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This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Tropical & S. Africa.
Bauhinia galpinii

[FZ]

Leguminosae, R.K. Brummitt, A.C. Chikuni, J.M. Lock and R.M. Polhill. Flora Zambesiaca 3:2. 2007

Morphology General Habit
Shrub 1–4 m high or scrambling up to 5 m or more.
Morphology Branches
Young branches puberulous.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves: petiole 0.5–1.5(2.3) cm; lamina 2–4.5(6.5) cm from base of midrib to tip of lobes, lobed for less than one third of its length and sometimes appearing only emarginate at the apex, the angle between the lobes commonly 90° or more but occasionally acute, cordate to truncate at the base, the lobes rounded or broadly obtusely pointed, glabrous above, the lower surface regularly covered with minute, usually appressed, greyish hairs and also with occasional scattered, much shorter, orange medifixed trichomes.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences 2–10-flowered; axes densely puberulous to pubescent with appressed brown hairs; pedicels 2–5 mm, merging into the hypanthium.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Hypanthium
Hypanthium 1.7–3.2 cm, brown-puberulous to pubescent, obscurely to conspicuously longitudinally ribbed.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 1.9–2.8 cm, brown puberulous to pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals bright red (variously described as scarlet, crimson, brick red, nasturtium, geranium red, salmon, or bluish red), 2.6–4.6 cm long, the limb suborbicular, cuneate to cordate at the base, and equalled or exceeded in length by the conspicuous claw, the undersurface furnished with orange trichomes like those on the leaf undersurface.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium
Stamens 3, staminodes 7, filiform, up to 6 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary densely appressed-pubescent; stigma clavate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Pods dark reddish brown, 8–13 × 1.8–2.8 cm, ± linear-oblong, expanded along the upper margin into a flange up to 1 cm across, puberulent to pubescent when young but glabrescent later.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds dark reddish brown, c.11 × 8.5 mm.

[ILDIS]

International Legume Database and Information Service

Conservation
Not Threatened
Ecology
Africa: Zambezian bushland and thicket, Tongaland-Pondoland regional transition zone; bushland and thicket
Morphology General Habit
Perennial, Climbing/Not climbing, Shrub/Tree
Vernacular
Bahninia Rouge, Bauhinia Rouge, Bois de Boeuf Rouge, Nasturtium Bauhinia, Pride Of De Kaap, Red Bauhinia, Red Butterfly Tree, Sabot Boeuf Rouge

[ILDIS]
Use
Environmental

Native to:

Angola, KwaZulu-Natal, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Swaziland, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Cayman Is., Cuba, Ghana, India, Kenya, Malawi, Malaya, Marianas, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Sri Lanka, Trinidad-Tobago, Windward Is., Zambia

Bauhinia galpinii N.E.Br. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Owens, S.J. [s.n.], USA 54089.000
Saunders [3885], South Africa K000417680
s.coll. [409], South Africa K000417681 Unknown type material
Galpin, E.E. [421], South Africa K000417682 Unknown type material
Galpin, E.E. [421], South Africa K000417683 Unknown type material
Pessoal do campo (arboreto) [1173], Rio de Janeiro K000807659

First published in Gard. Chron., ser. 3, 9: 728 (1891)

Accepted by

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
  • Brummitt, R.K., Chikuni, A.C., Lock, J.M. & Polhill, R.M. (2007). 61. Leguminosae Subfamily Caesalpinioideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(2): 1-218. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Govaerts, R. (1996). World Checklist of Seed Plants 2(1, 2): 1-492. MIM, Deurne.
  • Kumar, S. & Sane, P.V. (2003). Legumes of South Asia. A Checklist: 1-536. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lepschi, B. & Monro, A. (Project Coordinators) (2014). Australian Plant Census (APC) Council of Heads of Australian Herbaria. http://www.anbg.gov.au/chah/apc/index.html.
  • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
  • Brummitt, R.K., Chikuni, A.C., Lock, J.M. & Polhill, R.M. (2007). 61. Leguminosae Subfamily Caesalpinioideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(2): 1-218. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Fosberg, F.R., Sachet, M.-H., Oliver, R. (1979). A geographical checklist of the Micronesian Dicotyledonae Micronesica; Journal of the College of Guam 15: 41-295.
  • Kumar, S. & Sane, P.V. (2003). Legumes of South Asia. A Checklist: 1-536. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lepschi, B. & Monro, A. (Project Coordinators) (2014). Australian Plant Census (APC) Council of Heads of Australian Herbaria. http://www.anbg.gov.au/chah/apc/index.html.
  • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

International Legume Database and Information Service

  • Bailey, L. H. & Bailey, E. Z. (1976). Hortus Third. New York: Macmillan
  • Ding Hou, Larsen, S & Larsen, K (1996). Flora Malesiana I, 12, 2:409-784. Caesalpiniaceae.
  • Parham, J. W. (1972). Plants of the Fiji Islands
  • Polhill, R, M. (1990). Legumineuses. In: Flore des Mascareignes, Vol 80. J. Bosser et a
  • Robertson, S. A. (1989). Flowering Plants of Seychelles. Kew
  • Ross, J. H. (1982). Caesalpinoideae. In: Flora Southern Africa 16, pt. 1. Ross. J. H.
  • Rudd, V. E. (1991). Flora of Ceylon 7: 34-107. Caesalpinioideae

Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

International Legume Database and Information Service
International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/