Clitoria ternatea L.

First published in Sp. Pl.: 753 (1753)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Cape Verde, Tropical & S. Africa, Arabian Peninsula. It is a climbing perennial or subshrub and grows primarily in the seasonally dry tropical biome. It is used as animal food, a poison and a medicine, has environmental uses and for food.

Descriptions

Bernal, R., G. Galeano, A. Rodríguez, H. Sarmiento y M. Gutiérrez. 2017. Nombres Comunes de las Plantas de Colombia. http://www.biovirtual.unal.edu.co/nombrescomunes/

Vernacular
bejuco conchita, campanilla, campanita, doncenón, flormarina, frijolillo silvestre, patico azul, zapatico de la Virgen, zapatico de reina
[UNAL]

Extinction risk predictions for the world's flowering plants to support their conservation (2024). Bachman, S.P., Brown, M.J.M., Leão, T.C.C., Lughadha, E.N., Walker, B.E. https://nph.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/nph.19592

Conservation
Predicted extinction risk: not threatened. Confidence: confident
[AERP]

George R. Proctor (2012). Flora of the Cayman Isands (Second Edition). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew

Vernacular
BLUEBELL
Morphology General Habit
A twining herbaceous vine, more or less woody at the base, finely pubescent more or less throughout, but often sparsely so
Morphology Leaves
Leaves petiolate, 5–7-foliolate; leaflets elliptic or ovate, 2–5 cm long; stipules linear, 5–7 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers solitary on axillary peduncles 3–8 mm long; bracteoles roundish, 6–7 mm long; calyx 1.5–2 cm long; standard intense blue with white blotch in the middle, rarely all white, 4–4.5 cm long; wings and keel much shorter
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Pods 6–10 cm long, 8–9 mm broad, beaked at the apex; seeds 5–6 mm long, mottled dark brown.
Distribution
Grand Cayman, Cayman Brac. Native of tropical Africa, but widely cultivated as an ornamental, and now somewhat naturalised in nearly all warm countries.
[Cayman]

Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

Morphology General Habit
Perennial climbing or trailing herb or suberect at base, 0·45–3 m. long; rootstock woody.
Morphology Stem
Stems slender, glabrescent or adpressed pubescent.
Morphology Leaves
Leaflets 5–7, elliptic, oblong, oblong-lanceolate or almost round, 1–6·7 cm. long, 0·3–4 cm. wide, acute, rounded or emarginate at the apex, acute to rounded at the base, glabrescent above, adpressed pubescent beneath; petiole 1–3 cm. long; rhachis 1–6 cm. long; petiolules 1–3 mm. long; stipules persistent, lanceolate, 4–10 mm. long, veined.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers axillary, solitary or paired; peduncle 0·3–1 cm. long; pedicels 6–9 mm. long; bracteoles ovate or round, 0·4–1·7 cm. long, 0·25–1·5 cm. wide, veined.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx pubescent, veined; tube 8–12 mm. long; lobes oblong-lanceolate or triangular, 7–10 mm. long, 2·5–3 mm. wide, acute or acuminate, the upper pair joined for under one-third of their length.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Standard held lowermost, white or greenish-white, often margined with blue or entirely blue, basal central area often yellow or greenish, oblong-obovate, 2·5–5 cm. long, 1·5–3·5 cm. wide, extremely finely puberulous, margins sometimes ciliolate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Pods linear-oblong, flattened, 6–12·5 cm. long, 0·7–1·2 cm. wide, margined, apiculate, glabrous or sparsely adpressed pubescent and minutely puberulous also.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds 8–10, olive, pale brown or deep reddish-brown with dark mottling, or almost black, ellipsoid, oblong or oblong-reniform, sometimes truncate at one end, longest dimension 4·5–7 mm., shorter dimension 3–4 mm., 2–2·5 mm. thick, minutely punctulate on the faces.
Figures
Fig. 75.
Habitat
Grassland, grassland with scattered trees, scrub, bush, old cultivations, etc.; 0–1500 m.
Distribution
K1 K4 K5 K6 K7 T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 T7 T8 U1 Cape Verde Is. and Senegal to Somali Republic and south to Angola and South Africa (Transvaal)also Madagascar and Mascarene Is., Arabia through India and SE. Asia to S. China, Taiwan, Malaysia, Indonesia, Australia and many Pacific Is., North and South America and West Indies, the true distribution now obscured by widespread cultivation
[FTEA]

