis together 1.2–10 cm. long, with tubercular-based hairs; petiolules 0.3 mm. long; stipules elliptic-lanceolate, straight, spurred, 0.3–1.5 cm. long, 1–3.5 mm. wide, deciduous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences leaf-opposed or axillary, 1–6-flowered; rhachis 1.5–6 cm. long; peduncle 0.8–2.1 cm. long; pedicels 1–2 and finally up to 8 mm. long; bracts mostly ovate, 3.5–6 mm. long, 1.5–2.5 mm. wide, often lacerate or toothed, deciduous; bracteoles ovate-lanceolate to lanceolate, 2.5–4.5 mm. long, 1–2 mm. wide, acuminate, ciliolate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx glabrous, 2-lipped, the lips oblong, 4–6 mm. long, 2–3 mm. wide, one 2-fid, the other 3-fid.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Standard yellow or whitish, mostly lined and suffused with red outside or purplish, elliptic, 0.7–1 cm. long, 4–7 mm. wide; wings and keel greenish-white or pale yellow, the petals of the latter not laciniate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Pods linear, straight or slightly curved, 2.4–4.8 cm. long excluding the 6–9 mm. stipe, 5–13-jointed, one suture ± straight, the other slightly constricted between the articles; articles oblong, 3–5 mm. long and wide, compressed, with sparse short tubercular-based hairs, central part raised and venulose or sometimes rugose, surrounding lower area at length rather coarsely rugose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds dark olive, black or brownish, oblong, slightly beaked near the eccentric small hilum, longest dimension 2.8 mm., shorter dimension 2.5 mm., 1.3–1.8 mm. thick.
Figures
Fig. 54/4, p. 366.
Habitat
Mostly in wet places, floodplain grassland, flats, pans, swamp margins, pools in Acacia, etc. wooded grassland, desert grassland, bushland or woodland; sometimes on black saline clay soils and also in pools on and crevices in granite and other rocky outcrops; 15–1530 m.
Distribution
widespread in tropical Africa from Senegal, Ethiopia and N. Somali Republic to South Africa (Transvaal) and South West AfricaS. Tomé, Madagascar, tropical and subtropical Asia, Australia and N. America K1 K4 K5 K7 T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 T7 T8 U1 U2

[ILDIS]

International Legume Database and Information Service

Conservation
Not Threatened
Ecology
Africa: Lake Victoria regional transition zone; grasslands, Lake Victoria regional mosaic; freshwater swamp and aquatic vegetation, Sudanian freshwater swamp and aquatic vegetation, Somalia-Masai freshwater swamp and aquatic vegetation, Zambezian grasslan
Morphology General Habit
Annual/Perennial, Not climbing, Herb/Shrub
Vernacular
Didhen, Dyia-siyambala, Hamoka, Heen-diya-siyambala, Laugauni, Phulan, Sensitive Vetch, Sola

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Subshrubby herb, 0.3–2.5 m tall, submerged part of stem becoming thick and spongy
Morphology Leaves Leaflets
Leaflets 16–50(–70), linear-oblong, 3–13 x 1–3 mm, glabrous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences 1–6-flowered
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 4–6 mm long, glabrous, upper lip 2-fid, lower 3-fid
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Standard elliptic, 7–10 mm long; keel-petals not laciniate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Pod 24–48 x 4 mm with a stipe 6–9 mm long, 5–13-jointed, slightly constricted between the oblong articles along one margin, with sparse short tubercle-based hairs.
Distribution
N1; C1; S1–3 widespread in tropical Africa and in Asia, Australia and N America.
Ecology
Altitude up to 350 m.
Vernacular
Lebi-yaro (Somali)

[ILDIS]
Use
Chemical products, Domestic, Environmental, Forage, Medicine, Miscellaneous, Weed, Wood

Native to:

Afghanistan, Andaman Is., Angola, Assam, Bangladesh, Benin, Borneo, Botswana, Burkina, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Comoros, East Himalaya, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Florida, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Hainan, India, Iran, Ivory Coast, Japan, Kenya, Korea, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Manchuria, Mauritania, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Southeast, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, New South Wales, Nicobar Is., Niger, Nigeria, North Carolina, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Pakistan, Queensland, Rwanda, Senegal, Somalia, South Australia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tennessee, Texas, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Western Australia, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Alabama, Brazil South, Caroline Is., Ecuador, Fiji, Greece, Jawa, Lesser Sunda Is., Malaya, Marianas, Mauritius, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Rodrigues, Réunion, Samoa, Society Is., Sulawesi, Sumatera

