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This species is accepted, and its native range is Kenya to Mozambique, NE. Madagascar.

[ILDIS]

International Legume Database and Information Service

Conservation
Not Threatened
Ecology
Africa: Zanzibar-Inhambane regional transition zone; bushland and thicket.
Morphology General Habit
Perennial, Not climbing, Shrub/Tree
Vernacular
Tsiambaravatsy

[FTEA]

Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

Morphology General Habit
Shrub or small tree 1.2–6 m. high (? more).
Morphology Branches
Young branchlets minutely puberulous (in East Africa), soon glabrous.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves with petiole and rhachis eglandular, the latter 7–25 cm. long. Leaflets in 4–9 pairs, petiolulate, ovate to ovate-elliptic, 2–10 cm. long, (1–)1.5–5.2 cm. wide, obtuse or subacute at apex, in Flora area glabrous except at extreme base.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a usually erect large pyramidal terminal panicle up to 30–40 cm. long or more, composed of terminal and lateral racemes (8–)15–38 cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Bracts all falling while the flower-buds are young, 4–8 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals bright yellow, 1.5–3 cm. long, 1–2 cm. wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 10; filaments of 3 lower each with an S-bend near base and an abrupt conspicuous swelling a little more than half-way along their length.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Pods subcylindrical or very slightly compressed, usually ± attenuate at base and apex, 20–60 cm. long, 1–1.5 cm. in diameter, glabrous, blackish-brown, transversely but not longitudinally partitioned within.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds embedded in pulp, brown or blackish-brown, 6–8 mm. in diameter, 4 mm. thick.
Figures
Fig. 11, p. 63.
Habitat
Probably coastal evergreen bushland; common in the dry coral areas of Zanzibar and Pemba (U.O.P.Z.: 175); 0–90 m.
Distribution
K1 K7 P T3 T6 T8 Z

[FZ]

Leguminosae, R.K. Brummitt, A.C. Chikuni, J.M. Lock and R.M. Polhill. Flora Zambesiaca 3:2. 2007

Morphology General Habit
Shrub or small tree, 1–4(6) m tall.
Morphology Branches
Branchlets brown, longitudinally ridged, glabrous.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves paripinnate; stipules not seen, probably very early caducous; petiole 1.9–8.5 cm long, glabrous; rachis 9–19 cm long, glabrous; petiolules 2–4 mm long; leaflets opposite to subopposite, in 5–6(8) pairs, 2.5–7.2 × 1.6–3.4 cm, ovate to broadly ovate, somewhat asymmetric, apex acute to rounded, base asymmetrically cuneate, glabrous above, glabrous to sparsely pubescent beneath; venation slightly prominent on both surfaces.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences of axillary and terminal racemes, held erect or horizontally, often branched; axis glabrous or pubescent; bracts c.6 × 1 mm, linear, puberulous; bracteoles c.2 × 0.5 mm, linear, puberulous; bracts and bracteoles falling well before anthesis; pedicels 2.5–4 cm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx lobes 5, 9–11 × 4–6 mm, ovate to elliptic, sparsely appressed-pubescent outside, glabrous inside.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals yellow, 16–20 × 10–14 mm including a 2 mm long claw, obovate-elliptic.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 10; filaments glabrous, anthers pubescent, 3 stamens with filaments c.16 mm long, sigmoidally curved in the lower third, abruptly swollen above the middle, anthers c.4 mm long; 4 with straight filaments 6–7 mm long, anthers c.4 mm long; 3 with filaments either straight or helically coiled towards the apex, anthers c.1.5 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary 16–24 × 1–1.5 mm, linear, pubescent, multiovulate; stigmatic chamber lateral, fringed with hairs.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Pod blackish, 40–44 × 1–1.2 cm, cylindrical, terete, many-seeded; pod wall easily crushed between finger and thumb.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seed dark brown, shiny, c.6 × 6 × 3 mm, almost circular, flattened, enclosed in pulp.

[ILDIS]
Use
Medicine

Native to:

Kenya, Madagascar, Mozambique, Tanzania

Introduced into:

Zimbabwe

Cassia afrofistula Brenan appears in other Kew resources:

First published in Kew Bull. 13: 236 (1958)

Accepted by

  • Brummitt, R.K., Chikuni, A.C., Lock, J.M. & Polhill, R.M. (2007). 61. Leguminosae Subfamily Caesalpinioideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(2): 1-218. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Du Puy, D.J., Labat, N.-N., Rabevohitra, R., Villiers, J.-F., Bosser, J. & Moat, J. (2002). The Leguminosae of Madagascar: 1-737. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Du Puy, D.J., Labat, N.-N., Rabevohitra, R., Villiers, J.-F., Bosser, J. & Moat, J. (2002). The Leguminosae of Madagascar: 1-737. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Brenan in Kew Bulletin 13: 236 (1958).
  • Dale & Greenway, Kenya Trees and Shrubs p. 101 (1961).

International Legume Database and Information Service

  • Brenan, J. P. M. (1967). Caesalp. In: Flora Trop. East Africa. Milne-Redhead & Polhill
  • Brenan, J. P. M. (1969). Hookers Ic. Pl. ser. 5, 7:tt. 3658-60. Cassia bur., thyr., afrofi
  • Du Puy, D. J. et al. (2002). The Leguminosae of Madagascar. RBG Kew.

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

International Legume Database and Information Service
International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0