Daniellia oliveri (Rolfe) Hutch. & Dalziel

First published in Fl. W. Trop. Afr. 1: 341 (1928)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is W. Tropical Africa to NW. Uganda. It is a tree and grows primarily in the seasonally dry tropical biome.

Descriptions

Caesalpiniaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

Morphology General Habit
A large savannah tree, to 100 ft. high
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Copious rather flat panicles of white, scented flowers
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Smooth pale flat 1-seeded fruits of horny consistence, tardily dehiscent.
[FWTA]

Extinction risk predictions for the world's flowering plants to support their conservation (2024). Bachman, S.P., Brown, M.J.M., Leão, T.C.C., Lughadha, E.N., Walker, B.E. https://nph.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/nph.19592

Conservation
Predicted extinction risk: not threatened. Confidence: confident
[AERP]

IUCN Red List of Threatened Species https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/144315321/149026856

Conservation
LC - least concern
[IUCN]

Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

Morphology General Habit
Deciduous tree 9–25(–45) m. high; bark pale grey, scaly, with crimson slash; crown obconical, flat-topped.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves:rhachis with petiole 17–50 cm. long; leaflets 4–10 pairs, ovate-elliptic to ovate-oblong, 3.5–18 cm. long, 2.5–9.5 cm. wide, asymmetric at base, ± acuminate at apex, pellucid-dotted all over, glabrous, or pubescent and becoming glabrous; petiolules 0.5–1.5 cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Panicles 6–25 × 5–37 cm.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers white, fragrant.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals elliptic, 1.2–1.7 cm. long, 0.8–1.1(–1.5 when spread out) cm. wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals:1 oblong-elliptic, 0.8–1.2 cm. long, 0.3–0.45 cm. wide; 4 very small and inconspicuous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamen-filaments exserted, 3–3.5 cm. long, free, glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Pods 6–9.5 cm. long, 3–4.5 cm. wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds obovoid or ellipsoid, 2–2.6 cm. long, 1.3–1.9 cm. wide.
Figures
Fig. 24, p. 131.
Habitat
Wooded grassland, with Butyrospermum paradoxum; 1060–1530 m.
Distribution
U1 widespread in tropical Africa north of the Equator from Senegal eastwards to the Sudan Republic and southwards to the Cameroun Republic, Congo Republic and Uganda
[FTEA]

International Legume Database and Information Service

Conservation
Not Threatened
Ecology
Africa: Guineo-Congolian transition woodland, Guineo-Congolian wooded grassland., Sudanian woodland
Morphology General Habit
Perennial, Not climbing, Tree
Vernacular
African Copaiba Balsam Tree, West African Gum Copal
[ILDIS]

Uses

Use
Chemical products, Medicine, Miscellaneous, Wood
[ILDIS]

Sources

  • Angiosperm Extinction Risk Predictions v1

    • Angiosperm Threat Predictions
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • IUCN Categories

    • IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • International Legume Database and Information Service

    • International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images