Family:
Fabaceae Lindl.
Genus:
Erythrina L.

Erythrina variegata L.

This species is accepted, and its native range is Tanzania to Pacific. It is used as animal food, a poison, a medicine and invertebrate food, has environmental uses and social uses and for fuel and food.

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Cultivada en Colombia; Alt. 20 - 900 m.; Llanura del Caribe, Valle del Cauca.
Morphology General Habit
Árbol

[UPFC]
Distribution
Biogeografic region: Caribbean. Elevation range: 20–900 m a.s.l. Cultivated in Colombia. Colombian departments: Antioquia, Valle del Cauca.
Habit
Tree.
Conservation
IUCN Red List Assessment (2021): LC.

[ILDIS]

International Legume Database and Information Service

Conservation
Vulnerable
Ecology
Africa: Zanzibar-Inhambane regional transition zone; mangrove., Cultivated
Morphology General Habit
Perennial, Not climbing, Tree
Vernacular
Amapola, Anzava, Arbre a Corail, Atae, Bois Inmortel Vrai, Dabdab, Dadap, Easter Flower, Era-badu, Era-mudu, Holocauste, Immortel Grand, Immortelle, Indian Coral Tree, Katu-eramadu, Mandara, Mapoleona, Motel, Mouroque, Mourouc, Mourouque, Mullu-murukku, M

[UNAL]

Bernal, R., G. Galeano, A. Rodríguez, H. Sarmiento y M. Gutiérrez. 2017. Nombres Comunes de las Plantas de Colombia. http://www.biovirtual.unal.edu.co/nombrescomunes/

Vernacular
caraqueño

[FTEA]

Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

Morphology General Habit
Tree 6–12 m. tall, with much branched crown; branches prickly; flowering when leaves not present.
Morphology Stem
Stems pale, with short straight black prickles, at first densely stellate tomentose but soon glabrous.
Morphology Leaves
Leaflets ovate to broadly rhomboid, rather thin, 4–19·5 cm. long, 3–21 cm. wide, acute to acuminate (often bluntly) at the apex, truncate, rounded or slightly cordate at the base, at first sparsely stellate pubescent or tomentose beneath, later almost glabrous, sometimes variegated (not in Africa); midrib not prickly; petiole 2–20 cm. long, not prickly; rhachis 1–7 cm. long; petiolules 0·5–1·4 cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences dense, many-flowered, covered with a deciduous stellate ferruginous tomentum; rhachis 10–20 cm. long; peduncle 7–17 cm. long; pedicels 8–11 mm. long, tomentose; bracts and bracteoles oblong, 2–3 mm. long, 0·5–1 mm. wide, soon deciduous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx fusiform in bud, narrowed above and terminating in 2 filiform lobes 2–4 mm. long and a thickened knob, later splitting deeply on the vexillar side to form a spathe, 2–4 cm. long, at first covered with a ferruginous stellate tomentum, later glabrous, dark-lined when dry.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Standard dark crimson or scarlet, short-clawed, elliptic, 5–6(–7) cm. long, 2–2·5 cm. wide, rounded; keel and wings about equal, ± a third the length of the standard.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Pods stipitate, sausage-shaped or elongate-cylindrical, 12–30(–40) cm. long, 2–3 cm. wide, (3–)4–13-seeded, moderately but not deeply constricted between the seeds, densely stellate tomentose when very young, soon glabrous; valves reticulately veined like a ground-nut pod.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds pinkish or purplish-red, oblong or oblong-ellipsoid, sometimes slightly curved, longest dimension 1·3–2 cm., shorter dimension 0·8–1·2 cm., 0·8–1·1 cm. thick; hilum oblong or oblong-oblanceolate, 5–8·5 mm. long.
Habitat
Coastal bushland on dry edge of Avicennia mangrove-swamp and other associations just above high-water mark
Distribution
T6 Z

[UPFC]
Use Animal Food
Used as animal food.
Use Environmental
Environmental uses.
Use Fuel
Used for fuels.
Use Food
Used for food.
Use Invertebrate Food
Used as invertebrate food.
Use Materials
Used as material.
Use Medicines
Medical uses.
Use Poisons
Poisons.
Use Social
Social uses.

[ILDIS]
Use
Chemical products, Domestic, Environmental, Fibre, Food and Drink, Forage, Medicine, Toxins, Wood

Native to:

Aldabra, Andaman Is., Assam, Bangladesh, Bismarck Archipelago, Borneo, Cambodia, Caroline Is., China South-Central, China Southeast, Christmas I., Cocos (Keeling) Is., Comoros, Cook Is., East Himalaya, Fiji, Hainan, India, Jawa, Laccadive Is., Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Madagascar, Malaya, Maldives, Maluku, Marianas, Marquesas, Marshall Is., Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Nauru, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Nicobar Is., Niue, Northern Territory, Philippines, Queensland, Samoa, Seychelles, Society Is., Solomon Is., South China Sea, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Tonga, Tuamotu, Tubuai Is., Vanuatu, Vietnam, West Himalaya

Introduced into:

Cape Verde, Chagos Archipelago, Dominican Republic, Egypt, Gulf of Guinea Is., Haiti, Jamaica, Leeward Is., Line Is., Mauritius, Nepal, Nigeria, Ogasawara-shoto, Pitcairn Is., Puerto Rico, Rodrigues, Réunion, Senegal, Sudan, Trinidad-Tobago, Uganda, Wallis-Futuna Is., Windward Is.

Erythrina variegata L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jan 1, 1971 Jardine, F.L. [s.n.], Queensland K000347683
Jan 1, 1969 s.coll. [15782], Peninsular Malaysia K000900616 Unknown type material
Jan 1, 1911 Jardine, F.L. [s.n.], Queensland K000279264
Ecuador K001474243
Ecuador K001474244
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5960] Erythrina picta K001122652
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 5963], Myanmar Erythrina indica K001122664
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5963] Erythrina indica K001122658
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5963], India Erythrina indica K001122660
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5963] Erythrina indica K001122661
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5963] Erythrina indica K001122659
De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 5963] Erythrina indica K001122665
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5963] Erythrina indica K001122662
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5963] Erythrina indica K001122663
De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 5963] Erythrina indica K001122666
Blinkworth, R. [Cat. no. 5965], India Erythrina spathacea K001122669
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5965] Erythrina spathacea K001122668
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 5965], India Erythrina spathacea K001122670

First published in Herb. Amb.: 122 (1754)

Accepted by

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Barthelat, F. (2019). La flore illustrée de Mayotte: 1-687. Biotope éditions.
  • Bean, A.R. (2008). A taxonomic revision of Erythina L. (Fabaceae: Faboideae) in Australia Austrobaileya 7: 641-658.
  • Berendsohn, W.G., Gruber, A.K. & Monterrosa Salomón, J. (2009). Nova silva cusatlantica. Árboles nativos e introduciados de El Salvador. Parte 1: Angiospermae - Familias A a L Englera 29-1: 1-438.
  • Du Puy, D.J., Labat, N.-N., Rabevohitra, R., Villiers, J.-F., Bosser, J. & Moat, J. (2002). The Leguminosae of Madagascar: 1-737. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Dy Phon, P. (2000). Dictionnaire des plantes utilisées au Cambodge: 1-915. chez l'auteur, Phnom Penh, Cambodia.
  • Figueiredo, E., Paiva, J., Stévart, T., Oliveira, F. & Smith, G.F. (2011). Annotated catalogue of the flowering plants of São Tomé and Príncipe Bothalia, A Journal of Botanical Research 41: 41-82.
  • Florence, J., Waldren, S. & Chepstow-Lusty, A.J. (1995). The flora of the Pitcairn islands: a review Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 56: 79-119.
  • Fosberg, F.R., Sachet, M.-H., Oliver, R. (1979). A geographical checklist of the Micronesian Dicotyledonae Micronesica; Journal of the College of Guam 15: 41-295.
  • Gardner, R.O. (2011). Trees and shrubs of Niue: an identification guide to the island's indigenous and naturalised woody plants: 1-244. R.O. Gardner, Auckland, New Zealand.
  • George, A.S., Orchard, A.E. & Hewson, H.J. (eds.) (1993). Oceanic islands 2 Flora of Australia 50: 1-606. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
  • Govaerts, R. (2001). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS E-F: 1-50919.
  • Hallé, N. (1980). Les Orchidees de Tubuai (archipel des Australes, Sud Polynesie), suivies d'un catalogue des plantes a fleurs et fougeres des iles Australes Cahiers de l'Indo-Pacifique 2(3): 69-130.
  • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  • Iwatsuki, K., Boufford, D.E. & Ohba, H. (eds.) (2001). Flora of Japan IIb: 1-550. Kodansha Ltd., Tokyo.
  • Kumar, S. & Sane, P.V. (2003). Legumes of South Asia. A Checklist: 1-536. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lepschi, B. & Monro, A. (Project Coordinators) (2014). Australian Plant Census (APC) Council of Heads of Australian Herbaria. http://www.anbg.gov.au/chah/apc/index.html.
  • Lock, J.M. & Ford, C.S. (2004). Legumes of Malesia a Check-List: 1-295. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lock, J.M. & Heald, J. (1994). Legumes of Indo-China a checck-list: 1-164. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
  • Pandey, R.P. & Dilwakar, P.G. (2008). An integrated check-list flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403-500.
  • Polhill, R.M. (1990). Flore des Mascareignes 80: 1-235. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
  • St. John, H. (1988). Census of the Flora of the Gambier islands, Polynesia Pacific Plant Studies 43: 1-34.
  • Thaman, R.R. & Tye, A. (2015). Flora of Kiritimari (Christmass) atoll, Northern Line islands, Republic of Kiribati Atoll Research Bulletin 608: 1-73.
  • Thaman, R.R., Fosberg, F.R., Manner, H.I. & Hassall, D.C. (1994). The Flora of Nauru Atoll Research Bulletin 392: 1-223.
  • Wester, L. (1985). Checklist of the vascular plants of the Northern Line Islands Atoll Research Bulletin 287: 1-38.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2010). Flora of China 10: 1-642. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).
  • de la Estrella, M., Cabezas, F.J., Aedo, C. & Velayos, M. (2010). The Papilionoideae (Leguminosae) of Equatorial Guinea (Annobón, Bioko and Río Muni) Folia Geobotanica 45: 1-57.

