Calopogonium mucunoides Desv.

First published in Ann. Sci. Nat. (Paris) 9: 423 (1826)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Mexico to Tropical America. It is a scrambling annual or perennial and grows primarily in the seasonally dry tropical biome. It is has environmental uses, as animal food and a medicine and for food.

Descriptions

Papilionaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

Morphology General Habit
A hairy climber
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Deep blue flowers
[FWTA]

Distribution
Biogeografic region: Amazonia, Andean, Caribbean, Orinoquia, Pacific. Elevation range: 0–2500 m a.s.l. Native to Colombia. Colombian departments: Amazonas, Antioquia, Arauca, Atlántico, Caldas, Casanare, Cauca, Chocó, Córdoba, Cundinamarca, Guainía, Magdalena, Meta, Nariño, Putumayo, Risaralda, San Andrés y Providencia, Santander, Tolima, Valle del Cauca, Vichada.
Habit
Liana, Climbing.
Conservation
National Red List of Colombia (2021): Potential LC.
Ecology
Habitat according IUCN Habitats Classification: forest and woodland, savanna, shrubland, native grassland, wetlands (inland), artificial - terrestrial.
[UPFC]

International Legume Database and Information Service

Conservation
Not Threatened
Morphology General Habit
Perennial, Climbing/Not climbing, Herb
Vernacular
Bejuco Culebra, Calapo, Calopo, Calopogonio-indico, Falso-oro, Jequirana, Jicama, Marmelada-de-boi, Mielillo, Orelha-de-onca, Wild Ground Nut
[ILDIS]

Leguminosae, B. Mackinder, R. Pasquet, R. Polhill and B. Verdcourt. Flora Zambesiaca 3:5. 2001

Morphology General Habit
Trailing or twining herb 1–several m long, densely pilose with long spreading ferruginous hairs.
Morphology Leaves Leaflets
Leaflets (1.5)4–10(15) × (1.3)2–5(9.3) cm, elliptic, ovate or rhombic-ovate, obtuse or subacute and apiculate at the apex, rounded at the base, the lateral leaflets oblique, appressed pilose or pubescent on both surfaces; petiole 2–16 cm long, pilose; rhachis 0.5–2.2 cm long; stipules 4 mm long, ovate-lanceolate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences 1–10 cm long above a peduncle 0–17 cm long, ferruginous pilose; fascicles c. 6-flowered, often well separated or sometimes single and subsessile; pedicels very short; bracts and bracteoles 4 mm long, lanceolate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx campanulate, 6–8 mm long, pilose; teeth subulate, the upper 2 more or less equalling the tube in length, the lower 3 longer.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Standard blue, 7–10 × 5–6 mm, emarginate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary hairy; style glabrous, more or less equalling the ovary in length.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Pods 2–4 cm × 3.5–5 mm, linear-oblong, straight or curved, densely bristly ferruginous hairy, 5–8-seeded, transversely impressed between the seeds; fruiting pedicels 2–3 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds dark brown or yellow-brown, 2.5–3.7 × 2.5–3 × 1.5–2 mm, squarish or oblong; hilum small, round, central, with a short impressed groove at one end.
[FZ]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 0 - 2500 m.; Amazonia, Andes, Islas Caribeñas, Llanura del Caribe, Orinoquia, Pacífico, Valle del Magdalena.
Morphology General Habit
Trepadora, liana
Conservation
Preocupación Menor
[CPLC]

Bernal, R., G. Galeano, A. Rodríguez, H. Sarmiento y M. Gutiérrez. 2017. Nombres Comunes de las Plantas de Colombia. http://www.biovirtual.unal.edu.co/nombrescomunes/

Vernacular
bejuco de ortiga, calopo, kudzú, rabo de iguana
[UNAL]

Extinction risk predictions for the world's flowering plants to support their conservation (2024). Bachman, S.P., Brown, M.J.M., Leão, T.C.C., Lughadha, E.N., Walker, B.E. https://nph.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/nph.19592

Conservation
Predicted extinction risk: not threatened. Confidence: confident
[AERP]

Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

Morphology General Habit
Trailing or twining herb 1-several m. long, densely pilose with long spreading ferruginous hairs.
Morphology Leaves
Leaflets elliptic, ovate or rhomboid-ovate, (1·5–)4–10(–15) cm. long, (1·3–)2–5(–9·3) cm. wide, obtuse or subacute and apiculate at the apex, rounded at the base, the laterals oblique, adpressed pilose or pubescent on both surfaces; petiole 2–16 cm. long, pilose; rhachis 0·5–2·2 cm. long; stipules ovate-lanceolate, 4 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences 1–10 cm. long above a peduncle 0–17 cm. long, ferruginous pilose; fascicles ± 6-flowered, often well-separated or sometimes single and subsessile; pedicels very short; bracts and bracteoles lanceolate, 4 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx campanulate, 6–8 mm. long, pilose; teeth subulate, the upper 2 about as long as the tube, the lower 3 longer.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Standard blue, 0·7–1 cm. long, 5–6 mm. wide, emarginate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary hairy; style glabrous, about as long as the ovary.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Pods linear-oblong, 2–4 cm. long, 3·5–5 mm. wide, straight or curved, densely bristly ferruginous hairy, 5–8-seeded, transversely impressed between the seeds; fruiting pedicels 2–3 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds dark brown or yellow-brown, squarish or oblong, longest dimension 2·5–3·7 mm., shorter dimension 2·5–3 mm., 1·5–2 mm. thick; hilum small, round, central, with a short impressed groove at one end.
Habitat
Widely cultivated from 900–1500 m. as a cover crop or green manure but undoubtedly occuring as an escape in U3 and T7 and quite probably elsewhere; Davies states “side of furrow, 900 m.”
Distribution
tropical S. America, Central America, West Indies, also widely introduced into tropical Africa and Asia K7 T7 U3 U4 Z
[FTEA]

Uses

Use Animal Food
Used as animal food.
Use Environmental
Environmental uses.
Use Food
Used for food.
Use Medicines
Medical uses.
[UPFC]

Use
Environmental, Forage, Weed
[ILDIS]

Sources

  • Angiosperm Extinction Risk Predictions v1

    • Angiosperm Threat Predictions
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
  • Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible

    • ColPlantA 2021. Published on the Internet at http://colplanta.org
    • https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
  • Flora Zambesiaca

    • Flora Zambesiaca
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • 'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • International Legume Database and Information Service

    • International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images
  • Universidad Nacional de Colombia

    • ColPlantA database
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0