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This species is accepted, and its native range is W. Tanzania to NE. Zambia.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium


Acanthaceae (part 2), Kaj Vollesen. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2008

Type: Zambia, Lake Tanganyika, Niomkolo Island, Carson s.n. (K!, holo.)
Morphology General Habit
Erect unbranched or sparsely branched perennial herb with several stems from woody rootstock; stems to 50 cm long, sericeous to pubescent or tomentose with long broad glossy spreading or antrorse hairs
Morphology Leaves
Leaves elliptic or narrowly so to slightly obovate, largest 4–6 × 1.5–2.5 cm, apex acute to rounded, base attenuate to rounded, decurrent to stem or with a distinct petiole up to 5 mm long, pubescent to sericeous or sparsely so, margin entire to dentate; stipule sheath ± 1 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers in condensed axillary cymes, many-flowered towards base and with fewer flowers upwards; outer bracts leafy, to 2.5 cm long; inner bracts and bracteoles lanceolate to oblong, to 1 cm long, acuminate, with dense long broad glossy hairs
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 9–14(–16 in fruit) mm long, with dense (rarely sparse) long broad glossy antrorse hairs to 3(–4) mm long all over or on teeth only, usually also with a finer puberulous-sericeous “undercoat”, tube 4–7 mm long; teeth narrowly triangular, acute to cuspidate, dorsal 4–8 mm long, ventral 2–4 mm long of which the free part 1.5–3 mm
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla white with purple patches on lower lip, 12–16 mm long, tube sparsely and finely sericeous, lobes finely puberulous; tube 7–9 mm long of which the throat 2–3 mm; lips 5–7 mm long; lobes oblong, 1.5–2.5 mm wide, retuse; palate indistinctly pleated, without long stiff hairs. Filaments 2–4 mm long, with scattered spreading hairs; anthers 1–2 mm long, apex finely apiculate, connective with mixture of hairs and glands or with glands only
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Stigma
Dorsal stigma lobe about half the length of ventral
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule 8–9 mm long, obovoid
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seed ± 5 × 3.5 mm
Brachystegia and Uapaca woodland on sandy to loamy or stony soil; 850–1650 m
It was found growing together with typical D. nudantherum. Reported as occurring on soils with high copper content in Shaba region, Congo. Bidgood et al. 2658A from Nkansi District is somewhat intermediate between D. nudantherum and D. fimbriatum and might indicate that hybridization between these two species is possible. This specimen has a calyx which is only hairy along the edges of the lobes. But it has the small calyx of D. nudantherum and also densely hairy stems with antrorse hairs.
Flora districts: T4 Range: Congo-Kinshasa, Zambia, Malawi

Native to:

Malawi, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre

Duosperma nudantherum (C.B.Clarke) Brummitt appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
May 4, 2005 Carson, A. [s.n.], Zambia K000393943 holotype

First published in Kew Bull. 29: 412 (1974)

Accepted by

  • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
  • Govaerts, R. (2000). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS D: 1-30141.
  • Vollesen, K. (2008). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Acanthaceae(1): 1-285.


Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • K.B. 29: 412 (1974)
  • K.B. 62: 337, fig. 15K (2006).
  • Lebrun & Stork, Enum. Pl. Afr. Trop. 4: 479 (1997)
  • Phiri, Checklist Zamb. Vasc. Pl.: 18 (2005)

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at and
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at and
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.