International Legume Database and Information Service

Conservation
Not Threatened
Ecology
Africa: Zambezian grassland, Somalia-Masai wooded grasslands., Somalia-Masai grasslands, Sudanian wooded grassland, Zambezian wooded grassland, Sudanian grasslands
Morphology General Habit
Perennial, Climbing, Herb
Vernacular
Ambrevade Marron, Aparajit, Aparajita, Aral, Asian Pigeon Wings, Asphota, Aug Chan, Auk-egelai, Aung-mai-phya, Azulejo, Balog-balog, Bang San Deng, Bang San 'Khao, Bazrul-marariyune-hindi, Bejuco De Conchitas, Bhovera, Bikhe-hayat, Blue Pea, Bluebell, Bok
[ILDIS]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Climbing or trailing perennial herb
Morphology Leaves Leaflets
Leaflets 5–7, oblong-lanceolate to almost round, 1–6.7 x 0.3–4 cm, glabrescent above, appressed pubescent beneath; petiole 1–3 cm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Flowers axillary, solitary or paired; bracteoles ovate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 15–20 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Standard held lowermost, white or greenish-white, often margined with blue or entirely blue, 2.5–5 cm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Pod 6–12.5 x 0.7–1.2 cm, 8–10-seeded, glabrous or sparsely pubescent.
Distribution
N1, 2; S1–3 pantropical.
Ecology
Altitude range 40–700 m.
Vernacular
Dharqo, fifiole (Somali-S); ria egee, riahele (Somali-N).
Note
A white-flowered form, forma albiflora (Mattei) Chiov., is fairly frequent in S2 (e.g. Suckert 108).
[FSOM]

Leguminosae, B. Mackinder, R. Pasquet, R. Polhill and B. Verdcourt. Flora Zambesiaca 3:5. 2001

Morphology General Habit
Perennial herb, climbing trailing or suberect at the base; rootstock woody.
Morphology Leaves Leaflets
Leaflets 2–3(4) pairs, membranous to chartaceous, 0.6–6.5 × 0.6–3.9 cm, ovate, elliptic, oblong or round, glabrescent above, pubescent beneath; petiole 1–3 cm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers resupinate, 1–2 per axil, on a peduncle 3–10 mm long; pedicels 6–9 mm long; bracteoles 4–17 × 2–17 mm, ovate or round.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 7–18 mm long, finely pubescent; lobes oblong, lanceolate or triangular.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Standard white, often margined with blue or completely blue, 2.5–5 × 1.5–3.5(4) cm, shortly clawed, finely pubescent outside.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Pod 6–12.5 × 0.7–1.2 cm, linear-oblong, mucronate, compressed, glabrous or finely pubescent, 8–12-seeded.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds light to dark brown or black, 5–7 × 3–4 × 2 mm, with a small white rim aril and funicular remnant.
[FZ]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Naturalizada en Colombia; Alt. 20 - 1500 m.; Andes, Llanura del Caribe, Orinoquia, Pacífico, Valle del Cauca, Valle del Magdalena.
Morphology General Habit
Hierba, arbusto, trepadora
Conservation
No Evaluada
[CPLC]

Distribution
Biogeografic region: Andean, Caribbean, Orinoquia, Pacific. Elevation range: 20–1500 m a.s.l. Naturalised in Colombia. Colombian departments: Antioquia, Bolívar, Caldas, Casanare, Chocó, Córdoba, Cundinamarca, Huila, Meta, Nariño, Quindío, Santander, Tolima, Valle del Cauca.
Habit
Herb, Shrub, Climbing.
Ecology
Habitat according IUCN Habitats Classification: forest and woodland, savanna, shrubland, native grassland, artificial - terrestrial.
Vernacular
Azulejo, Conchitas, Doncenón, Frijolillo silvestre, Papito, Sapotillo, Zapatico de la reina
[UPFC]

Papilionaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

Morphology General Habit
A climber, somewhat shrubby below;
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers deep blue, occasionally pure white
[FWTA]

International Legume Database and Information Service

Morphology General Habit
Perennial, Climbing, Herb
[ILDIS]

Uses

Use
Chemical products, Domestic, Environmental, Food and Drink, Forage, Medicine, Toxins, Weed
[ILDIS]

Use Animal Food
Used as animal food.
Use Environmental
Environmental uses.
Use Gene Sources
Used as gene sources.
Use Food
Used for food.
Use Materials
Used as material.
Use Medicines
Medical uses.
Use Poisons
Poisons.
[UPFC]

Use
Environmental
[ILDIS]

Common Names

English
Butterfly Pea

Sources

  • Angiosperm Extinction Risk Predictions v1

    • Angiosperm Threat Predictions
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
  • Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora Zambesiaca

    • Flora Zambesiaca
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Somalia

    • Flora of Somalia
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of the Cayman Islands

    • Flora of the Cayman Islands
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • International Legume Database and Information Service

    • International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Living Collection Database

    • Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images
  • Universidad Nacional de Colombia

    • ColPlantA database
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0