Aeschynomene indica L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Apr 14, 2009 Chin, S.C. [3349], Malaya K000564523 No
Apr 1, 1960 Gossweiler, J. [8313], Angola K001294224 No
Apr 1, 1960 Gossweiler, J. [8313], Angola K001294223 No
Apr 1, 1960 Welwitsch [2172], Angola K000417968 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5665] Aeschynomene diffusa K001121635 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5665] Aeschynomene diffusa K001121634 Yes

First published in Sp. Pl.: 713 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Bailey, C. & al. (2015). Guide to the Vascular Plants of Tennessee: 1-813. University of Tennessee press.
  • Balkrishna, A. (2018). Flora of Morni Hills (Research & Possibilities): 1-581. Divya Yoga Mandir Trust.
  • Balslav, H. & Chantaranothai, P. (2018). Flora of Thailand 4(3.1): 221-371. The Forest Herbarium, Royal Forest Department.
  • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
  • Bhellum, B.L. (2012). Flora exotica of Jammu and Kashmir (List- I) Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 36: 33-45.
  • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
  • Catarino, L., Martins, E.S., Diniz, M.A. & Pinto-Basto, M.F. (2006). Check-list da flora vascular do parque natural das Lagos de Cufada (Guiné-Bissau) Garcia de Orta, Série de Botânica 17: 97-141.
  • Chang, C.S., Kim, H. & Chang, K.S. (2014). Provisional checklist of vascular plants for the Korea peninsula flora (KPF): 1-660. DESIGNPOST.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Du Puy, D.J., Labat, N.-N., Rabevohitra, R., Villiers, J.-F., Bosser, J. & Moat, J. (2002). The Leguminosae of Madagascar: 1-737. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Dy Phon, P. (2000). Dictionnaire des plantes utilisées au Cambodge: 1-915. chez l'auteur, Phnom Penh, Cambodia.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Fosberg, F.R., Sachet, M.-H., Oliver, R. (1979). A geographical checklist of the Micronesian Dicotyledonae Micronesica; Journal of the College of Guam 15: 41-295.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 529. MIM, Deurne.
  • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Isely, D. (1998). Native and Naturalized Leguminosae (Fabaceae) of the United States: 1-1007. Monte L. Bean Life Science Museum. Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah.
  • Iwatsuki, K., Boufford, D.E. & Ohba, H. (eds.) (2001). Flora of Japan IIb: 1-550. Kodansha Ltd., Tokyo.
  • Kral, R., Diamond, A.R., Ginzbarg, S.L., Hansen, C.J., Haynes, R.R., Keener, B.R., Lelong, M.G., Spaulding, D.D. & Woods, M. (2011). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Alabama: 1-112. Botanical reseach institute of Texas.
  • Kumar, S. & Sane, P.V. (2003). Legumes of South Asia. A Checklist: 1-536. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Lee, W.T. (1996). Lineamenta Florae Koreae: 1-1688. Soul T'ukpyolsi: Ak'ademi Sojok.
  • Lepschi, B. & Monro, A. (Project Coordinators) (2014). Australian Plant Census (APC) Council of Heads of Australian Herbaria. http://www.anbg.gov.au/chah/apc/index.html.
  • Lock, J.M. & Ford, C.S. (2004). Legumes of Malesia a Check-List: 1-295. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lock, J.M. & Heald, J. (1994). Legumes of Indo-China a checck-list: 1-164. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • MacKee, H.S. (1994). Catalogue des plantes introduites et cultivées en Nouvelle-Calédonie, ed. 2: 1-164. Museum national d'histoire naturelle, Paris.
  • Meena, S.L. (2012). A checklist of the vascular plants of Banaskantha district, Gujarat, India Nelumbo 54: 39-91.
  • Pandey, R.P. & Dilwakar, P.G. (2008). An integrated check-list flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403-500.
  • Pandey, R.P. (2009). Floristic diversity of Ferrargunj forest area in South Andaman Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 33: 747-768.
  • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Polhill, R.M. (1990). Flore des Mascareignes 80: 1-235. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
  • Sikarwar, R.L.S. (2014). Angiosperm diversity assessment of Chitrakootthe legendary place of Vindhyan range, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 38: 563-619.
  • Singh, M. & Ali, S.J. (2008). A study on aquatic Angiosperms of district Mau (East U.P.) Journal of East African Natural History 32: 877-890.
  • Verdcourt, B. (2000). Flora Zambesiaca 3(6): 1-175. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Villaseñor, J.L. (2016). Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 87: 559-902.
  • Vladimirov, V., Dane, F., Matevski, V. & Kit Tan (2014). New floristic records in the Balkans: 25 Phytologia Balcanica 20: 267-310.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2010). Flora of China 10: 1-642. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).
  • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348. Missouri Botanical Garden.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Bak. f. Leg. Trop. Afr. 2: 286
  • Chev. Bot. 186
  • Léonard in Fl. Congo Belge 5: 259, fig. 18 C.
  • —F.T.A. 2: 147

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Bailey, C. & al. (2015). Guide to the Vascular Plants of Tennessee: 1-813. University of Tennessee press.
  • Dy Phon, P. (2000). Dictionnaire des plantes utilisées au Cambodge: 1-915. chez l'auteur, Phnom Penh, Cambodia.
  • Fosberg, F.R., Sachet, M.-H., Oliver, R. (1979). A geographical checklist of the Micronesian Dicotyledonae Micronesica; Journal of the College of Guam 15: 41-295.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Isely, D. (1998). Native and Naturalized Leguminosae (Fabaceae) of the United States: 1-1007. Monte L. Bean Life Science Museum. Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah.
  • Kral, R., Diamond, A.R., Ginzbarg, S.L., Hansen, C.J., Haynes, R.R., Keener, B.R., Lelong, M.G., Spaulding, D.D. & Woods, M. (2011). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Alabama: 1-112. Botanical reseach institute of Texas.
  • Kumar, S. & Sane, P.V. (2003). Legumes of South Asia. A Checklist: 1-536. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Lee, W.T. (1996). Lineamenta Florae Koreae: 1-1688. Soul T'ukpyolsi: Ak'ademi Sojok.
  • Lepschi, B. & Monro, A. (Project Coordinators) (2014). Australian Plant Census (APC) Council of Heads of Australian Herbaria. http://www.anbg.gov.au/chah/apc/index.html.
  • Lock, J.M. & Ford, C.S. (2004). Legumes of Malesia a Check-List: 1-295. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lock, J.M. & Heald, J. (1994). Legumes of Indo-China a checck-list: 1-164. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • MacKee, H.S. (1994). Catalogue des plantes introduites et cultivées en Nouvelle-Calédonie, ed. 2: 1-164. Museum national d'histoire naturelle, Paris.
  • Pandey, R.P. & Dilwakar, P.G. (2008). An integrated check-list flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403-500.
  • Pandey, R.P. (2009). Floristic diversity of Ferrargunj forest area in South Andaman Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 33: 747-768.
  • Polhill, R.M. (1990). Flore des Mascareignes 80: 1-235. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
  • Rechinger, K.H. & al. (1984). Papilionaceae II Flora Iranica 157: 1-499. Naturhistorisches Museums Wien.
  • Verdcourt, B. (2000). Flora Zambesiaca 3(6): 1-175. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Villaseñor, J.L. (2016). Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 87: 559-902.
  • Vladimirov, V., Dane, F., Matevski, V. & Kit Tan (2014). New floristic records in the Balkans: 25 Phytologia Balcanica 20: 267-310.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2010). Flora of China 10: 1-642. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).
  • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348. Missouri Botanical Garden.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 1, (1993) Author: by M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Bak. f., Leguminosae of Tropical Africa: 286 (1929).
  • Bak. in Flora of Tropical Africa 2: 147 (1871).
  • Hepper in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 580 (1958).
  • J. Léon. in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 5: 259, fig. 18/C (1954).
  • L., Sp. Pl.: 713 (1753).
  • Robyns, Flore des Spermatophytes du Parc National Albert 1: 319 (1948).

International Legume Database and Information Service

  • Ambasta, S. P. (1986). The useful plants of India
  • Deb, D. B. (1981). The Flora of Tripura State Vol 1
  • Du Puy, D. J. et al. (2002). The Leguminosae of Madagascar. RBG Kew.
  • Gillett, J. B. et al. (1971). Papilionoideae. In: Fl. Trop. E. Africa, Milne-Redhead & Polhill
  • Hotta, M et al (1989). Sekai Yuhyou-shokubutu(Useful Pls. of World) Heibonsha. Tokyo
  • Jain, S. K. (1991). Dictionary of Indian Folk Medicine and Ethnobotany
  • Lock, J. M. (1989). Legumes of Africa:a check-list. RBG Kew.
  • Maheshwari, J. K. (1963). The Flora of Delhi
  • Parham, J. W. (1972). Plants of the Fiji Islands
  • Polhill, R, M. (1990). Legumineuses. In: Flore des Mascareignes, Vol 80. J. Bosser et a
  • Rudd, V. E. (1991). A Revised Handbook of the Flora of Ceylon 7: 108-381.
  • Uphof, J. C. Th. (1968). Dictionary of economic Plants. 2nd ed. Verlag von Cramer, Lehre
  • Verdcourt, B. (1979). A Manual of New Guinea Legumes. Office of Forests, Lae, PNG
  • Welsh, S. L. (1998). Flora Societensis

  • Art and Illustrations in Digifolia

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

  • Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of Somalia

    Flora of Somalia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of West Tropical Africa

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  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

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  • International Legume Database and Information Service

    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
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