Literature

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Barthelat, F. (2019). La flore illustrée de Mayotte: 1-687. Biotope éditions.
  • Bean, A.R. (2008). A taxonomic revision of Erythina L. (Fabaceae: Faboideae) in Australia Austrobaileya 7: 641-658.
  • Du Puy, D.J., Labat, N.-N., Rabevohitra, R., Villiers, J.-F., Bosser, J. & Moat, J. (2002). The Leguminosae of Madagascar: 1-737. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Florence, J., Waldren, S. & Chepstow-Lusty, A.J. (1995). The flora of the Pitcairn islands: a review Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 56: 79-119.
  • Fosberg, F.R. (1975). Vascular plants of Aitutaki Atoll Research Bulletin 190: 73-84.
  • Fosberg, F.R., Sachet, M.-H., Oliver, R. (1979). A geographical checklist of the Micronesian Dicotyledonae Micronesica; Journal of the College of Guam 15: 41-295.
  • Gardner, R.O. (2011). Trees and shrubs of Niue: an identification guide to the island's indigenous and naturalised woody plants: 1-244. R.O. Gardner, Auckland, New Zealand.
  • George, A.S., Orchard, A.E. & Hewson, H.J. (eds.) (1993). Oceanic islands 2 Flora of Australia 50: 1-606. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
  • Hallé, N. (1980). Les Orchidees de Tubuai (archipel des Australes, Sud Polynesie), suivies d'un catalogue des plantes a fleurs et fougeres des iles Australes Cahiers de l'Indo-Pacifique 2(3): 69-130.
  • Kumar, S. & Sane, P.V. (2003). Legumes of South Asia. A Checklist: 1-536. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lock, J.M. & Ford, C.S. (2004). Legumes of Malesia a Check-List: 1-295. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lock, J.M. & Heald, J. (1994). Legumes of Indo-China a checck-list: 1-164. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Morat, P. & Veillon, J.-M. (1985). Contributions à la conaissance de la végétation et de la flore de Wallis et Futuna Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle. Section B, Adansonia 7: 259-329.
  • Polhill, R.M. (1990). Flore des Mascareignes 80: 1-235. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
  • Sheppard, C.R.C. & Seaward, M.R.D. (eds.) (1999). Ecology of the Chagos archipelago: 1-350. Westbury Academic & Scientific Publishing, Otley.
  • St. John, H. (1988). Census of the Flora of the Gambier islands, Polynesia Pacific Plant Studies 43: 1-34.
  • Thaman, R.R. & Tye, A. (2015). Flora of Kiritimari (Christmass) atoll, Northern Line islands, Republic of Kiribati Atoll Research Bulletin 608: 1-73.
  • Thaman, R.R., Fosberg, F.R., Manner, H.I. & Hassall, D.C. (1994). The Flora of Nauru Atoll Research Bulletin 392: 1-223.
  • Turner, I.M., Xing, F. & Corlett, R.T. (2000). An annotated check-list of the vascular plants of the South China Sea and its shores The Raffles bulletin of Zoology, Suppl. 8: 23-116.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2010). Flora of China 10: 1-642. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).
  • de la Estrella, M., Cabezas, F.J., Aedo, C. & Velayos, M. (2010). The Papilionoideae (Leguminosae) of Equatorial Guinea (Annobón, Bioko and Río Muni) Folia Geobotanica 45: 1-57.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

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  • L. in Amoen. Acad. 4: 122 (1759).
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  • Merrill in Interpret. Humph. Herb. Amboin.: 276 (1917).

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International Legume Database and Information Service

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  • Art and Illustrations in Digifolia

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

  • Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible

    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • International Legume Database and Information Service

    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Science Photographs

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Universidad Nacional de Colombia

    ColPlantA database
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0