Crotalaria capensis Jacq.

First published in Hort. Bot. Vindob. 3: 36 (1777)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is S. Malawi to S. Africa. It is a shrub or tree and grows primarily in the seasonally dry tropical biome.

Descriptions

Leguminosae, various authors. Flora Zambesiaca 3:7. 2003

Morphology General Habit
Bushy shrub, 1–3 m tall, usually with rather persistently tomentose branches, but sometimes glabrescent or even glabrous.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves 3-foliolate; leaflets (1.5)3–7 × (1)1.5–3 cm, elliptic to obovate, pointed to rounded at the apex, glabrous to densely pubescent (particularly beneath); petioles mostly shorter than leaflets; stipules usually leaf-like, 0.8–2(3) cm long, with 1–4 mm long stalk and obovate blade, sometimes caducous or lacking.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Racemes with few to many fairly closely arranged flowers; bracts (1.5)3.5–7.5(10) mm long, linear-lanceolate; bracteoles filiform, smaller.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx with funnel-shaped hypanthium (8)10–16(18) mm long, glabrous to thinly pubescent; lobes attenuate-triangular, longer than the tube.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Standard ovate or elliptic, yellow, marked and later flushed with red, glabrous or medially pubescent outside; wings three quarters to nearly as long as the keel; keel (1.5)2–2.4 cm long, rounded about the middle, with a rather short blunt beak.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Pod including (5)12–16 mm long stipe c. 4.5–6.8 cm long, oblong-clavate, shortly appressed-pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds 4–4.5 mm long, oblique-cordiform, practically smooth, brown.
[FZ]

Extinction risk predictions for the world's flowering plants to support their conservation (2024). Bachman, S.P., Brown, M.J.M., Leão, T.C.C., Lughadha, E.N., Walker, B.E. https://nph.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/nph.19592

Conservation
Predicted extinction risk: not threatened. Confidence: confident
[AERP]

International Legume Database and Information Service

Conservation
Not Threatened
Ecology
Africa: Kalahari-Highveld regional transition zone; bushland and thicket., Zanzibar-Inhambane regional transition zone; bushland and thicket., Zanzibar-Inhambane regional transition zone; grassland., Zambezian bushland and thicket, Zambezian grassland, To
Morphology General Habit
Perennial, Not climbing, Shrub
[ILDIS]

Uses

Use
Environmental
[ILDIS]

Common Names

English
Cape Laburnum

Sources

  • Angiosperm Extinction Risk Predictions v1

    • Angiosperm Threat Predictions
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
  • Flora Zambesiaca

    • Flora Zambesiaca
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • International Legume Database and Information Service

    • International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Living Collection Database

    • Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images