Delonix baccal (Chiov.) Baker f.

First published in Legum. Trop. Africa: 624 (1930)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Ethiopia to Kenya. It is a shrub or tree and grows primarily in the desert or dry shrubland biome.

Descriptions

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Tree 6–10 m high, with umbrella-shaped crown; bark grey with the outer surface peeling off and papery
Morphology Leaves
Leaves with small deciduous subulate stipules; pinnae (1–)2–5 pairs; leaflets (4–)6–15 pairs, elliptic-oblong, 10–35 x 4.5–20 mm, appressed puberulous on both surfaces
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Racemes 4–9-flowered; bracts small, deciduous before flowers open
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Upper petal 4.2–5.5 cm long, bright yellow; other petals ± 2.8–3.5 cm long, white; all, especially the upper one, ± distinctly tapering and pointed at apex
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Filaments
Filaments 3–4 cm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary glabrous or nearly so, except for some pubescence on margins and stipe
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Pods 15–24 x 2.5–3.5 cm
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds oblong-elliptic, flattened.
Distribution
C1, 2; S1; E Ethiopia, N Kenya
Ecology
Altitude range c. 300–400 m.
Vernacular
Bakal, lebi (Somali)
[FSOM]

Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

Morphology General Habit
Tree 6–18 m. high, with umbrella-shaped crown; bark smooth, grey, with the outer surface peeling off and papery.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves with (1–, fide Roti-Michelozzi)2–5 pairs of pinnae; leaflets (4–)6–15 pairs, elliptic-oblong, 1–3.5 cm. long, 0.45–2 cm. wide, rounded at apex, minutely appressed-puberulous on both surfaces.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences of 4–9-flowered racemes, minutely and thinly puberulous (including the calyces outside).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals:the upper one 4.2–5.5 cm. long, 1.8–2.2 cm. wide, oblanceolate or obovate, bright yellow; the lateral and lower ones ± 2.8–3.5 cm. long and 1.5–2.2 cm. wide, with a more rounded or somewhat rhombic lamina, white; all, especially the upper one, ± distinctly tapering and pointed at apex.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamen-filaments 3–4 cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary glabrous or nearly so, except for some pubescence on stipe and margins.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Pods 15–24 cm. long, 2.5–3.5 cm. wide.
Figures
Fig. 3/6, 7.
Habitat
Deciduous bushland ( Commiphora-Acacia); 450–1080 m.
Distribution
K1 and most probably also in southern Ethiopia
[FTEA]

International Legume Database and Information Service

Conservation
Not Threatened
Ecology
Africa: Somalia-Masai bushland and thicket
Morphology General Habit
Perennial, Not climbing, Tree
[ILDIS]

Sources

  • Flora of Somalia

    • Flora of Somalia
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • International Legume Database and Information Service

    • International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0