Erythrina fusca Lour.

First published in Fl. Cochinch.: 427 (1790)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Tropical America, Tanzania (Pemba) to W. Pacific. It is a tree and grows primarily in the wet tropical biome. It is used as animal food, a poison, a medicine and invertebrate food, has environmental uses and social uses and for fuel and food.


IUCN Red List of Threatened Species

LC - least concern

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá.

Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 5 - 1560 m.; Amazonia, Andes, Llanura del Caribe, Pacífico, Valle del Cauca, Valle del Magdalena.
Morphology General Habit
Árbol, liana
Preocupación Menor

International Legume Database and Information Service

Not Threatened
Africa: Zanzibar-Inhambane regional transition zone; mangrove., Cultivated
Morphology General Habit
Perennial, Not climbing, Tree
Ahuijote, Amapola, Bucare, Eritrina-da-baixa, Eritrina-do-alto, Guiliqueme, Monongondrano, Swamp Imortelle, Yak-erabadu, Yak-errabadoogas

Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

Morphology General Habit
Tree to 24 m. (fide Corner) tall, with short trunk and spreading crown, armed with spines; flowering when leaves are present.
Morphology Stem
Stems pale, mostly covered with short almost straight black prickles, glabrescent.
Morphology Leaves
Leaflets mostly paler beneath or glaucous, subcoriaceous, elliptic, 2·5–15(–20) cm. long, 1·4–8·5(–15) cm. wide, rounded or less often subacute at both ends, glabrous above and beneath or with dense closely adpressed hairs beneath producing a finely velvety texture; veins and midrib with or, more often, without prickles; petiole 1–19 cm. long, not or very sparsely prickly; rhachis 0·5–5 cm. long; petiolules 0·2–1·3 cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences covered with deciduous ferruginous hairs, mostly unarmed; rhachis 8–30 cm. long; peduncle 2·5–13 cm. long; pedicels 0·5–2 cm. long, pubescent; bracts and bracteoles ovate, up to 2·5 mm. long, 2 mm. broad, deciduous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx asymmetrically broadly campanulate, 1·2–1·7 cm. long on keel side, 1–1·4 cm. long on standard side, lacerate or mostly ± entire, but with short thick 0·5–1·5 mm. long spur on keel side conspicuous in bud, ferruginous pubescent with deciduous hairs.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Standard orange or scarlet, long-clawed, rounded-rhombic, (3–)4·7–6·8 cm. long, 3·5–5·8 cm. wide, rounded or emarginate, narrowed at base; keel slightly longer than the wings.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Pods shortly stipitate, linear, compressed, 14–33 cm. long, 1·4–1·8 cm. wide, 6–10-seeded, margined, slightly constricted between the seeds, densely velvety adpressed ferrugin-ously hairy when young, later glabrescent; valves ± completely separating, ridged outside.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds dark brown or blackish with black markings, oblong or oblong-ellipsoid, longest dimension 1·2–1·8 cm., shorter dimensions 5–8 mm.; hilum elliptic, 6–7·5 mm. long.
Swampy shore; sea-level
P widespread in tropical South America

Bernal, R., G. Galeano, A. Rodríguez, H. Sarmiento y M. Gutiérrez. 2017. Nombres Comunes de las Plantas de Colombia.

amacise, amasisa, amasise, bucare, búcare, bucaro, búcaro, búcaro de pantano, cachimbo, cachingo, cámbulo, cámbulo rosado, cantagallo, cantagallo colorado, cantagallos, chambul, chengue, chengué, chocha, chochas, palo de agua, pito, zapato de reina

Biogeografic region: Amazonia, Andean, Caribbean, Pacific. Elevation range: 5–1560 m a.s.l. Native to Colombia. Colombian departments: Amazonas, Antioquia, Arauca, Atlántico, Chocó, Córdoba, Cundinamarca, Guaviare, Huila, Magdalena, Meta, Putumayo, Santander, Tolima, Valle del Cauca.
IUCN Red List Assessment (2021): LC. National Red List of Colombia (2021): Potential LC.
Tree, Liana.
Habitat according IUCN Habitats Classification: forest and woodland, savanna, shrubland, native grassland, wetlands (inland), artificial - terrestrial.
Amasisa, Bucago, Bucare, Gachico, Gallito de pantano, Kasho, Kuaso, Oakta, Palo santo


Environmental, Wood

Use Animal Food
Used as animal food.
Use Environmental
Environmental uses.
Use Fuel
Used for fuels.
Use Food
Used for food.
Use Invertebrate Food
Used as invertebrate food.
Use Materials
Used as material.
Use Medicines
Medical uses.
Use Poisons
Use Social
Social uses.


  • Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible

    • ColPlantA 2021. Published on the Internet at
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew
  • IUCN Categories

    • IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
  • International Legume Database and Information Service

    • International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2023. Published on the Internet at and
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants.
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2023. Published on the Internet at and
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants.
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images
  • Universidad Nacional de Colombia

    • ColPlantA database
  • Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia