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This species is accepted, and its native range is Tanzania to S. Tropical Africa.

[ILDIS]

International Legume Database and Information Service

Conservation
Not Threatened
Ecology
Africa: Zanzibar-Inhambane regional transition zone; forest, Zambezian forest
Morphology General Habit
Perennial, Not climbing, Tree

[FTEA]

Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

Morphology General Habit
Tree 6–25 m. high, in most ways very similar to C. mannii.
Morphology Branches
Young branchlets puberulous to subglabrous.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves with petiole and rhachis eglandular, the latter up to 30 cm. long. Leaflets up to 13 pairs, emarginate at apex, glabrous or almost so, without pubescent margins, otherwise as in C. mannii.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Racemes as in C. mannii except for being somewhat more pubescent and with bracts sometimes persistent till the flowers open.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals golden-yellow, 2–3.0 cm. long, (1.1–, fide F.C.B.)1.5–2.0 cm. wide; flowers otherwise as in C. mannii.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Pods up to 70 cm. long, similar to those of C. mannii.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds brown, ellipsoid to obovoid, compressed, 8–10 × 5–9 × 6 mm., transversely cracked.
Habitat
Lowland rain-forest; 820–1070 m.
Distribution
T3 T6 T8

[FZ]

Leguminosae, R.K. Brummitt, A.C. Chikuni, J.M. Lock and R.M. Polhill. Flora Zambesiaca 3:2. 2007

Distribution
Also in Angola, Tanzania and D.R. Congo.
Ecology
Forest, dense thicket on Kalahari sands;850–1500 m.
Morphology General Habit
Tree to 20 m tall; bark smooth, grey.
Morphology Branches
Branchlets very dark brown to almost black, longitudinally furrowed, pubescent to sparsely pubescent, glabrescent.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves paripinnate; stipules not seen, very early caducous; petiole 1.6–2 cm long, sparsely pubescent; rachis 9–14(18) cm long,>i> sparsely pubescent; petiolules 1–3 mm long;>i> leaflets opposite to subopposite, in 7–9 pairs,>i> discolorous, 2.8–6.2 × 1.5–2.8 cm, ovate to ovate-elliptic,>i> symmetrical,>i> apex rounded or (usually) retuse, base rounded to broadly cuneate, glabrous;>i> venation slightly prominent on both surfaces.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences axillary and terminal, racemose; axis puberulous; bracts and bracteoles not seen, presumably early caducous; pedicels (2.5)5–8 cm long, longitudinally ridged when dry, sparsely pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx lobes 5, 12–15 × 5–8 mm, ovate to elliptic, sparsely puberulous near the base outside, glabrous inside.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals yellow, 28–30 × 16–27 mm, broadly elliptic.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 10; 3 with filaments c.40 mm long, glabrous, sigmoidally curved near the base, without a median swelling, anthers c.5 mm long; 4 with straight filaments 10–15 mm long, anthers 5 mm long; 3 with filaments 12–15 mm long, curved towards the apex, anthers 3 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary multiovulate, c.50 mm long and 2 mm in diameter, flattened-filiform, almost glabrous but very sparsely pubescent near the base; stigma terminal, recessed.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Pod black, up to 70 cm long, 1.5–2 cm in diameter, terete, glabrous, many-seeded.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds buff, shiny, 8–9 × 5–6 × 4–5 mm, ellipsoidal, somewhat flattened, not embedded in pulp.

[ILDIS]
Use
Medicine

Native to:

Angola, Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre

Cassia angolensis Welw. ex Hiern appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Welwitsch [1736], Angola K000232418
Gossweiler, Johannes [1335], Angola K001276450
Gossweiler, Johannes [1335], Angola K001276451

First published in Cat. Afr. Pl. 1: 291 (1896)

Accepted by

  • Brummitt, R.K., Chikuni, A.C., Lock, J.M. & Polhill, R.M. (2007). 61. Leguminosae Subfamily Caesalpinioideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(2): 1-218. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Brummitt, R.K., Chikuni, A.C., Lock, J.M. & Polhill, R.M. (2007). 61. Leguminosae Subfamily Caesalpinioideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(2): 1-218. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Bak. f., Leguminosae of Tropical Africa: 631 (1930).
  • Hiern, Cat. Afr. Pl. Welw. 1: 291 (1896).
  • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 98 (1949).
  • Mendonça & Torre in Consp. Fl. Angol. 2: 176 (1956).
  • Milne-Redh. in Hook., Ic. Pl., pp. 2–3 sub t. 3368 (1938), in obs.
  • Steyaert in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 3: 503 (1952).

International Legume Database and Information Service

  • Brenan, J. P. M. (1967). Caesalp. In: Flora Trop. East Africa. Milne-Redhead & Polhill
  • Watt, J. M. & Breyer-Brandwijk, M (1962). Medicinal & Poisonous Plants of Southern & Eastern Africa

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

International Legume Database and Information Service
International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0