Erythrina variegata L.

First published in Herb. Amb.: 122 (1754)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Tanzania to Pacific. It is a tree and grows primarily in the wet tropical biome. It is used as animal food, a poison, a medicine and invertebrate food, has environmental uses and social uses and for fuel and food.


IUCN Red List of Threatened Species

LC - least concern

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá.

Cultivada en Colombia; Alt. 20 - 900 m.; Llanura del Caribe, Valle del Cauca.
Morphology General Habit

Biogeografic region: Caribbean. Elevation range: 20–900 m a.s.l. Cultivated in Colombia. Colombian departments: Antioquia, Valle del Cauca.
IUCN Red List Assessment (2021): LC.

International Legume Database and Information Service

Africa: Zanzibar-Inhambane regional transition zone; mangrove., Cultivated
Morphology General Habit
Perennial, Not climbing, Tree
Amapola, Anzava, Arbre a Corail, Atae, Bois Inmortel Vrai, Dabdab, Dadap, Easter Flower, Era-badu, Era-mudu, Holocauste, Immortel Grand, Immortelle, Indian Coral Tree, Katu-eramadu, Mandara, Mapoleona, Motel, Mouroque, Mourouc, Mourouque, Mullu-murukku, M

Bernal, R., G. Galeano, A. Rodríguez, H. Sarmiento y M. Gutiérrez. 2017. Nombres Comunes de las Plantas de Colombia.


Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

Morphology General Habit
Tree 6–12 m. tall, with much branched crown; branches prickly; flowering when leaves not present.
Morphology Stem
Stems pale, with short straight black prickles, at first densely stellate tomentose but soon glabrous.
Morphology Leaves
Leaflets ovate to broadly rhomboid, rather thin, 4–19·5 cm. long, 3–21 cm. wide, acute to acuminate (often bluntly) at the apex, truncate, rounded or slightly cordate at the base, at first sparsely stellate pubescent or tomentose beneath, later almost glabrous, sometimes variegated (not in Africa); midrib not prickly; petiole 2–20 cm. long, not prickly; rhachis 1–7 cm. long; petiolules 0·5–1·4 cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences dense, many-flowered, covered with a deciduous stellate ferruginous tomentum; rhachis 10–20 cm. long; peduncle 7–17 cm. long; pedicels 8–11 mm. long, tomentose; bracts and bracteoles oblong, 2–3 mm. long, 0·5–1 mm. wide, soon deciduous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx fusiform in bud, narrowed above and terminating in 2 filiform lobes 2–4 mm. long and a thickened knob, later splitting deeply on the vexillar side to form a spathe, 2–4 cm. long, at first covered with a ferruginous stellate tomentum, later glabrous, dark-lined when dry.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Standard dark crimson or scarlet, short-clawed, elliptic, 5–6(–7) cm. long, 2–2·5 cm. wide, rounded; keel and wings about equal, ± a third the length of the standard.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Pods stipitate, sausage-shaped or elongate-cylindrical, 12–30(–40) cm. long, 2–3 cm. wide, (3–)4–13-seeded, moderately but not deeply constricted between the seeds, densely stellate tomentose when very young, soon glabrous; valves reticulately veined like a ground-nut pod.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds pinkish or purplish-red, oblong or oblong-ellipsoid, sometimes slightly curved, longest dimension 1·3–2 cm., shorter dimension 0·8–1·2 cm., 0·8–1·1 cm. thick; hilum oblong or oblong-oblanceolate, 5–8·5 mm. long.
Coastal bushland on dry edge of Avicennia mangrove-swamp and other associations just above high-water mark
T6 Z


Use Animal Food
Used as animal food.
Use Environmental
Environmental uses.
Use Fuel
Used for fuels.
Use Food
Used for food.
Use Invertebrate Food
Used as invertebrate food.
Use Materials
Used as material.
Use Medicines
Medical uses.
Use Poisons
Use Social
Social uses.

Chemical products, Domestic, Environmental, Fibre, Food and Drink, Forage, Medicine, Toxins, Wood


  • Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew
  • IUCN Categories

    • IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
  • International Legume Database and Information Service

    • International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2023. Published on the Internet at and
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants.
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2023. Published on the Internet at and
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants.
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images
  • Universidad Nacional de Colombia

    • ColPlantA database
  • Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia