Skip to main content
This species is accepted, and its native range is Somalia to S. Africa.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[ILDIS]

International Legume Database and Information Service

Conservation
Not Threatened
Ecology
Africa: Zanzibar-Inhambane regional transition zone; forest, Tongaland-Pondoland regional transition zone; forest, Somalia-Masai scrub forest, Zambezian bushland and thicket, Zambezian woodland, Tongaland-Pondoland regional transition zone; bushland and t
Morphology General Habit
Perennial, Not climbing, Tree
Vernacular
Mahogany Bean, Pod Mahogany, Rhodesian Mahogany

[FZ]

Leguminosae, R.K. Brummitt, A.C. Chikuni, J.M. Lock and R.M. Polhill. Flora Zambesiaca 3:2. 2007

Morphology General Habit
Tree to 25 m tall; bark grey, irregularly fissured, later flaking to leave paler patches.
Morphology Branches
Branchlets brown, sparsely pubescent, glabrescent.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves paripinnate; stipules c.9 × 2 mm, narrowly elliptic, upper parts early caducous (only seen in seedling material); petiole 2.5–4(6) cm long, sparsely pubescent, glabrescent; rachis (7)12–19 cm long, almost glabrous; leaflets opposite to subopposite, in (3)4–6(7) pairs, 4–8.5 × 2.5–4.8 cm, broadly ovate to broadly elliptic, almost symmetrical, apex rounded or emarginate, base cuneate, glabrous, usually with a small dot-like gland at proximal side of base either on lower surface in angle between margin and midrib or on the margin itself; venation slightly prominent on both surfaces, marginal vein prominent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences appearing leaf-opposed, usually simple, racemose, 4–7-flowered; axis sparsely to densely puberulous; bracts c.6 × 5 mm, broadly ovate, puberulous, early caducous; bracteoles paired, 6 × 4 mm, broadly ovate, puberulous, caducous; flowers spirally arranged on the axis; pedicel c.5 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Hypanthium
Hypanthium c.15 mm long, puberulous like the pedicel.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx lobes 4, puberulous outside, glabrous inside, margins sparsely glandular-pilose particularly towards the tip, the outer two c.1.7 × 0.9 cm, broadly triangular, somewhat auriculate at the base, the inner two c.2 × 1.2 cm, broadly ovate, cuneate at the base.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petal entirely red or green with a red median line, c.3.5 cm long, claw c.2 cm long, pilose near the base, abruptly expanded into a broad bilobed lamina c.2.5 cm wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium
Fertile stamens 7–9; staminodes usually 2; filaments c.35 mm long, pilose near the base, otherwise glabrous; anthers dorsifixed>i>.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary c.3.5 × 1.5 mm, oblong, pilose particularly on the margins, 10–15-ovulate; stipe c.3 mm long; style c.25 mm long, glabrous; stigma capitate, papillose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Pod 10–20 × 5–8 cm, straight, oblong, flattened, apiculate, the pedicel attached asymmetrically at the base, glabrous, tardily dehiscent, 5–13-seeded.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds arranged at right angles to the long axis of the pod, smooth, black, 2.6–3.5 × 1.2–1.7 cm, ellipsoid; aril orange or red, 0.8–1.3 cm long, cup-shaped.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds Germination
Germination epigeal; first true leaves opposite, paripinnate, in 4 pairs, elliptic, apex acuminate, base cuneate.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Tree, with a spreading crown Petal turned upwards, 2.5–4.5 cm long, bilobed, pubescent and green outside, red inside
Morphology Leaves
Leaves 6–32 cm long; leaflets (3–)4–6(–7) pairs, elliptic to ovate-elliptic, 2.3–9(–12) x 1.5–6(-7.2) cm, rounded to obtuse and often emarginate at the apex
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Racemes erect, simple or once forked
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers sweetly scented; hypanthium 1.1–2.5 cm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Outer sepals 0.9–1.7 cm long, inner sepals 1.7–2.5 cm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Pods straight, 7–23 x 4.5–8.3 cm
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds black, 2–3.4 x 0.9–1.7 cm, with a red or orange cup-shaped aril.
Distribution
S1, 3 E Kenya, Tanzania and southwards to Angola and Transvaal.
Ecology
Altitude range 50–300 m.
Vernacular
Atio collo, dabal, dhambal, ged bured (Somali)

[FTEA]

Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

Morphology General Habit
Tree 1.5–35 m. high, with very spreading crown; bark grey to pale brown, reticulate, or coming off in large flakes leaving yellowish-brown patches; branchlets pubescent, puberulous, or glabrous.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves:rhachis with petiole 6–32 cm. long; leaflets (mature) (3–)4–6(–7 or, fide Roti-Michelozzi, to 9) pairs, petiolulate, ovate-elliptic, oblong-elliptic, or elliptic, 2.3–9(–12) cm. long, 1.5–6.0(–7.2) cm. wide, rounded, or sometimes obtuse, and often emarginate at apex.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences erect, of simple or once-forked racemes; axis 2–7.5 cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers very sweetly scented, with hypanthium 1.1–2.5 cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals shortly pubescent or puberulous outside, outer 2 elliptic, 0.9–1.7 cm. long, 0.7–1.3 cm. wide, inner 2 obovate-spathulate, 1.7–2.5 cm. long, 0.9–1.8 cm. wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Large petal upwardly-turned, 2.5–4.5 cm. long, ± pubescent and green outside, red inside, with a rather long claw suddenly widened into a deeply bilobed lamina 2.2–3.1 (–3.8) cm. wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 7(–9) fertile, with glabrous to pubescent filaments mostly green like the ovary.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style pubescent or glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Pods straight, 7–23 cm. long, 4.5–8.3 cm. wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds black, oblong-ellipsoid or ellipsoid, 2–3.4 cm. long, 0.9–1.7 cm. wide, with an orange, red, or vermilion, cup-shaped basal aril.
Figures
Fig. 22.
Habitat
Thickets, woodland, lowland dry evergreen forest; 0–1340 m.
Distribution
K7 P T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 T7 T8 Z

[ILDIS]
Use
Toxins, Wood

[FSOM]
Use
The timber is much prized for furniture and various carpentry-works.

Native to:

Angola, Botswana, Cape Provinces, Caprivi Strip, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Northern Provinces, Somalia, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Uganda

Afzelia quanzensis Welw. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Brenan, J.P.M. [8049], Zambia 13190.000
Tanner, R. [306], Tanzania 15664.000
Welwitsch [628], Angola K000417732
Welwitsch [594], Angola K000417733 Unknown type material
Forbes [s.n.], Mozambique K000417734
Kirk, Malawi K000210527
Kirk [s.n.], Malawi K000210529
Jackson, G. [1385], Malawi K000210530
Gomes Pedro, J. [4435], Mozambique K000210533
Gomes, A.F. [4414], Mozambique K000210532
Macuácua, L. [1387], Mozambique K000210544
Brenan [8049], Zambia K000210536
Milne-Redhead, E. [2593], Zambia K000210538
Holmes, W.D. [889], Zambia K000210539
Mitchell, B.L. [2857], Zambia K000210542
Jansen, P.M.C. [7529], Mozambique K000210543
Jackson, G. [981], Malawi K000210526
Story, R. [4816], Botswana K000489524
Mutimushi, J.M. [1584], Zambia K000210541
Gomes, A.F. [3634], Mozambique K000210534
Gomes, A.F. [4835], Mozambique K000210546
Groenendijk, E.M.C. [2100], Mozambique K000210531
Kirk, Malawi K000210528
Angus, A. [1724], Zambia K000210535
Milne-Redhead, E. [1233], Zambia K000210540
Koning [9575], Mozambique K000210545
Gilges, W. [115], Zambia K000210537

First published in Apont.: 586 (1859)

Accepted by

  • Brummitt, R.K., Chikuni, A.C., Lock, J.M. & Polhill, R.M. (2007). 61. Leguminosae Subfamily Caesalpinioideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(2): 1-218. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 529. MIM, Deurne.
  • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Mannheimer, C.A. & Curtis, B.A. (eds.) (2009). Le Roux and Müller's field guide to the trees and shrubs of Namibia, rev. ed.: 1-525. Macmillan Education Namibia, Windhoek.
  • Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Alves, T., Francisco, J., Harris, T., Nangoma, D. & de Sousa, C. (2009). Biodiversity and Conservation of Mchese Mountain, Malawi. Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036: 1-71. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Brummitt, R.K., Chikuni, A.C., Lock, J.M. & Polhill, R.M. (2007). 61. Leguminosae Subfamily Caesalpinioideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(2): 1-218. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Mannheimer, C.A. & Curtis, B.A. (eds.) (2009). Le Roux and Müller's field guide to the trees and shrubs of Namibia, rev. ed.: 1-525. Macmillan Education Namibia, Windhoek.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 1, (1993) Author: by M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Bak. f., Leguminosae of Tropical Africa: 701 (1930).
  • Battiscombe & Dale, Trees and Shrubs of Kenya Colony p. 63 (1936).
  • Burtt Davy, Fl. Pl. Ferns Transv. 2: 327, fig. 53 (1932).
  • Chalk, Burtt Davy & Desch, Some E. Afr. Conif. and Legum. (For. Trees & Timb. Brit. Emp. 1): 26, fig. (1932).
  • Dale & Greenway, Kenya Trees and Shrubs p. 96, fig. 18 (1961) (as “ cuanzensis ”).
  • F. White, Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia p. 98, fig. 21/J (1962).
  • J. Léon. in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 3: 354, fig. 27/B (1952) (as “ cuanzensis ”).
  • J. Léon. in Reinwardtia 1: 64 (1950)
  • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 87 (1949).
  • R. O. Williams, Useful and Ornamental Plants in Zanzibar and Pemba p. 109 (1949), pro parte, excl. fig. rami floriferi (= Intsia bijuga).
  • Roti-Michelozzi in Webbia 13: 142 (1957).
  • Torre & Hillcoat in Consp. Fl. Angol. 2: 215 (1956) (as “ cuanzensis ”).
  • Welw. in Ann. Conselho Ultram. 1858: 586 (1859).

International Legume Database and Information Service

  • Dale, I. R. & Greenway, P. J. (1961). Kenya Trees and Shrubs
  • Robyns, W. (Ed.) (1952). Flore du Congo Belge, Vol. 3. Mimosoideae, Caesalpinoideae
  • Ross, J. H. (1982). Caesalpinoideae. In: Flora Southern Africa 16, pt. 1. Ross. J. H.
  • Verdcourt, B. & Trump, E. C. (1969). Common Poisonous Plants of East Africa
  • White, F. (1962). Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia.
  • White, F. (1983). The Vegetation of Africa

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

International Legume Database and Information Service
International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Legumes of the World Online
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/